July 30, 2021
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Healthy Start
A study presented at the Alzheimer's Association International Conference suggests that high sugar intake might increase a person's risk of developing Alzheimer's disease. "Most sugars readily convert to glucose, whose metabolism is regulated by insulin and the insulin-mediated glucose transporter GLUT4, which is highly expressed in the hippocampus and may play a role in memory," researcher Christopher Ford said.
Full Story: Healio (free registration) (7/29) 
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Improved Tolerance with Whey Peptide Formula
When pediatric home enteral nutrition patients on standard intact protein formulas switched to whey peptide-based diets, namely Peptamen Junior® formulas, symptoms of intolerance (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea constipation and abdominal distention) improved significantly. Learn More
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Dietary Health
Registered dietitian Cynthia Sass writes that a raw vegan diet is based on two principles: eating only 100% plant-based foods and eating foods that are not cooked above the temperature of 118ºF. Though following this diet may make it more challenging to get enough vitamins D and B12, calcium, iron and zinc, Sass explains it is effective in preventing people from consuming ultra-processed foods, which are associated with conditions such as obesity, type 2 diabetes, cancer and heart diseases.
Full Story: Health (7/28) 
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Registered dietitian Jessica Green says serving size is a standardized amount of food that can be used as a guide on how a person must eat throughout the day, while portion size refers to the amount of food a person is going to eat at once. Utilizing both measurements can help a person get a better sense of their overall diet, Green says.
Full Story: Real Simple (7/29) 
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Science & Research
Children diagnosed with type 2 diabetes had a greater likelihood of developing adverse health conditions -- such as eye disease, nerve damage and kidney disease -- before age 30, according to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine. The study also showed Black and Hispanic children were 80% and 57% more likely, respectively, to develop later complications than white children.
Full Story: HealthDay News (7/29) 
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Individuals who were born small for gestational age exhibited limited exercise capacity and minor differences in right ventricular geometry at rest, compared with controls, researchers reported in JAMA Cardiology. The findings were based on data from 158 young adults.
Full Story: Medscape (free registration)/Reuters (7/28) 
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Journal Review
Here are this week's links to emerging research, briefs, systematic reviews and case studies from publications focusing on the science of food, nutrition and dietetics.
Prevention & Well-Being
The CDC has issued COVID-19 testing recommendations urging fully vaccinated people to get tested three to five days after exposure to the virus even if they don't experience symptoms. Prior recommendations indicated fully vaccinated people only needed testing after exposure if they were symptomatic.
Full Story: The New York Times (7/30) 
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US Surgeon General Vivek Murthy said the US must do everything possible to increase COVID-19 vaccination rates as the Delta variant continues to fuel infections across the country, particularly in areas with low vaccination coverage. States that have fully vaccinated fewer than 50% of residents are seeing almost triple the hospitalization rates and more than double the COVID-19 infection and death rates, on average, compared with states where more than half of residents have been vaccinated.
Full Story: CNN (7/30) 
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Foodservice Management
Mass. middle school to open updated cafeteria
(Getty Images/Getty Images)
Parker Middle School in Massachusetts' Chelmsford Public Schools has overhauled its school cafeteria and named it "The Hungry Lion Cafe," featuring a typical lunch line, a salad bar, deli line, and a pizza and chicken wing line with other snack foods available. Nancy Antolini, the district's nutrition director and president-elect of the School Nutrition Association of Massachusetts, said the redesigned cafeteria and kitchen -- equipped with many new appliances -- will operate more efficiently and allow for more made-from-scratch menu options.
Full Story: The Sun (Lowell, Mass.) (7/28) 
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Recipe of the Day
Mango overnight oats
These overnight oats are a fun and delicious way to incorporate mango into your breakfast. Chef Abbie Gellman
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Academy News
During the start of the COVID-19 pandemic, Congress allowed Medicare to expand coverage of telehealth visits. Previously, telehealth visits were restricted to beneficiaries living in rural or medically underserved areas. Last week, the Academy joined 429 other organizations in a letter to congressional leaders requesting they permanently remove outdated location restrictions on telehealth access and ensure that federally qualified health centers, critical access hospitals, and rural health clinics can furnish services via telehealth. Learn more about these recommendations, which align with the telehealth policy stance that the Academy unveiled in April. Also, members can share their feedback for future plans for telehealth practice via the latest Member Engagement Zone survey.
The Academy is proposing an amendment to the organization's Bylaws that would shift responsibility for voting on changes to the Bylaws from the House of Delegates to the Board of Directors. Members are urged to complete a survey on whether you support the proposed changes. The comment period closes tomorrow, July 31.
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There are two basic tenets of raw veganism. The first is the inclusion of only 100% plant-based foods ... [and the second] is that no food is heated above 118ºF.
RD Cynthia Sass, writing in Health
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The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics works with the Nutrition and Dietetics SmartBrief to share the most relevant, current food and nutrition consumer news stories. Links to these articles are provided for the convenience of nutrition and dietetics and health care professionals to be informed about the trends, studies and fads being covered in the media in order to best address the topics clients, patients and communities are hearing about. News and editorial content for this brief is curated by SmartBrief editors, and is not selected by the Academy, with the exception of the Academy News section. Opinions expressed in the Nutrition and Dietetics SmartBrief are those of the identified authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of the Academy.

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