The Utah Maternal Mental Health Referral Network has been created as an online resource for women and will have information on 115 providers, including midwives. Maternal Mental Health Specialist Brook Dorff said rates of depression and anxiety during pregnancy and postpartum are increasing, and the goal is to ensure people know where to go for help.
Public health data on California births from 2005 to 2013 showed the risk of preterm birth increased 13% when the weather hit heat-wave status, a study in the journal Environment International showed. The risk of preterm birth increased along with the temperature and duration of the heat wave, but duration appeared to have more of an effect than temperature, said senior author Tarik Benmarhnia.
Women with rheumatoid arthritis had a higher risk of preterm delivery, cesarean delivery, hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and small-for-gestational-age babies, when compared with pregnant women who had spondyloarthritis and those who did not have arthritis, researchers reported in The Journal of Rheumatology. Women with rheumatoid arthritis had higher usage of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids, when compared with the two other groups.
Taking 2,800 units of vitamin D daily during pregnancy was associated with increased bone density in children at age 6 and a lower rate of bone fractures, compared with taking a 400-unit vitamin D supplement, according to a study in JAMA Pediatrics. Greater prenatal vitamin D exposure was most strongly linked to improved childhood bone density among children with mothers who were vitamin D deficient and who gave birth in the winter.
Nancy Messonnier, director of the CDC's National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, urged Americans, businesses and hospitals to prepare for potential community spread of the emerging coronavirus, noting "disruption to everyday life might be severe." CDC Principal Deputy Director Anne Schuchat and HHS Secretary Alex Azar said the immediate risk in the US remains low, but rising cases in other countries suggest the US will see an increase beyond the current 57 documented cases.
Consuming one-quarter to one-third cup of milk daily may increase the risk of breast cancer by 30%, while drinking two to three cups could increase the risk by 70% to 80%, researchers reported in the International Journal of Epidemiology. The study, which followed almost 53,000 North American women for eight years, compared higher milk intakes to lower or no consumption and found little variation in results using full-fat, reduced-fat or nonfat milk.
A study in JAMA Network Open found alcohol-induced deaths from 2000 to 2016 increased between 3.1% and 3.6% per year for women and from 1.4% to 1.8% for men. Rates increased across the country, including urban and rural areas, and wealthier and poorer counties, said lead researcher Susan Spillane.
A study in JAMA Pediatrics showed that twins who were born through in vitro fertilization had a fourfold increased likelihood of developing congenital heart defects, most commonly heart underdevelopment and narrowing of the arteries.