Women who had diabetes were 56% more likely to have urinary incontinence compared with women without diabetes, according to a study in the journal Neurourology and Urodynamics. The findings also showed that after adjustments for confounders were made, diabetes was also associated with mixed urinary incontinence, but not with UI subtypes like stress urinary incontinence or urgency urinary incontinence.
Adults who experienced heart arrhythmia-related symptoms, as well as those with "poor health" and a "history of long-standing illness," had higher odds of drinking decaffeinated coffee or no coffee at all than drinking caffeinated coffee, according to a study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. The findings, based on data from 390,435 European adults, also revealed that those with higher systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels tend to drink less caffeinated coffee, and the researchers said these findings could explain some of the controversies in observational studies of coffee consumption.
Two-year risk scores for breast cancer produced by a deep learning model "were more predictive ... than age and mammographic density," Dr. Brian Dontchos said during a presentation at the Society of Breast Imaging/American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Symposium. Researchers also found higher cancer detection rates among patients with breast cancer categorized in the intermediate- and high-risk groups after undergoing a BI-RADS 0 screening mammography exam after an initial BI-RADS 1 or 2 index screening exam.
A study in Obstetrics & Gynecology found clinical depression or anxiety in 1 in 3 women hospitalized with pregnancy complications, and researchers said mental health conditions are a leading cause of maternal mortality in the US. The study "highlights the need for future research regarding screening protocols and implementation strategies of interventions for this at-risk population," researchers said.
Using the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association diagnostic threshold for stage 1 hypertension instead of the criteria recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists identifies more women at risk for preeclampsia, according to a study in JAMA Open Network. However, researchers say more studies are needed.
NEW! Understanding Postpartum Health & Baby Care Book + Web App Looking for postpartum education materials? InJoy's NEW patient education book + web app is redesigned for streamlined, standardized discharge education. It allows you to provide new parents with the information they need from hospital to home in multiple formats. Explore it Now>
Researchers studied 55 infants born to mothers who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, of whom three-quarters were breastfed during their stay at the hospital and 85% were given breast milk after going home, and found that none of the infants became infected with SARS-CoV-2. The findings were published in Pediatrics.
A study in JAMA Pediatrics found that infant mortality was 20 per 1,000 live births among infants who were exposed to opioids but not diagnosed with neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome, 11 per 1,000 live births among infants with NOWS and 6 per 1,000 live births in the reference group. The findings, based on data involving over 1.1 million mother-infant pairs, also showed that mortality among infants who were exposed to opioids and not diagnosed with NOWS was 72% higher, compared with the reference group.
A study of 84 breastfeeding women in Israel, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, showed that after receiving two doses of the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine, they had "robust" amounts of antibodies in samples of their breast milk for 6 weeks post-vaccination. Researchers said four of the babies registered a fever in the first 3 weeks of the study, and all of the infants showed symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections.