Women with obesity had worse performance on a working memory test, compared with normal-weight women and women with overweight, according to a study in Eating Behaviors. The same association was not observed in men, but additional research is needed to explore the effect of sex because of the study's design, researchers said.
A study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research found that postmenopausal women who regularly had five hours or less of sleep a night had lower bone mass and were twice as likely to have osteoporosis of the hip and spine, compared with women who slept about seven hours nightly. The researchers used data from 11,084 participants of the Women's Health Initiative Study and found that women who slept for six hours every night had a slightly increased spine and whole-body osteoporosis risk.
Men who engaged in pelvic floor exercises before and after having a prostatectomy had improved measures of pelvic floor muscle function, reduced post-prostatectomy incontinence and improved incontinence-related quality of life outcomes, according to an Australian study in BMC Urology. The men began the exercises five weeks before surgery and continued them for 12 weeks after surgery.
Health care practice leaders should prepare for the coming year this month by reflecting on practice accomplishments in 2019 and setting goals for 2020, writes Karen Zupko. Identify and prioritize business problems, seek in-depth feedback from staff, and write down and share goals with your team to ensure your practice is ready to improve in the new year, Zupko suggests.
A recent poll by Gallup found that 28% of Americans reported that they weigh at least 200 pounds between 2010 and 2019, which is four points higher than the survey results between 2001 and 2009. The survey also found that the average weight of an American is 178 pounds, four pounds higher than the previous decade, and fewer Americans want to lose weight, at 54%, down from 59%.
A study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society examined the effects of diet and exercise on 160 sedentary adults aged 55 and older with at least one cardiovascular disease risk factor and cognitive impairments without dementia. The participants were divided into four groups: those who followed the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet, those who took part in regular aerobic exercise, patients who did both, and patients who received only an educational intervention; and the study found that the groups that took part in exercise had better executive function at one year than those who did not, and the DASH groups had lower risk of cardiovascular disease.
A new report finds that 9 in 10 US health care organizations are currently offering or piloting telehealth programs, and the most common telehealth projects include inpatient specialist consultation, remote patient monitoring and mental or behavioral health visits. Researchers polled 125 respondents and found 60% were "very" or "extremely" prepared to manage portals, but only 36% were prepared to offer unified patient-facing communication platforms, while 42% believe that patients' "preference for face-to-face interaction" is a major barrier to adopting telehealth.
The number of births among US women ages 15 to 44 dropped by 2% between 2017 and 2018, marking the fourth straight year of decline, and the teen birth rate decreased by 7% during the same period, according to a report from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics. Another CDC study in the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report showed that the number of abortions, abortion rate and abortion ratio in 2016 were the lowest since 2007, with the greatest decline among teens ages 15 to 19.
An analysis of federal data and medical literature from 1959 to 2017 found US life expectancy increased from 69.9 to 78.9 over almost six decades, but it has been dropping since 2014 as mortality rises among middle-aged Americans, particularly in economically depressed areas. The increase in mortality was attributed to drug overdoses, suicides, alcohol abuse and diseases such as hypertension and diabetes, according to the study in the Journal of the American Medical Association.