Global population health is affected by veterinary public health, and most veterinarians contribute either directly or indirectly to human public health goals and outcomes, writes veterinarian Thierry van den Berg with the Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Center in Belgium. "One Health represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases," Dr. van den Berg writes.
All of the rhesus macaques that roam free on Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico, appear to have survived Hurricane Maria, but research buildings, piers, rainwater collection systems and protective enclosures for people on the island were decimated, as were the homes of employees on the main island. Each of the seven US National Primate Research Centers is contributing $5,000 to help rebuild, and a shipping container has been filled with water, food, baby diapers and formula, tarps, water purification tablets and filters, chain saws and other supplies.
Mice and rabbits mounted a strong immune response to 72 of the 95 known pneumonia bacteria types after receiving an experimental pneumonia vaccine, researchers reported in Science Advances. The vaccine employs a liposomal formulation that works differently than current vaccines and would be far less expensive to produce.
The brain might experience shear shock waves leading to neural damage after a concussion, according to a study in deceased pigs published in Physical Review Applied. Using ultrasound elastography and data-processing algorithms, the researchers tracked shear waves and found they sometimes gathered and intensified deep inside the brain, forming short-lived shock waves that were much more intense than the original shear wave, findings that could explain why some lower-impact injuries yield concussions.
CDC researchers are investigating recent outbreaks of monkeypox, which has surfaced among chimpanzees in a Cameroon sanctuary as well as humans in the Central African Republic, Congo Republic, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. Monkeypox is one of a number of wildlife diseases that spill into human populations where animals and people come into contact, and the US classifies the virus alongside anthrax and Ebola as pathogens could pose a major threat to human health.
Susanna Whitfield and her fellow microbiologists at Maryland's Frederick Animal Health Laboratory identify and test bacteria from livestock wounds, abscesses and milk to determine the precise antibiotic that will be most effective. The process assists with understanding the cause of infection, and susceptibility testing allows veterinarians to prescribe the fastest, most effective treatment for sick animals and reduces the risk of antibiotic resistance.
Ethical and social values are often integral in scientific research, and scientists who are transparent about values "can promote a more realistic view of science as both value-laden and reliable," writes Kevin Elliott, an associate professor at Michigan State University. "Rather than dismissing scientists who discuss their values, we ought to encourage scientists and other stakeholders to engage in open, thoughtful reflection about how values influence research," Elliott writes. "Far from threatening the integrity of science, this is the path to promoting science that is trustworthy and socially responsible."
The One Health Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency are seeking 300,000 pet owners to take the National Pet Health Survey. The data collected will be integrated into the EPA's EnviroAtlas mapping tool and analyzed to identify geographic patterns in diseases and health issues in cats and dogs.
Support for the humane use of animals in scientific and medical research has sunk to historic lows. As public opinion appears to decline, access to necessary animal models may become more restricted, potentially jeopardizing lifesaving medical discoveries. As part of our efforts to turn this trend around, FBR has introduced a new public outreach campaign, "Love Animals? Support Animal Research," with a 28-page full-color booklet (cover pictured at left). It details how pets and wildlife have benefited --- and will continue to benefit --- from research with animals. Please download the brochure, visit fbresearch.org to learn more and contribute to support FBR.
For 35 years, FBR has advanced biomedical research for the sake of both human and animal health. We can't do our job without your support. Please give what you can. Together we will continue to make a difference.
One must need to be strong; otherwise, one never becomes strong.
The Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR) is the nation’s oldest and largest non-profit dedicated to improving human and animal health by promoting public understanding and support for biomedical research. Our mission is to educate people about the essential role animal research plays in the quest for medical advancements, treatments and cures for both people and animals.