Why animal health is important to all of us | Research community steps up to save monkey research station in Puerto Rico | Near-universal pneumonia vaccine performs well in mice and rabbits
November 8, 2017
FBR Smartbrief
Top Stories
Why animal health is important to all of us
Why animal health is important to all of us
(Issouf Sanogo/AFP/Getty Images)
Global population health is affected by veterinary public health, and most veterinarians contribute either directly or indirectly to human public health goals and outcomes, writes veterinarian Thierry van den Berg with the Veterinary and Agrochemical Research Center in Belgium. "One Health represents a call for health researchers and practitioners at the human, animal and environmental interfaces to work together to mitigate the risks of emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases," Dr. van den Berg writes.
BioMed Central (11/3) 
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Research community steps up to save monkey research station in Puerto Rico
All of the rhesus macaques that roam free on Cayo Santiago, Puerto Rico, appear to have survived Hurricane Maria, but research buildings, piers, rainwater collection systems and protective enclosures for people on the island were decimated, as were the homes of employees on the main island. Each of the seven US National Primate Research Centers is contributing $5,000 to help rebuild, and a shipping container has been filled with water, food, baby diapers and formula, tarps, water purification tablets and filters, chain saws and other supplies.
Speaking of Research (11/7) 
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Research Breakthroughs
Near-universal pneumonia vaccine performs well in mice and rabbits
Mice and rabbits mounted a strong immune response to 72 of the 95 known pneumonia bacteria types after receiving an experimental pneumonia vaccine, researchers reported in Science Advances. The vaccine employs a liposomal formulation that works differently than current vaccines and would be far less expensive to produce.
The Daily Beast (11/6) 
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Study involving pigs helps unravel mystery of brain damage after head impact
The brain might experience shear shock waves leading to neural damage after a concussion, according to a study in deceased pigs published in Physical Review Applied. Using ultrasound elastography and data-processing algorithms, the researchers tracked shear waves and found they sometimes gathered and intensified deep inside the brain, forming short-lived shock waves that were much more intense than the original shear wave, findings that could explain why some lower-impact injuries yield concussions.
UNC Health Care (Chapel Hill, N.C.) (10/31) 
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Other News
Animal Health
Monkeypox raises concerns along Africa's human-animal interface
Monkeypox raises concerns along Africa's human-animal interface
(Tony Karumba/AFP/Getty Images)
CDC researchers are investigating recent outbreaks of monkeypox, which has surfaced among chimpanzees in a Cameroon sanctuary as well as humans in the Central African Republic, Congo Republic, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone. Monkeypox is one of a number of wildlife diseases that spill into human populations where animals and people come into contact, and the US classifies the virus alongside anthrax and Ebola as pathogens could pose a major threat to human health.
The Washington Post (tiered subscription model) (11/3) 
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Susceptibility testing aids precision medicine in livestock
Susanna Whitfield and her fellow microbiologists at Maryland's Frederick Animal Health Laboratory identify and test bacteria from livestock wounds, abscesses and milk to determine the precise antibiotic that will be most effective. The process assists with understanding the cause of infection, and susceptibility testing allows veterinarians to prescribe the fastest, most effective treatment for sick animals and reduces the risk of antibiotic resistance.
The Frederick News-Post (Md.) (11/5) 
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Policy News
Transparency about values strengthens science
Ethical and social values are often integral in scientific research, and scientists who are transparent about values "can promote a more realistic view of science as both value-laden and reliable," writes Kevin Elliott, an associate professor at Michigan State University. "Rather than dismissing scientists who discuss their values, we ought to encourage scientists and other stakeholders to engage in open, thoughtful reflection about how values influence research," Elliott writes. "Far from threatening the integrity of science, this is the path to promoting science that is trustworthy and socially responsible."
The Conversation (US) (11/6) 
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One Health Commission, EPA seek better understanding of pet health, disease
One Health Commission, EPA seek better understanding of pet health, disease
The One Health Commission and the Environmental Protection Agency are seeking 300,000 pet owners to take the National Pet Health Survey. The data collected will be integrated into the EPA's EnviroAtlas mapping tool and analyzed to identify geographic patterns in diseases and health issues in cats and dogs.
American Veterinarian (11/7) 
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FBR News
Support FBR's new outreach campaign
Support FBR's new outreach campaign
Support for the humane use of animals in scientific and medical research has sunk to historic lows. As public opinion appears to decline, access to necessary animal models may become more restricted, potentially jeopardizing lifesaving medical discoveries. As part of our efforts to turn this trend around, FBR has introduced a new public outreach campaign, "Love Animals? Support Animal Research," with a 28-page full-color booklet (cover pictured at left). It details how pets and wildlife have benefited --- and will continue to benefit --- from research with animals. Please download the brochure, visit fbresearch.org to learn more and contribute to support FBR.
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For 35 years, FBR has advanced biomedical research for the sake of both human and animal health. We can't do our job without your support. Please give what you can. Together we will continue to make a difference.
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Friedrich Nietzsche,
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About FBR
The Foundation for Biomedical Research (FBR) is the nation’s oldest and largest non-profit dedicated to improving human and animal health by promoting public understanding and support for biomedical research. Our mission is to educate people about the essential role animal research plays in the quest for medical advancements, treatments and cures for both people and animals.
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