Study links sexual orientation to higher obesity risk | RD: Keep phytonutrients in mind when planning a healthy diet | Dietitians recommend fruits that fit with a low-carb diet
March 15, 2019
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Nutrition and Dietetics SmartBrief
News for food, nutrition and health professionals
Healthy Start
Study links sexual orientation to higher obesity risk
A UK study in the Journal of Public Health found lesbian and bisexual women had a 14% higher risk of being overweight or obese, compared with heterosexual women. The results are similar to those found in US studies, and Jane McElroy, an associate professor at the University of Missouri, said research is needed to find out the reason for the disparity.
NBC News (3/14) 
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Dietary Health
RD: Keep phytonutrients in mind when planning a healthy diet
Registered dietitian Jean Larson writes that phytonutrients in plants are associated with benefits such as detoxifying the body, promoting immunity, and aiding the heart and vascular systems. The phytonutrient allicin, found in garlic, may help protect the cardiovascular system and fight inflammation, while lignans, a phytonutrient in flax seeds, is associated with healthy estrogen metabolism, Larson writes.
Duluth News Tribune (Minn.) (3/12) 
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Dietitians recommend fruits that fit with a low-carb diet
Including fruit in a keto or low-carbohydrate diet can be a challenge because of the sugar content, which can interfere with ketosis, according to dietitians. Registered dietitian Jillian Kubala recommended high-fiber, nutrient-dense fruits that are low on the glycemic index, such as berries, grapefruit, cherries, and apples, and registered dietitian nutritionist Leslie Bonci said tomatoes, olives and prunes also are good choices.
Insider (3/14) 
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Pop-up restaurant gives dietetic students hands-on experience
Murray State University seniors majoring in nutrition and dietetics will each manage a pop-up restaurant at a campus dining hall, creating a meal theme and menu, as part of their capstone class. Professor Karen Byrd said the project helps students understand the challenges of planning a menu that meets dietary guidelines and also encompasses elements learned in nutrition, food and science, marketing and other courses they have taken.
The Murray State News (Murray State University) (3/14) 
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Science & Research
Study links lifestyle intervention to reduced diabetes risk in HIV
UK researchers analyzed 28 adults with HIV and impaired fasting glucose between 6 mmol/L and 6.9 mmol/L, mean age of 54, and found that after six months of participating in a lifestyle intervention program, participants had reductions in fasting glucose, fasting insulin, glucose and insulin incremental area under the curve, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide iAUC, homoeostatic model of assessment of insulin resistance score, triglycerides, waist circumference, weight and 10-year cardiovascular risk. The findings in Diabetic Medicine also revealed that 22% of participants achieved more than the median of five individual goals, the most common of which was reducing sodium intake.
Healio (free registration)/Endocrine Today (3/14) 
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Journal Review
Here are this week's links to emerging research, briefs, systematic reviews and case studies from publications focusing on the science of food, nutrition and dietetics.
Prevention & Well-Being
Midday nap may help lower BP levels, study finds
Greek researchers evaluated 212 individuals with a mean blood pressure of 129.9 mm Hg, average age of 62, and found that those who took a nap at midday had a 5.3 mm Hg reduction in systolic BP, compared with those who did not take a midday nap. The study, to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's annual conference, revealed that each additional 60 minutes of napping time was associated with 3 mm Hg drop in average 24-hour systolic BP.
Medical News Today (3/13) 
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Study: Global youth health, well-being examined
Researchers found that nearly 20% of adolescents worldwide between ages 10 and 24 were overweight or obese in 2016, a 120% increase compared with 1990, but the number of those who smoked daily dropped by 20% during the same time period. The findings were published in The Lancet and showed that young women ages 15 to 24 were nearly three times more likely to be uneducated and unemployed than their male peers.
The Indian Express online (India) (3/13),  United Press International (3/13) 
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Institutional Foodservice
District's free meal program exceeds expectations
District's free meal program exceeds expectations
(John Moore/Getty Images)
A New York state school district has served about 50,000 more lunches and more than 42,000 additional breakfasts since adopting a universal, free meal program. Terry Warwick, the district's director of food services, says the uptick exceeded the district's expectations as school breakfast participation increased by 74%.
Oswego County Today (Fulton, N.Y.) (3/13) 
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Recipe of the Day
Sunshine smoothie
This sunshine smoothie is packed with Vitamin C and protein. Nutrition A La Natalie
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Academy News
Academy Foundation thanks Board of Directors, volunteers and reviewers
The Academy Foundation thanks the 2018-19 Board of Directors, volunteers and reviewers who have worked tirelessly on behalf of the nutrition and dietetics profession.
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Colorectal Cancer: Understanding risks, new screening guidelines and lifestyle recommendations
In this Food & Nutrition Magazine article, learn the latest on updated screening guidelines, risk reduction and nutrition care during and after treatment for colon and rectal cancers.
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When choosing fruits on the keto diet, you should opt for nutrient-dense, high-fiber options that are low on the glycemic index.
RD Jillian Kubala, as quoted by Insider
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