April 21, 2021
Animal Health SmartBrief
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Veterinary Medicine Update
Tick-borne diseases including Lyme disease are occurring more frequently in Ohio as tick populations grow, with 3,800 cases of canine Lyme disease recorded in Ohio in the first quarter of this year alone, write veterinarians Josh and Marya Teders. "Since we know that it is common to have flea and tick activity now and truly throughout the rest of the seasons, it is undoubtedly a great idea to use a preventative to keep pets safe and healthy," they write.
Full Story: The Columbus Dispatch (Ohio) (tiered subscription model) (4/19) 
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A SARS-CoV-2 variant found in mink is less capable of infecting human cells than other variants but is at least somewhat resistant to human antibodies to the virus, according to a study in Cell Reports. Researchers have catalogued mutations in the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 variants found in mink on farms in Europe, and the specific mutation studied has also been found in infected ferrets.
Full Story: Ars Technica (4/20) 
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Viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus is present in Wisconsin waters farther inland and in more water bodies than previously known, according to a study in the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. Researchers tested fish for antibodies using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect past exposure in economically important sport fish and found VHSV antibodies in fish in 37 of 46 inland water bodies.
Full Story: University of Wisconsin (Madison) (4/19) 
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Haemonchus contortus, or barber pole worms, are developing resistance to common dewormers, but moxidectin is still effective, according to a report in the Sheep and Goat Research Journal. The intestinal parasite needs water and lush grass to thrive, and the drug-resistant parasites were found in sheep grazing irrigated land in the Intermountain West, says Whit Stewart, a sheep specialist with the University of Wyoming's extension service.
Full Story: Southeast Farm Press (4/16) 
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Zoonotic disease surveillance programs failed to stop SARS-CoV-2 from causing a pandemic, and monitoring the health of people who have frequent, close contact with animals may be a better way to prevent future epidemics and pandemics, experts wrote in the journal Viruses. It is difficult to predict which animal viruses will spill over to humans, not all viruses that spill over can spread from person to person, and those that do so gain that ability gradually, meaning scientists "can catch viruses while they're crossing over before they fully adapted to humans," says infectious disease epidemiologist Gregory Gray.
Full Story: National Public Radio (4/20) 
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African horse sickness virus spread by biting midges has killed hundreds of equids in Thailand since an outbreak began a year ago, but health authorities may be getting a handle on the outbreak with a coordinated vaccination campaign, strict quarantine rules and robust insect control measures. "Since the detection of the first outbreak in Asia, the [World Organization for Animal Health] has mobilized its resources, as well as its network of experts and partners, to support member countries in their prevention and control efforts, in collaboration with local key stakeholders," said veterinarian Matthew Stone, the organization's deputy directorate general.
Full Story: The Horse (4/20) 
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Want to know more about Animal Welfare?
Penn Vet's Online Graduate Programs offer advanced training for veterinarians wanting to learn more about improving animal welfare and the challenges facing animals, organizations, and industries. To learn more, contact us at awbprogram@upenn.edu or sign up for an information session.
Animal News
Veterinarian Charlotte Maxwell-Jones has been receiving more calls at her Kabul, Afghanistan, clinic from US service members who have adopted pets and want to take them home as camps and bases close. Many service members skirt rules against befriending local dogs and cats and become attached to them, says helicopter pilot Stephanie Hall, who brought two dogs and two cats back to the US in February.
Full Story: Stars and Stripes (tiered subscription model) (4/20) 
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Protection for pets against vector-borne diseases
Vector-borne diseases are on the rise - between 2004 and 2016, diseases caused by tick and flea bites tripled. To address the threat, the CDC recommends taking steps to control mosquitoes, ticks and fleas inside and outside the home. Unfortunately, while 60% of US households own a pet, fewer pet owners are seeking expert advice. Download this infographic to better inform and protect your patients.
Around the Office
Employees should be able to quickly grasp organizational mission, values, policies, strategies, culture and performance ratings, but resist making these things so simplistic that they lose their meaning, writes TalentTelligent co-founder Bob Eichinger. "Consider being parsimonious -- meaning, to be as short and simple as needed to get the intention of the message across," he writes.
Full Story: SmartBrief/Leadership (4/20) 
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AVMA Today
The May 1 edition of JAVMA News is now available online. In this issue: SAVMA president Hidayah Martinez-Jaka to elevate other voices; being Black in a white profession; third COVID relief bill helps veterinarians; and much more. Read the May 1 issue of JAVMA News.
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The news summaries appearing in Animal Health SmartBrief are based on original information from news organizations and are produced by SmartBrief, Inc., an independent e-mail newsletter publisher. The AVMA is not responsible for the content of sites that are external to the AVMA. Linking to a website does not constitute an endorsement by the AVMA of the site or the information presented on the site. Questions and comments should be directed to SmartBrief at avma@smartbrief.com.
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