A study presented at the annual meeting of the Pediatric Academic Societies showed using diabetes genotype risk score assessments helped predict adult type 2 diabetes onset in white and black adolescents.
Using X-ray crystallography, U.K. researchers found how to block leptin receptors, which may help stave off obesity-related diseases, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Understanding the atomic structure of the receptor also could lead to the development of new drugs, researchers said. The findings appear in Structure.
IRIDEX introduced the MicroPulse Laser Trabeculoplasty, a noninvasive, in-office glaucoma treatment that can be used for diabetic macular edema, retinal tears and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The company unveiled the new procedure at the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery meeting.
The costs of the rising rate of obesity in the U.S. for government, businesses and individuals are greater than previously estimated and are spurring efforts to find solutions to the obesity epidemic. Research estimates that obesity-related absenteeism costs employers up to $6.4 billion a year, while "presenteeism" due to obesity comes in at about $30 billion a year. A study calculated $190 billion annually in additional medical spending as a result of obesity, higher than previous estimates.
Low-income mothers with babies younger than 6 months who reported being food insecure showed controlling feeding practices -- such as food restriction and pressuring -- which might increase the risk of childhood obesity, a study revealed. Researchers also found that food-insecure mothers were more likely than non-insecure counterparts to be worried that their child might become overweight. The results were presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies annual meeting and will be published in Pediatrics.
Abdominal and ectopic fat depots were already prevalent during childhood and play key roles in abnormal metabolic parameters in children, according to an analysis of imaging studies in Obesity Reviews. However, the patterns and contributions of visceral, intramuscular and hepatic fats in metabolic parameters in children were still unclear, researchers said.
Strategies implemented by physician practices to address EHR training for new employees should include three key stages, starting with teaching the fundamentals of EHRs to new hires. Practices should also enable new employees to shadow other staff members for at least a day to understand how the system fits within the workflow. Super EHR users must also support the new employees once they start using EHRs alone, says Dr. Rishi Agrawal of La Rabida Children's Hospital in Chicago.
The Passport to Trust foundation is developing a Web-based health dashboard called the Digital Passport to Trust that will ensure care coordination by creating a communication platform for doctors and other health care providers. The platform, set to be introduced in the next six to nine months, will have the capacity to store information and care plans that can be easily understood and accessed by providers and patients.
GI Dynamics' EndoBarrier gastrointestinal sleeve can be reimplanted in obese patients who have previously been treated with the device without complications, according to a 19-patient study. The findings were presented at the 5th Congress of the International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders in Barcelona, Spain.
The NIH's National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute awarded researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill a four-year, $2.4 million grant to be used in finding genetic variations that may bolster type 2 diabetes treatments and curb heart disease.