Study links intermittent fasting to weight loss | RD: Low-sodium diet may not be best choice for active women | Dietitians compare Mediterranean, paleo diets
December 6, 2019
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Healthy Start
Study links intermittent fasting to weight loss
A small study published in Cell Metabolism found that women with metabolic syndrome who had intermittent fasting for 12 weeks lost 3.3 kg of their body weight and also had reductions in body mass index, waist circumference, body fat and visceral fat. Researchers also found time-restricted eating had favorable effects on cardiometabolic parameters, such as reductions in LDL cholesterol, total cholesterol and non-HDL cholesterol, as well as significant reductions in diastolic and systolic blood pressure, and in A1C levels among those with elevated fasting blood glucose levels at baseline.
Medscape (free registration) (12/5) 
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Dietary Health
RD: Low-sodium diet may not be best choice for active women
Studies and nutrition experts have come to different conclusions about the health risks of sodium, but registered dietitian Sally Kuzemchak says a low-sodium diet may not be a good choice for everyone, such as active and fit women. RD Rachel Johnson says too much sodium can lead to hypertension, but one study showed that while reducing sodium may lower blood pressure, it also led to higher triglycerides and cholesterol and hormones that may increase insulin resistance.
Shape online (12/5) 
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Dietitians compare Mediterranean, paleo diets
The Mediterranean and paleo diets both call for eating less processed foods and can lead to weight loss, but the paleo eating plan is more restrictive and can be difficult to follow long-term. Registered dietitian Lindsey Kane says the Mediterranean diet is more of an eating pattern focused on nutrient-rich whole foods, while registered dietitian nutritionist Lori Chong says the paleo diet is based on eating like people did in the Paleolithic era, before farming and food production were developed.
U.S. News & World Report (12/4) 
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Science & Research
Disordered eating more likely in young teens with social media use
Young adolescents who had Facebook, Instagram, Tumblr and Snapchat accounts, but not girls with Facebook and Instagram, scored significantly higher in a test measuring disordered eating thoughts, while those with more social media accounts had higher scores for disordered eating thoughts and behaviors, according to an Australian study in the International Journal of Eating Disorders. Researchers also found elevated prevalence of disordered eating behaviors, as well as weight and shape over-evaluations, among boys with Facebook, Instagram and Snapchat and among girls with Tumblr and Snapchat.
Healio (free registration) (12/5) 
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Report: Urban schools need more nutrition education
School meals are getting healthier, but urban school districts have not focused enough time and resources on nutrition education, according to the CDC's 2018 School Health Profiles Report, released this month. The report notes that many cities have poor records when it comes to making nutrition education a requirement, such as Boston, where only 29.4% of schools require it and in San Francisco, where 41.1% of schools have such a rule.
United Press International (12/5) 
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Journal Review
Here are this week's links to emerging research, briefs, systematic reviews and case studies from publications focusing on the science of food, nutrition and dietetics.
Prevention & Well-Being
IDF Atlas: Diabetes cases decreasing in high-income areas
The number of diabetes cases in high-income countries are decreasing despite the steady increase in cases overall, according to the International Diabetes Federation Atlas that was presented at the IDF Congress. The findings, based on data from 221 countries, also showed that 1 in 11 adults aged 20 to 79 and 1 in 5 people aged older than 65 had diabetes, and 11.3% of deaths worldwide were associated with diabetes.
Medscape (free registration) (12/4) 
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WHO, CDC report on recent global increase in measles cases, deaths
The World Health Organization reported that measles cases around the world rose from 7,585,900 in 2017 to 9,769,400 in 2018, while measles-related deaths increased from 124,000 to 142,300 during the same period, with most deaths involving unvaccinated children. Meanwhile, a study in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report showed that although yearly global measles incidence and deaths dropped between 2000 and 2018 and vaccination prevented 23.2 million deaths during that period, the number of infections and deaths have increased since 2016.
Reuters (12/6),  Physician's Briefing/HealthDay News (12/5) 
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Institutional Foodservice
Is chocolate milk making a comeback in schools?
Is chocolate milk making a comeback in schools?
(Unsplash)
Several school districts are taking steps to begin serving chocolate milk in cafeterias, reversing earlier decisions to take flavored milk off their shelves. The Institute of Medicine is among the groups that support serving chocolate milk in schools, saying that offering the flavored option increases milk consumption overall.
Education Week (tiered subscription model) (12/3) 
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Recipe of the Day
Poached pears with caramel sauce
This dessert makes a delicious, flavorful addition to holiday meals. Eatright.org
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Academy News
Rolling Pins: Ready to Roll
In the late 1800s, J.W. Reed patented the dough kneader and roller, which helped bakers and chefs knead and evenly roll out dough while also limiting the contact with food using bare hands. Learn more about this kitchen tool by reading the latest issue of Food & Nutrition Magazine.
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Dec. 10 Campaign Rules webinar
The Nominating Committee will hold an informational webinar on Dec. 10 at noon Central time about the Academy's National Campaign Rules. This interactive session will provide details and clarification of the campaign rules and how you can take an active role in the 2020 election process.
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The Mediterranean diet is not a diet at all, but an eating pattern that focuses on nutrient-rich, high quality whole foods.
RD Lindsey Kane, as quoted by U.S. News & World Report
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The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics works with the Nutrition and Dietetics SmartBrief to share the most relevant, current food and nutrition consumer news stories. Links to these articles are provided for the convenience of nutrition and dietetics and health care professionals to be informed about the trends, studies and fads being covered in the media in order to best address the topics clients, patients and communities are hearing about. News and editorial content for this brief is curated by SmartBrief editors, and is not selected by the Academy, with the exception of the Academy News section. Opinions expressed in the Nutrition and Dietetics SmartBrief are those of the identified authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of the Academy.

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