A survey study conducted by Care.com indicated that 53% of working mothers feel heightened stress and other pandemic-related caregiving issues have interfered with their job satisfaction. Only 14% of women surveyed said their employers offered benefits to help with child care.
The World Health Organization formally recognized job burnout as a medical diagnosis two years ago, and research shows it has increased significantly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Burnout may have serious effects on mental and physical health, so identifying triggers and learning resilience-building techniques can be especially helpful.
A study published in the journal Obesity found that adults with obesity who underwent a cycling exercise program for eight weeks experienced a reduction in visceral adiposity, as well as increase in insulin sensitivity and maximal oxygen consumption, compared with baseline. There were no changes in gut microbiota α- or β-diversity after the study period, but there was an increase in the number of three gut microbiome genera: Ruminococcus gauvreauii, Lachnospiraceae and Anaerostipes.
Forty percent of people with COVID-19 who required hospitalization developed memory issues, compared with 16% of those who were treated as outpatients, researchers reported in JAMA Network Open, and patients who had been hospitalized were also more likely to have slower cognition and attention problems. The results raise concerns about functional disability and risk of neurodegenerative diseases, said co-author Jacqueline Becker.
Public health experts, including former CDC Director Tom Frieden, say producing COVID-19 vaccines in hard-hit, low-resource regions is vital to curb the pandemic and prevent more SARS-CoV-2 variants from emerging. Frieden says producing vaccines in low-income countries is technically feasible, and while the leaders of Pfizer and Moderna say messenger RNA vaccines are too complex to license, drugmakers in Africa, South America and Asia say they already have much of the equipment and expertise they need, and some have already started manufacturing.
A study published in The New England Journal of Medicine found that the risk of excess fluid, internal bleeding and mental confusion rose with the progression of fat-related scarring among people with fatty liver disease. As fatty liver disease progresses, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes and impaired kidney function increases, the researchers said.
A study at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health is looking at what K-12 students with medical complexities need to return to classrooms, including coronavirus-testing strategies. "What we want to learn there is really from the perspective of families. What can schools do or what might be some of the points of focus that will help support families feeling comfortable and having their child in school safely," says Dr. Ryan Woller of Pediatric Hospital Medicine at the university.
A ceremonial bill signing was held Monday for a law enacted Oct. 15 in Massachusetts that will expand access to free school meals for students by mandating that schools with a majority of students from low-income households join federal free meal programs. Local food assistance nonprofit Project Bread estimates that about 10,000 students could benefit from the law.
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Daphne du Maurier, writer
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