Artificial intelligence algorithms may enable radiologists to shorten imaging scan times and increase their productivity and efficiency while lowering burnout and stress as they face post-COVID-19 challenges, Dr. Eliot Siegel of the University of Maryland School of Medicine said at AuntMinnie.com's Fall 2020 Virtual Conference. However, challenges in AI algorithm validation and identifying the gold standard for image interpretation should be addressed, Siegel said.
Radiology experts with 10 years of experience and fellows with six to 24 months of experience had similar performance in diagnosing endometriosis from pelvic MRI scans, but less experienced senior and junior residents had poorer diagnostic performance, according to a study in Academic Radiology. "[I]nterpretation of pelvic MRI with the clinical question of endometriosis requires specific skill and experience," researchers wrote.
A study in the American Journal of Roentgenology found that close to 71% of transgender and nonbinary patients reported having one or more negative imaging encounters, with most unexpected emotional discomfort attributed to ultrasound and image-guided procedures, and nearly one-third said they had to provide gender-related instructions to imaging staff for appropriate care. "Imaging facility leadership should adopt strict policies for ensuring appropriate treatment of TGNB patients and for appropriate management of personnel who fail to comply with these standards," researchers wrote.
Researchers found that the implementation of point-of-care ultrasound in 20 primary care providers prompted management plan changes in 50.9% of patients, including treatment alterations in 26.5% of patients and the reduction of intended secondary care referrals from 49.2% to 25.6%. The findings, published in BMJ Open, indicate the feasibility of POCUS use in general practice, but more studies are needed, researchers wrote.
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The US is reporting an average of more than 43,000 new COVID-19 cases per day and at least 22 states are seeing increases in newly reported infections. CDC Director Robert Redfield told a Senate panel this week that over 90% of the US population is still susceptible to COVID-19, which has already infected about 6.9 million and killed more than 200,000 people across the US.
A study in PLOS Medicine showed Black and Hispanic people were more than two times more likely to test positive for COVID-19 than white people, even after accounting for type of residence, site of care and underlying health conditions. The research, based on health records from over 5.8 million Veterans Affairs patients, did not find any difference in 30-day mortality among the groups.
The House approved legislation that would avoid a government shutdown and fund the federal government through Dec. 11. The measure, which now goes to the Senate, would also extend the deadline for health care providers and hospitals to start repaying Accelerated and Advance Payment Programs relief fund loans enabled under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act.
A bipartisan group of 29 lawmakers sent a letter to House leaders urging them to include a provision in the next pandemic relief package that would lower the qualifying thresholds for getting bonus payments under the advanced alternative payment models. According to the lawmakers, the pandemic will make it difficult for accountable care organizations and other APM participants to meet the current 50% threshold, which will increase to 75% under the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015.
Mammography-related videos on YouTube from nonmedical professionals were viewed nearly 31% more frequently than videos from health professionals, indicating no correlation between the number of views and video quality, according to a study in the Breast Journal. Researchers also found increased odds of greater average view count among physicians with diagnostic radiology training than those trained in other specialties.
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Join the ACR AIRP® Nov. 5-11 and receive a comprehensive review illustrating the basic concepts and radiologic-pathologic correlation in chest imaging to enhance practitioner knowledge and skills. The Thoracic and Cardiovascular Imaging Categorical course will be virtual with both synchronous and asynchronous lecturers. Register now.