Study: Church-based lifestyle intervention tied to drop in systolic BP | Study links exercise to reduced CVD, diabetes risk in children | Researchers find link between stress, sudden cardiac arrest, but not Mondays
October 18, 2018
News about cardiovascular disease prevention and management
The Faith-based Approaches in the Treatment of Hypertension study conducted at 32 African-American churches in New York showed a layperson-led healthy lifestyle intervention based on science and the Bible was associated with a greater reduction in systolic blood pressure than a general health education program facilitated by health experts from outside the church. The study was published in Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.
Researchers found that children who increased their amount of vigorous physical activity were at a reduced risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, while those who had increased sedentary behavior saw an increase in risk factors for the conditions. Published in the Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports and based on 258 children from the PANIC Study, findings showed that physical activity may help prevent common chronic diseases in children, said study author Juuso Vaisto.
A study published in Heart Rhythm revealed no evidence that sudden cardiac arrest was more likely to happen on Mondays, as was previously believed, and just 13.9% of 1,535 adults who died from sudden cardiac arrest died between 12 a.m. and 6 a.m. Researchers analyzed data from The Oregon Sudden Unexpected Death Study and found that increased stress levels associated with today's hectic lifestyles were linked to an increased likelihood of sudden cardiac arrest any time of day, any day of the week.
The FDA approved updated labeling for Johnson & Johnson's Xarelto, or rivaroxaban, to state it can reduce the risk of major cardiovascular events in patients with chronic peripheral artery disease or coronary artery disease. Xarelto is used in combination with aspirin for these conditions.
Patients with type 2 diabetes and severe obesity who underwent bariatric surgery had a 40% lower risk of experiencing cardiovascular complications such as heart attack or stroke over five years, compared with the medication group, according to a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Researchers also found a reduced overall mortality risk among those in the surgery group.
A bill to address the opioid crisis, which is awaiting a signature from President Donald Trump, will require some companies that make medical devices, drugs and biologics paid for by Medicare, Medicaid or the Children's Health Insurance Program to report payments or transfers of value made to nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists and other providers. The bill expands the definition of covered recipients for reporting purposes to include these nurses, even if opioid drugs are not involved.
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