Antibiotic use in infancy may lead to illnesses later in life | Girls with autism show greater social impairments, study finds | Shortened fasting doesn't raise pulmonary aspiration risk in children
May 14, 2015
AAP SmartBrief
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Antibiotic use in infancy may lead to illnesses later in life
A study published in the journal Cell Host and Microbe found that overuse of antibiotics in infants may cause changes in their gut bacteria which can lead to conditions such as obesity, allergies and other diseases in adulthood. "We think these findings help develop a roadmap for future research to determine the health consequences of antibiotic use and for recommendations for prescribing them," study author Dan Knights said. United Press International (5/13)
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Girls with autism show greater social impairments, study finds
Social impairments are greater for girls with autism than boys with the condition, when compared with healthy peers, according to a study presented at the International Meeting for Autism Research. "It could be that parents of girls with autism are perceiving their girls differently than parents of boys," said researcher Christine Wu Nordahl. "But it's possible that there is something behaviorally different in these girls that their parents are picking up on. We can't just treat boys and girls with autism the same." HealthDay News (5/13)
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CMS Open Payments: What You Need to Know
As part of CMS Open Payments, manufacturers and GPOs submitted data about their financial relationships with you—physicians and teaching hospitals. You are encouraged to review that data before it is made available on a publicly accessible website. Learn more now!
Pediatric Health Care
Shortened fasting doesn't raise pulmonary aspiration risk in children
A Swedish study in Pediatric Anesthesia found that children who underwent elective surgery had a low incidence of pulmonary aspiration, even when they were allowed to drink clear fluids before general anesthesia. Researchers found three cases of pulmonary aspiration out of the 10,015 pediatric anesthetics evaluated for the study. News (5/11)
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Tailored treatment may increase survival in rare pediatric kidney cancer
Researchers found that survival rates without a relapse for four years were 83.9% in children with early-stage Wilms tumor and 91.5% in children with late-stage cancers after receiving personalized chemotherapy treatments, compared with 75% of early-stage and 66% of late-stage cancer patients who received standard therapy. The findings will be presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology meeting. Reuters (5/13)
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Study ties paternal age to children's hematologic cancer risk
Children without siblings who were born to fathers 35 or older were at 63% increased risk of developing hematologic malignancies compared with those born to fathers younger than 25, according to a study in the American Journal of Epidemiology. An overall correlation was found between hematologic cancer risk and paternal age, and it was stronger among only children. The findings were based on an analysis of data from about 138,000 people in the American Cancer Society Cancer Prevention Study-II Nutrition Cohort. HealthDay News (5/12), Business Standard (India)/Indo-Asian News Service (5/12)
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Study finds newer antipsychotics are safer during pregnancy
Women who took newer antipsychotic drugs, known as "atypical" drugs, during pregnancy showed similar risks for health conditions such as gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders as women with mental health problems who did not take the medication, according to a new study published in the journal BMJ. The Globe and Mail (Toronto) (tiered subscription model) (5/13)
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Trends & Technology
Hospital leaders testify how telemedicine improves rural care
Hospital leaders urged a Senate subpanel to continue supporting telehealth programs, which they argue boost care at rural health centers. Kristi Henderson, chief telehealth and innovation officer at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, said government funding has helped the UMMC Center for Telehealth enhance emergency care at 15 rural hospitals, cut unnecessary patient transfers by 20% and reduce emergency department staffing costs by 25%. Health Data Management (5/12)
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Health Policy & Regulations
States seek middle ground on Medicaid expansion
Alaska is among the states considering ways to expand Medicaid eligibility under the Affordable Care Act. Sixty-five percent of state residents are in favor of expansion, as is Gov. Bill Walker, an independent. About 40,000 residents, 30% of whom are Alaska Native, would qualify for coverage if the state expands eligibility. National Public Radio (5/12)
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White House clarifies preventive care coverage
HHS has moved to resolve health insurance loopholes that let some preventive care not be covered. Among the clarifications are requirements that insurers must cover the anesthesia used during colonoscopies. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution (free content)/The Associated Press (5/11)
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Supreme Court ACA decision looms
Low- and middle-income workers are vulnerable to a Supreme Court ruling invalidating tax credits for health plans sold through, said Urban Institute senior fellow Linda Blumberg. States that now use the federally run exchange can set up their own so that tax credits would be available to their residents, but doing so would be both time-consuming and financially challenging, Blumberg said. Kaiser Health News/National Public Radio (5/11)
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The Last Word - News from the AAP
CATCH now accepting grant applications
Grants of up to $10,000 for pediatricians and fellowship trainees and $2,000 for pediatric residents are available from the Community Access to Child Health (CATCH) program for innovative initiatives that will ensure all children, especially underserved children, have medical homes, timely immunizations, and access to health services not otherwise available in their communities. Applications will be accepted for Planning, Implementation, and Resident Grants until July 31.
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Connect with Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units
Pediatric Environmental Health Specialty Units form a respected network of experts in children's environmental health. Each regional PEHSU serves as a resource for its health professionals, communities, families and others who have concerns about potential environmental health hazards involving children. To find out more, visit the AAP website.
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This news roundup is provided as a timely update to AAP members and other health professionals about child health topics in the media. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of pediatricians who may find them of use in discussions with patients or colleagues.
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