Dolly's legacy: Cloning debate, stem cell advances | How veterinarians study shark reproduction | Dog kisses result in near-deadly case of sepsis
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July 5, 2016
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Dolly's legacy: Cloning debate, stem cell advances
Dolly's legacy: Cloning debate, stem cell advances.
Dolly (Getty Images)
Twenty years ago, Dolly the sheep was born, marking a major scientific breakthrough that followed hundreds of failed attempts and sparking debate over the ethics of cloning and whether the technology might ever be applied to humans. Today, animal cloning is uncommon, although of interest for livestock applications, and experts say Dolly's greatest legacy is in demonstrating the feasibility of animal cell reprogramming and laying the groundwork for many important stem cell research and treatment advances.
ScientificAmerican.com (7/5),  BBC (7/4) 
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How veterinarians study shark reproduction
Some species of shark lay eggs while others bear live pups, and studying sharks' reproductive process reveals an intricate relationship between pups, parents and the sea, writes veterinarian Bill Van Bonn, Shedd Aquarium’s vice president of animal health. Aquarium veterinarians use prenatal monitoring methods similar to those used by human obstetricians, including ultrasound, and can also shine a bright light through shark eggs to monitor the developing fetus.
The Huffington Post (7/1) 
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Dog kisses result in near-deadly case of sepsis
A 70-year-old UK woman developed sepsis after her pet Italian greyhound transmitted the Capnocytophaga canimorsus bacterium by licking her, doctors write in BMJ Case Reports. "This report highlights that infection can occur without overt scratch or bite injuries. It also reminds us that the elderly are at higher risk of infection, perhaps due to age-related immune dysfunction and increasing pet ownership," the doctors wrote, but infectious disease specialist Bruce Farber said the infection is rare. The woman recovered after two weeks of intensive care and treatment with antibiotics.
CBS News (6/30) 
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Cats at Calif. shelter exposed to panleukopenia virus
Hundreds of cats of all ages were exposed to panleukopenia virus at the Central California SPCA, and six have died, spokesman Walter Salvari said. "When they come into the shelter, we do vaccinate upon intake, but at times they're already exposed by the time they come in," he said. CCSPA staff have been cleaning the facility's five buildings to prevent further transmission.
KFSN-TV (Fresno, Calif.) (6/30) 
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Investigators pinpoint origin of H1N1 pandemic
The 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic that killed more than 17,000 people around the world originated in central Mexico and was a combination of a Eurasian swine virus that had circulated for more than a decade in pigs and a North American virus that had circulated in birds, humans and pigs, according to a study published online in eLife.
HealthDay News (7/1) 
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Thailand animal hospital designs prosthetic legs for elephants
Mosha, an elephant who lost her leg to a land mine when she was 7 months old, was fitted with a functional prosthetic leg that was modified as she grew, and it supports her weight of more than 2 tons. A second elephant at the hospital where Mosha lives, run by the Friends of the Asian Elephant Foundation, has also received a prosthetic leg, and the FAE has scaled up a production facility to make the prostheses more efficiently.
ABC News (6/30) 
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Author aims to set the record straight about pit bulls
Bronwen Dickey attempts to show in her book "Pit Bull: The Battle Over an American Icon" how negative stereotypes about pit bulls have been shaped by misunderstandings -- including the meaning of the label itself, which is often applied to any dog that has a short coat and large head. A study reported in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association found that in more than 80% of fatal dog bite cases, there were at least four significant predictors of aggression related to the care and control of the animal such as inadequate socialization.
National Geographic News (free registration) (7/3) 
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Freeway Frida finds new home with rescuing officer
A dog who was captured along a busy highway after eluding authorities for weeks following her fall from a truck has a new home after being adopted by the police officer who saved her. Frida was treated for a fracture, infection, ruptured muscle and other issues, and she will need ongoing care including additional surgery.
The Sacramento Bee (Calif.) (tiered subscription model) (6/30) 
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Around the Office
Stop avoiding difficult performance conversations
Many leaders should be having ongoing performance and feedback conversations but aren't, and Marlene Chism spotlights the warning signs of avoidance. "There are only two real barriers to initiating difficult conversations: The avoidance of discomfort, and the lack of skill," she writes.
SmartBrief/Leadership (7/4) 
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AVMA Today
Webinar shares tips on improving team communication skills
Need quick advice for building your leadership and managerial skills? The latest webinar from the Women's Veterinary Leadership Development Initiative (WVLDI) shares tips on building team member communication skills. Communication is the key to all success, between veterinary team members, with clients, family and friends. This 30-minute webinar, which will take place on Wednesday, July 13, at noon Central Time, will focus on four steps to improve communications: body language, active listening, appreciation and note taking. Learn more about the latest WVLDI webinar and register today.
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George S. Patton,
military leader
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The news summaries appearing in Animal Health SmartBrief are based on original information from news organizations and are produced by SmartBrief, Inc., an independent e-mail newsletter publisher. The AVMA is not responsible for the content of sites that are external to the AVMA. Linking to a website does not constitute an endorsement by the AVMA of the site or the information presented on the site. Questions and comments should be directed to SmartBrief at avma@smartbrief.com.
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