A UK study in the Journal of Public Health found lesbian and bisexual women had a 14% higher risk of being overweight or obese, compared with heterosexual women. The results are similar to those found in US studies, and Jane McElroy, an associate professor at the University of Missouri, said research is needed to find out the reason for the disparity.
Registered dietitian Jean Larson writes that phytonutrients in plants are associated with benefits such as detoxifying the body, promoting immunity, and aiding the heart and vascular systems. The phytonutrient allicin, found in garlic, may help protect the cardiovascular system and fight inflammation, while lignans, a phytonutrient in flax seeds, is associated with healthy estrogen metabolism, Larson writes.
Including fruit in a keto or low-carbohydrate diet can be a challenge because of the sugar content, which can interfere with ketosis, according to dietitians. Registered dietitian Jillian Kubala recommended high-fiber, nutrient-dense fruits that are low on the glycemic index, such as berries, grapefruit, cherries, and apples, and registered dietitian nutritionist Leslie Bonci said tomatoes, olives and prunes also are good choices.
Murray State University seniors majoring in nutrition and dietetics will each manage a pop-up restaurant at a campus dining hall, creating a meal theme and menu, as part of their capstone class. Professor Karen Byrd said the project helps students understand the challenges of planning a menu that meets dietary guidelines and also encompasses elements learned in nutrition, food and science, marketing and other courses they have taken.
UK researchers analyzed 28 adults with HIV and impaired fasting glucose between 6 mmol/L and 6.9 mmol/L, mean age of 54, and found that after six months of participating in a lifestyle intervention program, participants had reductions in fasting glucose, fasting insulin, glucose and insulin incremental area under the curve, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide iAUC, homoeostatic model of assessment of insulin resistance score, triglycerides, waist circumference, weight and 10-year cardiovascular risk. The findings in Diabetic Medicine also revealed that 22% of participants achieved more than the median of five individual goals, the most common of which was reducing sodium intake.
Greek researchers evaluated 212 individuals with a mean blood pressure of 129.9 mm Hg, average age of 62, and found that those who took a nap at midday had a 5.3 mm Hg reduction in systolic BP, compared with those who did not take a midday nap. The study, to be presented at the American College of Cardiology's annual conference, revealed that each additional 60 minutes of napping time was associated with 3 mm Hg drop in average 24-hour systolic BP.
Researchers found that nearly 20% of adolescents worldwide between ages 10 and 24 were overweight or obese in 2016, a 120% increase compared with 1990, but the number of those who smoked daily dropped by 20% during the same time period. The findings were published in The Lancet and showed that young women ages 15 to 24 were nearly three times more likely to be uneducated and unemployed than their male peers.
A New York state school district has served about 50,000 more lunches and more than 42,000 additional breakfasts since adopting a universal, free meal program. Terry Warwick, the district's director of food services, says the uptick exceeded the district's expectations as school breakfast participation increased by 74%.