Study looks at impact of ADHD through adulthood | Exposure to secondhand smoke may put babies at risk for asthma | Greater stimulation at age 4 boosts later brain development
October 16, 2012
AAP SmartBrief
News for pediatricians and other child health professionals
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Study looks at impact of ADHD through adulthood
Men who were diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in childhood had worse educational and financial outcomes than those without the condition, a study showed. Researchers also noted that men with ADHD as boys were more likely to be divorced, abuse drugs and show signs of antisocial behavior. The findings appear in the Archives of General Psychiatry.
Reuters (10/15) 
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Why Bad Bosses Sabotage Their Teams
Ever been undermined at work? Here's what you can do. Learn more from research by Kellogg School of Management Professor Jon Maner.
Pediatric Health Care
Exposure to secondhand smoke may put babies at risk for asthma
The changes in the airway's smooth muscle cells caused by exposure to cigarette smoke were the same as the effects of inflammation in asthma, a study showed. Researchers studied cells from the airways of deceased fetuses and found that greater smoke exposure caused cell death. The study was presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists meeting. News (10/15) 
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Greater stimulation at age 4 boosts later brain development
Getting more cognitive stimulation from books, educational toys or musical instruments at age 4 improved the development of several parts of the cortex during late adolescence, a study found. Researchers noted that such stimulation at age 8 and parental nurturance had no lasting impact on brain development. The findings were presented at the Society for Neuroscience meeting.
The Guardian (London) (10/14) 
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"Mother's kiss" effective for dislodging items stuck in children's noses
A technique for removing foreign objects stuck in children's nasal passages known as the "mother's kiss" is safe and effective, with a success rate of almost 60%, according to a study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. Researchers analyzed eight reports of using the technique on children aged 1 to 8 and found no complications.
WebMD (10/15) 
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Researchers: Young children need 3 hours of exercise daily
A commentary in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine says medical organizations in Australia, the U.K. and the U.S. agree that children younger than 6 should be active for at least three hours a day, spread throughout the day. Researchers said, however, that studies have yet to determine how much physical activity is needed for young children to avoid obesity. (10/15) 
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Trends & Technology
Data reveal uptick in physician office visits
Primary care visits from patients with insurance rose to 12.7 patients per day in the third quarter of 2012, compared with 12.4 per day during the same period last year, while visits to specialists also inched up, according to Truven Health Analytics. Accountable care organizations, patient-centered medical homes, and other federal and private initiatives designed to improve health care and curb costs may explain the uptick, a Truven official said.
American Medical News (free content) (10/15) 
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Health Policy & Regulations
Agency invests nearly $230M to improve primary care access
HHS invested nearly $230 million in the National Health Service Corps this year to aid doctors and nurses while bolstering primary care access, the agency announced. Close to 4,600 loan repayment grants and scholarships were awarded to health care professionals and students, and grants to 32 states were included in the investments. (10/12) 
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The Last Word - News from the AAP
New 7th edition - Guidelines for Perinatal Care
Developed jointly by the AAP Committee on Fetus and Newborn and the ACOG Committee on Obstetric Practice, the 7th edition of this book has been revised and updated to reflect current scientific data, professional opinion and clinical advances in perinatal care.
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Learn more about 2D barcoding
The CDC 2D Barcoding Pilot program is under way in pediatric offices. Equipment has been installed, and offices have begun scanning available products. GlaxoSmithKline also recently announced the rollout of 2D barcoded vaccines in the coming year. For an update on these efforts, visit the AAP Immunization website and the CDC website.
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It is only in sorrow bad weather masters us; in joy we face the storm and defy it.
Amelia Barr,
British novelist
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This news roundup is provided as a timely update to AAP members and other health professionals about child health topics in the media. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of pediatricians who may find them of use in discussions with patients or colleagues.
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