Researchers found that older adults who ate more than 10 grams of nuts and/or peanuts daily had a 40% lower likelihood of poor cognitive function, compared with non-eaters, even after accounting for body mass index, energy intake, lifestyle and demographics. The findings in The Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging were based on 22 years of China Health and Nutrition Survey data from 4,822 individuals older than 55.
Only about 1 in 660 children and young adults who received stimulants for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder developed psychosis, but those who were given amphetamine had twice the psychosis risk, compared with those who took methylphenidate, researchers reported in The New England Journal of Medicine. The findings also showed that amphetamine and methylphenidate prescriptions among youths with ADHD rose by nearly fourfold and 60%, respectively, between 2005 and 2014.
Children whose mothers lived within 2,000 meters of areas highly sprayed with pesticides during pregnancy had 10% to 16% higher rates of autism spectrum disorder compared with those whose mothers lived farther from highly sprayed areas, researchers reported in The BMJ. Exposure during the first year of life was associated with 50% greater risk of ASD.
The anesthesia drug propofol may reduce the clarity of distressing memories after 24 hours have elapsed, a study published in Science Advances suggests. The drug could one day be useful in treating post-traumatic stress disorder, but only in a limited way, since older memories are less likely to change, researchers say.
Biogen and Eisai are discontinuing two late-stage trials evaluating aducanumab in treating Alzheimer's disease after an interim analysis from an independent monitoring committee showed the drug's unlikely benefit for Alzheimer's patients. Eisai has begun late-stage trials assessing the experimental Alzheimer's drug BAN2401.
The FDA warned health professionals, cancer researchers and patients that the use of AbbVie's multiple myeloma drug Venclexta, or venetoclax, could lead to higher mortality risk, according to data from a late-stage trial evaluating the treatment. However, the warning does not cover use of the drug by patients already taking it for three approved indications.
Data from Geisinger's Ask-A-Doc program, which included 22,000 physician consultations, showed it reduced the turnaround time between primary and specialty physicians to 6.5 hours, compared with traditional referrals that could take weeks to months. The program also reduced costs, mainly due to fewer emergency department and physician office visits.
FDA Commissioner Scott Gottlieb has called for stricter scrutiny of EHR systems in light of reports of patient deaths, injuries and close calls related to the conversion from paper to electronic records. The 21st Century Cures Act prevents the FDA from overseeing EHRs as medical devices, and Gottlieb said companies have avoided adding functionality that could improve the systems because of concern the changes would bring them under FDA oversight.
The CMS' 2017 Quality Payment Program Experience Report said 95% of eligible providers participated in the first year of the Merit-based Incentive Payment System, and 93% earned a positive payment adjustment. The agency said it is working with clinicians to reduce administrative burdens associated with participation.
Although electronic prior authorization was associated with an 80% higher dispense rate and faster turnaround times, adoption among health care providers is less than 50% of the market, according to data from health care software company CoverMyMeds. Researchers also found that combining electronic prior authorization with a real-time check of benefits at the point of prescribing led to a 20% increase in medication adherence.
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I had a running compiler and nobody would touch it because, they carefully told me, computers could only do arithmetic; they could not do programs.
Rear Adm. Grace Murray Hopper, developer of the first compiler for a computer programming language
March is Women's History Month
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