Scientists at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne in Switzerland are using virtual reality to "trick" the brain into feeling sensation through a prosthetic hand. A VR glove provides an artificial tactile sensation on a finger that triggers a nerve in the residual limb.
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Prosthetic limbs with microprocessors and high-tech materials are featured on athletes participating in Australia's Invictus Games. New materials help alleviate pain near the limb socket, improving comfort and allowing athletes to wear the prosthetic limbs for longer periods, while in-built computing improves performance.
Australian researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 39 studies involving 359,783 diabetes patients and found those with stress hyperglycemia were at an increased risk for poorer outcomes after stroke and mortality, compared with the general population. The findings in the Journal of Diabetes Investigation revealed that those with high A1C levels had higher mortality rates and stroke recurrence and severity.
Seventy-nine percent of adults with prediabetes had a weight loss of at least 8% after an initial two-month intensive weight loss program using low-calorie meal substitutes, while 96% of those who remained in the study over three years did not develop type 2 diabetes and 22% no longer had prediabetes. The findings were based on a cohort of 2,326 adults, ages 25 to 70, and presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meeting.
A study in JCI Insight showed that a treatment based on the interleukin-2 protein worked best among type 1 diabetes patients when administered every three days. UK researchers analyzed the blood samples of 36 diabetes patients and stated that they will use their findings to investigate the effect of the IL-2 treatment on insulin production.
Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said Senate Republicans are not satisfied with how the Affordable Care Act is performing and may attempt again to repeal the law, but the feasibility depends on the results of next month's midterm election. "If we had the votes to completely start over, we'd do it. But that depends on what happens in a couple weeks," McConnell said.
Retired Army Col. Michael Heimall, named this week as director of the Washington, D.C., VA Medical Center, is reportedly on a mission to address shortcomings cited in a recent report and get the medical center off the list of those at "critical" risk. Heimall has been a fellow at the American College of Healthcare Executives since 2007 and was chief of staff at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center from 2015 to 2017.
Dick Traum lost his leg in an accident and became the first amputee to run a marathon with an artificial leg 42 years ago. Achilles International, Traum's nonprofit organization, encourages other amputees to compete in marathons.
O&P practitioners need to decide their Medicare participation status for 2019 as the end of 2018 draws near, writes Joseph McTernan, director of reimbursement services for the American Orthotic and Prosthetic Association. Practitioners should also know the rules when giving gifts to consumers and referral sources, McTernan writes.