The risk of developing multiple chronic conditions including type 2 diabetes are three times higher for women who went through menopause at the age of 40 or younger, compared with those who had menopause at an older age, according to a study in the journal Human Reproduction. Researchers analyzed data from 5,000 women aged 45 to 50, and figured that genetic differences tied to premature menopause could also be associated with various chronic illnesses, and that the reduction in estrogen production could hasten the aging process.
Babies whose mothers drank alcohol and smoked after the first trimester of pregnancy had a twelvefold increased likelihood of dying from sudden infant death syndrome, compared with those without prenatal alcohol and tobacco exposure, researchers reported in The Lancet's EClinicalMedicine. The findings, based on data involving almost 12,000 pregnancies, also associated alcohol intake or smoking alone to fourfold and fivefold increased odds of SIDS, respectively.
A study in the journal Nature Immunology showed that a T cell with a receptor targeting the MR1 molecule was able to destroy blood, breast, bone, cervical, colon, kidney, lung, ovarian, prostate and skin cancer cells without affecting normal tissues. The findings suggest that the approach may be used in treating all cancers but more studies are still needed, researchers said.
Asians with dementia had a 14% lower likelihood of being given anti-dementia drug prescriptions and received these drugs for 15 fewer days annually on average, compared with whites, researchers reported in the journal Clinical Epidemiology. The findings also showed that antipsychotic drugs were prescribed 27 days longer among blacks and 17 days longer among Asians, compared with whites.
Novo Nordisk announced that the FDA has approved its application for the expanded indication of its drug Ozempic, or semaglutide, to diminish the risk for major adverse cardiovascular events in adult patients with type 2 diabetes who have been previously diagnosed with heart disease. The approval was based on data from its SUSTAIN 6 trial.
Millennials are more likely than other generations of American adults to believe at least some false claims about vaccines' risks, underestimate the dangers posed by influenza and skip flu vaccines, according to research by the American Academy of Family Physicians. Eighty-six percent of millennials polled answered at least one question about the flu incorrectly, 31% got all the answers wrong, and about 61% who are familiar with the anti-vaccination movement said they agree with some of the rhetoric.
Researchers who used the EXPLORER PET/CT total body scanner and advanced data reconstruction approaches were able to produce a video providing clear and real-time capture of radioactive tracer movement to the heart and the rest of the body, as well as cardiac contraction changes and end-systolic and end-diastolic phase delineation. The findings were published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The CDC warned against the use of e-cigarettes containing tetrahydrocannabinol in an update of last year's broader recommendations advising against all use of e-cigarettes, but the agency still discourages use of any type of e-cigarette by youths, pregnant women and nonsmokers. The agency said 82% of sickened patients for whom data is available reported use of products containing THC.
A lawsuit filed by 14 states, New York City and the District of Columbia seeks to block federal rules that would create stricter work requirements for Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program beneficiaries. Congress did not include the tougher provisions in the 2018 farm bill, and the lawsuit contends that the administration did not properly use the rulemaking process in implementing them.
The January 2020 issue of JNP is open for any and all readers throughout 2020. Each year, the first issue is freely available so that NPs and others can see full text articles and better understand the journal as a benefit of AANP membership. If you know someone who is not yet a member of AANP, this is a great opportunity for them to experience this valuable member benefit! For AANP members, full text articles are always available by logging on to the AANP website, navigating to the JNP page, and clicking on the Read JNP button.
There was a substantial increase in registrations over the holiday season for the upcoming 2020 AANP Health Policy Conference. We encourage you to register now! We don't want you to miss out on the opportunity to hear from a variety of government and industry experts as they discuss the priorities of Congress and the Trump Administration as well as their potential impact on nurse practitioners (NPs) and patients. Attendees will develop skills and insight necessary to advocate effectively at the federal level and will have the opportunity to deliver the NP message to elected officials and their staff on Capitol Hill Day. The draft program agenda is located on the AANP website for your review.