Children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes had a greater likelihood of developing adverse health conditions -- such as eye disease, nerve damage and kidney disease -- before age 30, according to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine. The study also showed Black and Hispanic children were 80% and 57% more likely, respectively, to develop later complications than white children.
A study in Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice found that older adults with type 2 diabetes who were treated with low-dose pioglitazone for a year experienced improvement in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease indices and insulin resistance, compared with those who received sulfonylureas. The findings, based on data from 195 participants, also showed that the beneficial effects of pioglitazone on NAFLD were independent of blood glucose levels.
US Surgeon General Vivek Murthy said the US must do everything possible to increase COVID-19 vaccination rates as the Delta variant continues to fuel infections across the country, particularly in areas with low vaccination coverage. States that have fully vaccinated fewer than 50% of residents are seeing almost triple the hospitalization rates and more than double the COVID-19 infection and death rates, on average, compared with states where more than half of residents have been vaccinated.
A study presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference suggests that high sugar intake might increase a person's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. "Most sugars readily convert to glucose, whose metabolism is regulated by insulin and the insulin-mediated glucose transporter GLUT4, which is highly expressed in the hippocampus and may play a role in memory," researcher Christopher Ford said.
A study presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference found a cluster of blood-based metabolites that could predict subsequent dementia risk and also correlated with early pathology in adults younger than age 60. Researchers said the findings may help provide a prevention target.
Researchers at the University of California at San Diego developed an ultrasound patch designed to detect heart function and related measures such as blood flow. "This type of wearable device can give you a more comprehensive, more accurate picture of what's going on in deep tissues and critical organs like the heart and the brain, all from the surface of the skin," said lead researcher Sheng Xu in Nature Biomedical Engineering.
An online survey of 248 family physicians, published in the Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine, showed that loneliness is a common issue among family medicine physicians and may be tied to burnout, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey found that 50.4% of responding physicians met the criteria for burnout.
Human beings sometimes make health choices that seem baffling to health care professionals, including refusing to get a life-saving vaccine, but dig a little deeper and the choices become comprehensible even if we disagree, writes emergency physician Edwin Leap. Science is confusing, and condemning vaccine-hesitant people and treating them like simpletons only compounds the problem, but compassion and kindness may change hearts and minds, Leap writes.
The White House is taking additional steps to boost the number of vaccinated Americans as a new wave of COVID-19 infections threatens areas with low vaccination rates with the mandate to require proof of vaccination from federal workers and contractors and payments of $100 for each newly vaccinated. "With freedom comes responsibility. So please exercise responsible judgment. Get vaccinated for yourself, the people you love, for your country," President Joe Biden said. Presently, the number of fully vaccinated Americans has reached 163.9 million, while the number of administered COVID-19 vaccine doses now totals 344.1 million, according to the CDC.
A World Health Organization report titled Ethics & Governance of Artificial Intelligence for Health warns about the risks of overestimating the benefits of artificial intelligence in health care at the cost of investments and strategies to achieve universal health coverage. The report, developed by a panel of experts, outlines six consensus principles for ensuring AI works to the public benefit and does not subordinate patient and community rights to commercial interests or government surveillance and social control.
Interested in transforming lives, working with visionary thinkers, and strong decision makers! Submit your application today for an Officer or Board Member position with the American Diabetes Associations 2022 Board of Directors. The application deadline is Sunday, August 8, at 8 p.m. ET. Learn more and apply.