Animal and human research increasingly points to links between a man's lifestyle and the health of his future children. This is particularly seen with vitamin D levels, alcohol consumption, diet, stress and cigarette use.
Researchers are identifying neutralizing monoclonal antibodies against the Zika virus as a potential treatment for the prevention of mother-to-fetus transmission of Zika. The injection of convalescent serum in the peritoneal cavity has been shown to prevent Zika-related neurological damage in the offspring of pregnant mice, according to a study in the Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research.
Researchers have increasingly become interested in emotional contagion -- the idea that spread of emotions between people and animals or among animals -- and they've uncovered evidence that swine, horses and dogs experience physiologic responses to stressful situations involving other animals or humans. Psychology professor Ted Ruffman says it's a primitive type of empathy that humans likely selected for when domesticating animals, and it may explain why dogs can be so effective as therapy animals for veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder and others.
Researchers at The University of Queensland used gene therapy to effectively wipe T-cells' memory in animals, resetting the immune system to tolerate an experimental asthma allergen. The study, published in JCI Insight, could eventually help people with severe food or other allergies, researcher Ray Steptoe said.
Some obesity-predisposed dog breeds were found to have a mutation where part of the pro-opiomelanocortin gene is missing, which can affect calorie burning and appetite. This finding might help identify new risk factors for obesity in humans and could possibly lead to new drugs.
Magnetic resonance, ultrasound and laparascopic imaging machines, in-house blood analysis, and chemo and radiotherapy for cancer are among the medical advances developed for human care that are increasingly used in veterinary medicine. "About 80 to 90 percent of pet owners consider their dog or cat a family member ... and people want to have the best treatment for their family members," veterinary surgeon Marc Havig said.
While it is widely recognized that animals should be protected from cruel treatment, the extent of their rights is frequently debated. This piece argues that people should treat animals humanely but that giving them the same rights as humans is impractical and would disrupt many sectors of the economy.
The Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine will be home to about 6,000 rats and mice for studies on cancer and neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases. Scientists at the center have undergone animal welfare training, and university officials will seek accreditation from the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care International.
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The Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR) is the nation’s oldest and largest non-profit dedicated to improving human and animal health by promoting public understanding and support for biomedical research. Our mission is to educate people about the essential role animal research plays in the quest for medical advancements, treatments and cures for both people and animals.