Study looks at children's exposure to background TV | More U.S. children are hospitalized for serious abuse injuries | Sleep deprivation raises type 2 diabetes risk in teens
October 1, 2012
AAP SmartBrief
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Study looks at children's exposure to background TV
Children are exposed to almost four hours a day of background TV, according to a study in the journal Pediatrics. Researchers reported even higher levels of background TV exposure among children who were very young, black or from the poorest families.
USA Today (9/30) 
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More U.S. children are hospitalized for serious abuse injuries
U.S. researchers looked at records from surveys of 2,500 or more hospitals and found that cases of serious injuries from child abuse -- mostly fractures, open wounds and traumatic brain injuries -- slightly rose between 1997 and 2009. They also reported in the journal Pediatrics that babies younger than age 1 were more likely to be hospitalized than older children.
Reuters (10/1) 
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Pediatric Health Care
Sleep deprivation raises type 2 diabetes risk in teens
Lack of sleep was linked to higher levels of insulin resistance in teens, increasing their risk of developing type 2 diabetes, a study in the journal SLEEP indicated. The researchers found that one extra hour of sleep was associated with a 9% improvement in insulin resistance in teens who usually slept for only six hours a night. (9/30) 
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Decline in birth defects seen among babies conceived through ART
Data on more than 207,000 births in Western Australia from 1994 to 2002 showed a decline in the number of babies conceived through assisted reproduction techniques who were diagnosed with a birth defect by age 6. Researchers said that improvements in clinical practice may have played a role in lowering the number of birth defects among ART babies. The findings appear in journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.
Reuters (9/28) 
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Research ties maternal atrazine exposure to nasal cavity defect
Women who resided in counties in Texas with the highest use of the herbicide atrazine had an 80% higher risk of having children with choanal atresia than women in counties with the lowest atrazine use, a study in the Journal of Pediatrics found.
HealthDay News (9/28) 
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Study looks at pain variability among juvenile arthritis patients
Canadian researchers assessed 112 8- to 18-year-olds with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and found that 65% of them experienced high within-day variability in pain. The study in the journal Arthritis Care & Research also revealed that high pain variability was linked to lower quality of life. News (9/28) 
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Nighttime cellphone use may harm teens' mental health
Frequent use of cellphones after bedtime among teens was associated with a greater risk of mental health issues such as suicidal thoughts and self-harm, a Japanese study found. Researchers reported in the Journal of Pediatric Psychology that using cellphones late at night was also linked to less sleep. (9/28) 
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Trends & Technology
Kits boost children's use of sun protection behavior
Families who received sun-protection kits in the mail were more likely to be aware of the dangers of sun exposure and change their behavior to better protect themselves from sun damage, according to a study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. The kits increased use of protective clothing and sunscreen among children, researchers said.
HealthDay News (9/30) 
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ONC to help small, rural and critical access hospitals achieve MU
Officials with the Office of the National Coordinator for Health IT have unveiled a challenge designed to help 1,000 small, rural and critical access hospitals achieve meaningful use in the next two years. The hospitals face distinct challenges including limited workforce, clinician shortage and remote geographic location, officials said. The ONC plans to give up to $30 million to Regional Extension Centers to assist providers in rural areas.
Modern Healthcare (subscription required) (9/28),  Healthcare IT News (9/28) 
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The Last Word - News from the AAP
Pediatric Care Online? introduces enhanced searching, Medline
Find answers more quickly than ever with Pediatric Care Online's newly enhanced search. PCO's search display and functionality were recently enhanced for a better search experience with improved results. Searches now include Medline for access to more than 20 million journal articles with citations, abstracts, related articles and links to the publisher's full text. Request a trial subscription from your Mead Johnson representative or call 888-363-2362. For more information, visit
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How Building Your Medical Home Toolkit can work for you
The National Center for Medical Home Implementation has developed a video tutorial for its free online Building Your Medical Home toolkit. The tutorial walks users through the six building blocks of the toolkit, as well as the various tools available. The toolkit supports the primary care practitioner’s development and improvement of a pediatric medical home.
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This news roundup is provided as a timely update to AAP members and other health professionals about child health topics in the media. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of pediatricians who may find them of use in discussions with patients or colleagues.
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