Targeting the liver with ultrasound stimulation could help patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity by interrupting inflammation, researchers found in a study in Scientific Reports. The noninvasive treatment sends satiety signals to the brain, reducing the need for food, researchers said.
Individuals with hypertensive metabolic syndrome who fasted for five days before following a modified Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet experienced reductions in systolic blood pressure, body mass index and the need for antihypertensive medications three months after intervention, compared with those who followed a modified DASH diet without fasting first. The findings published in Nature Communications also indicate that periods of fasting and refeeding could help lower the cardiometabolic risk heightened by a Western diet, researchers said.
A study published in Gut links specific dietary patterns with mucosal protection and inflammatory response. "Processed foods and animal-derived foods were consistently associated with higher abundances of Firmicutes, Ruminococcus species of the Blautia genus and endotoxin synthesis pathways," the researchers wrote, while "the opposite was found for plant foods and fish, which were positively associated with short-chain fatty acid-producing commensals and pathways of nutrient metabolism."
Exercise was associated with a 9.5% reduction in liver steatosis and a 6.8% decrease in liver stiffness for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, independent of weight loss, according to a study published in JHEP Reports. Exercise also was associated with a decrease in inflammation and oxidative stress, and improved muscle strength.
A study in the Journal of Endocrinology found obesity as determined by body mass index was associated with heavier menstrual bleeding. In the study of 121 women, fibroids are the only other factor analyzed that significantly added to obesity as a predictor of heavy bleeding.
A study in the journal Gut found that processed foods and those derived from animals were consistently tied to a higher number of groups of bacteria related to gut inflammation, while plant foods and fish were tied to "short-chain fatty acid-producing commensals and pathways of nutrient metabolism." The findings, based on data from 1,425 individuals, suggest that a healthful diet consisting of fruits, vegetables, plant-based proteins, fish, nuts and low-fat fermented dairy could help promote gut bacteria that provides anti-inflammatory effects.
A meta-analysis published in the American Journal of Preventive Cardiology found that the risk for ischemic heart disease mortality was lower among those who followed a vegetarian diet, compared with those who followed a nonvegetarian diet. However, the findings, based on data from eight studies encompassing 131,869 individuals, found no associations between a vegetarian diet and cerebrovascular mortality or all-cause mortality.
A study of 41 young adults published in the journal Nutrients found links between how much people exercise and the quantity of food they eat. Study author Karsten Köhler said study participants reported significant appetite increases directly after exercising, likely influenced by anorexigenic hormones.
Health systems should harness telehealth to improve patients' lives by decreasing the overall burden of illness and making the health care system more equitable, says Eric Wallace, medical director of telehealth at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. "There are a number of tools at our disposal now, but we need to implement them in a way that we can redesign a health care system that is better, more resilient and one that we're proud of," Wallace said in a presentation during the virtual Cancer Center Survivorship Research Forum.