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February 11, 2013
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News for pediatricians and other child health professionals

  Top Stories 
  • CDC report finds continued decline in U.S. teen birth rate
    The teen birth rate in the U.S. declined by 8% between 2010 and 2011, with just over 3% of teens ages 15 to 19 giving birth during the study period, a CDC study found. Rates of premature birth and low birth weight continued to drop, but the infant mortality rate remained unchanged, researchers reported in the journal Pediatrics. Reuters (2/11) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke drops for youths with asthma
    Among 4- to 19-year-olds with asthma who did not smoke themselves, 53% were exposed to secondhand smoke between 2005 and 2010, down from 89% of children with asthma between 1988 and 1994, according to a study in the journal Pediatrics. Researchers said fewer asthmatic children and teens were exposed to cigarette smoke in their homes, and secondhand smoke exposure was more prevalent among low-income youths than others. (2/10) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
3D echocardiography improves pediatric outcomes
Children’s Mercy Hospitals and Clinics, under the leadership of Girish Shirali, MBBS, is spearheading the use of live 3D echocardiography to advance understanding of pediatric heart structures. Three-dimensional echocardiography produces images that more closely correlate to real life, and Dr. Shirali intends to push the technology in new directions. Read more.
  Pediatric Health Care 
  • Review looks at efficacy of childhood trauma treatments
    Few psychological treatments showed potential in helping children age 17 and younger who were exposed to traumatic events, U.S. researchers reported in the journal Pediatrics. None of the 6,647 research abstracts included in the study showed how psychological and pharmacological therapies may impact child development in the long term. The findings underscore "how limited our good clinical trial information is on the subject," study author Adam Zolotor said. USA Today (2/11) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Teens with diabetes have more sedentary lifestyles
    Overweight teens with type 2 diabetes were less active and spent more time sitting compared with their obese counterparts who did not have diabetes, researchers reported in the journal Pediatrics. Overweight teen girls with diabetes also showed lower heart and respiratory fitness levels than obese girls without diabetes. (2/10) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Most children with type 1 diabetes are above target HbA1C levels
    U.S. researchers looked at 13,316 type 1 diabetes patients and found that 64% of those younger than 6 met the American Diabetes Association's hemoglobin A1C target of less than 8.5%. They said that only 43% of patients age 6 to younger than 13 years and 21% of those age 13 to younger than 20 years met their respective HbA1C targets. The findings appear in the journal Diabetes Care. News (2/8) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • School environment may influence risk for teen depression
    High-school students whose schools were ranked lower in terms of socioeducational environment during eighth grade had a slightly greater risk of having depressive symptoms in 10th and 11th grades, a study showed. The influence of school environment was slightly more prominent among teenage girls than boys, researchers reported in the journal Pediatrics. (2/10) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Prenatal intake of omega-3s may not boost brain development
    Data from 11 clinical trials on the effect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation during pregnancy on a child's brain development showed that such supplements had neither a positive nor negative effect on visual or neurological capacity. Since a majority of the trials had very few participants, excluded difficult pregnancies and failed to monitor the children long enough, Australian researchers said that more research is needed. The study was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Reuters (2/8) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
Advancing pediatric oncology, improving outcomes
What are we doing to make pediatric cancer medications safer and more effective? Can we target leukemia cells and avoid damage to normal cells? Get these answers and more in the pediatric oncology SmartBrief sponsored by Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics in Kansas City.
  Trends & Technology 
  • CDC: Flu season appears to be waning
    CDC officials report that in much of the U.S., flu season is starting to wind down, according to data from the week ending Feb. 2. Widespread flu activity was reported in 38 states, down from 42, and mortality attributed to influenza also was down. Nineteen states recorded high levels of flu activity, the agency said. USA Today (2/8), U.S. News & World Report (2/8) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Study: Early adopters make up more than half of private practices
    Data from a WhiteSpace Health Care study showed 55% of private practice managers and doctors say their practices follow an "early adopter" approach to operating decisions. Researchers also found 23% of respondents perceived their practices as "innovators," while 19% felt they were "late adopters" and 3% reported being "laggard" practices. (2/8) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  Hot Topics 

Top five news stories selected by AAP SmartBrief readers in the past week.

  • Results based on number of times each story was clicked by readers.
  The Last Word - News from the AAP 
  • Raising awareness of congenital heart defects
    The AAP is a founding member of the CHPHC, a group of organizations with the mission to prevent the occurrence of congenital heart defects and to enhance and prolong the lives of those with congenital heart defects. Visit the CHPHC website for resources, tools and suggestions for sharing information and increasing awareness. LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Reducing the Risk of SIDS in Child Care
    Tell your families about a free, online course that educates child care providers about safe-sleep environments. It’s available in English and Spanish. AAP members can also take the course, which qualifies for AMA PRA Category 1 Credit(s). (Grant funding limits free access to child care providers only.) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
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The only man I know who behaves sensibly is my tailor; he takes my measurements anew each time he sees me. ... The rest go on with their old measurements and expect me to fit them."
--George Bernard Shaw,
Irish playwright

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This news roundup is provided as a timely update to AAP members and other health professionals about child health topics in the media. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of pediatricians who may find them of use in discussions with patients or colleagues.
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