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January 31, 2013
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News for pediatricians and other child health professionals

  Top Stories 
  • Obesity linked to heightened multiple sclerosis risk in girls
    The risk of pediatric multiple sclerosis was slightly greater among overweight and moderately obese teen girls than their normal-weight peers, according to a study in the journal Neurology. Extremely obese girls were three to four times more likely to develop the condition. The link between childhood obesity and MS was not found in boys, researchers said. Reuters (1/30), (1/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Flu vaccine is safe for children with egg allergies, study says
    Children with a history of severe egg allergy, even anaphylaxis, did not experience an allergic reaction following the administration of trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine, U.S. researchers found. They said that a single dose of the vaccine was effective and well-tolerated and that a split dose was unnecessary. The findings appear in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. (1/28)
  Pediatric Health Care 
  • Review finds lack of efficacy for psychological, dietary ADHD therapies
    A review of 54 studies in the American Journal of Psychiatry showed little evidence that nonpharmacological treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, such as psychological or dietary interventions, can reduce symptoms. Parents should not be discouraged because the findings only "demonstrate that what we once thought worked is more limited and more questionable," study co-author Dr. Emily Simonoff said. WebMD/HealthDay News (1/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Antibiotics help treat severe malnutrition in children
    Children with severe acute malnutrition who received cefdinir or amoxicillin along with the usual nutritional treatment had higher survival and recovery rates than the placebo group, U.S. researchers working in Malawi reported in The New England Journal of Medicine. A study published in the journal Science showed that an imbalanced gut microbiome was linked to a severe form of malnutrition called kwashiorkor. The New York Times (tiered subscription model) (1/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Study looks at priming immune responses with polio vaccine
    Cuban researchers looked at 310 babies who received either a fractional dose or full dose of inactivated poliovirus vaccine and found that the administration of a single fractional dose of IPV induced priming immune responses in most babies. They also found cumulative two-dose seroconversion in more than 90% of infants in both groups. The findings were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. News (1/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Study links sweetened drinks and tooth decay in children
    Children who drank three or more sweetened drinks daily had 46% more decayed, filled or missing teeth than did peers who did not consume sweetened drinks, a study of more than 16,800 Australian children found. The study, reported in American Journal of Public Health, also found that exposure to fluoridated water significantly reduced the risk for tooth decay in children who drank sweetened drinks. (free registration) (1/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Child abuse may put black women at risk of uterine fibroids
    Black women who were sexually or physically abused as children were 34% and 16% more likely to develop uterine fibroids, respectively, a study showed. Researchers noted that having higher coping skills was associated with lower odds of uterine fibroids. The findings, which appear in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, failed to establish a causal relationship between childhood abuse and uterine fibroids. News (1/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  Trends & Technology 
  • 6 key factors that determine ACO readiness
    An accountable care organization's readiness is determined by six primary factors, according to an in-depth review of 59 groups operating 88 different hospitals. These include existing relationships with other providers, an advanced EHR system coupled with a health information exchange adoption strategy and clinical integration across the entire spectrum of care. (1/29) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  Health Policy & Regulations 
  • Neb. bill would ban teen tanning
    Nebraska lawmakers are considering legislation that would bar anyone younger than 18 from indoor tanning at a spa or salon. People younger than 35 who tan are at a 75% increased risk for melanoma, the CDC says. Indoor tanning salons often do not inform customers of tanning's risks, and parents cannot make informed decisions when they are not given adequate information, dermatologist Tricia Hultgren said. KLKN-TV (Lincoln, Neb.) (1/25), Kearney Hub (Neb.)/The Associated Press (1/28) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  The Last Word - News from the AAP 
  • CDC expert outlines updated MMR vaccine recommendations
    This AAP News article reviews the changes for the measles-mumps-rubella vaccine that focus on evidence of immunity to measles and mumps, vaccination of HIV-infected patients, and use of immune globulin for measles post-exposure prophylaxis. LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • 2013 Visiting Lectureship Program
    The AAP Julius B. Richmond Visiting Lectureship Program provides awards of up to $3,000 to support two-day customized educational programs focused on controlling tobacco smoke exposure. This program is designed to promote the elimination of secondhand smoke exposure and to integrate tobacco prevention and control activities into educational institutions, health departments and medical centers, as well as state and national pediatric organizations. The deadline for proposals is Feb. 8. Visit the AAP website for more information. LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
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Any workout which does not involve a certain minimum of danger or responsibility does not improve the body -- it just wears it out."
--Norman Mailer,
American writer

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This news roundup is provided as a timely update to AAP members and other health professionals about child health topics in the media. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of pediatricians who may find them of use in discussions with patients or colleagues.
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