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March 14, 2013
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News for nurse practitioners

  Health Care News 
  • Breast cancer radiotherapy raises heart risks, study suggests
    Female patients whose breast cancer was treated with radiotherapy were at increased risk of developing heart disease, with higher radiation doses linked to greater risk, according to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine. Researchers found patients who received radiation to the left breast were more likely to experience heart trouble than those who had radiation to the right breast. "The implication of this finding is that there is no dose to the heart that can be considered completely 'safe.' However, it should be emphasized that the absolute excess risk of cardiac events is generally small," said Dr. Benjamin Smith of the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. (3/13) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Major bleeding raises post-PCI death risk, research finds
    Patients who had significant bleeding following percutaneous coronary intervention had a 12% greater risk of in-hospital mortality than those without bleeding, a study indicated. Bleeding is also associated with increased risk of stroke, heart attack and blood transfusion, as well as longer hospitalization, rehospitalization and greater hospital expenditures, researchers note. The findings were reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association. HealthDay News (3/12) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Smoking cessation reduces heart risk despite weight gain
    Quitting smoking significantly lowers the likelihood of heart attack or stroke even if it leads to gaining an average of six to eight pounds, according to a study in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The few additional pounds gained after kicking the habit had no clear impact on cardiovascular health, researchers said. Reuters (3/12) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Childhood obesity linked to higher mortality risk in critical illness
    U.S. researchers reviewed 28 studies involving hospitalized 2- to 18-year-olds and found that obesity was associated with an increased risk of dying among those who were critically ill. Some studies also showed a link between childhood obesity and longer length of hospital stay. The findings appear in the journal JAMA Pediatrics. HealthDay News (3/12) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
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  Pharmaceutical News 
  • Prenatal use of antidepressants may harm babies, study finds
    Taking antidepressants during pregnancy was associated with slightly higher risk for preterm birth, shorter gestation age, lower birth weight and lower Apgar scores, an analysis of 23 studies found. The risks of stopping antidepressants, however, may exceed the risks of taking the drugs, researchers said. The study appeared in the journal JAMA Psychiatry. WebMD/Medscape (3/13) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • H1N1 flu shot may slightly raise risk of Guillain-Barre syndrome
    People who received the H1N1 influenza vaccine in 2009 are at slightly higher risk than the general population for developing Guillain-Barre syndrome, according to a study published in The Lancet. Researchers looked at data from 23 million people in the U.S. who received the H1N1 flu shot during the 2009 outbreak and found that 77 developed Guillain-Barre syndrome within 91 days after receiving the vaccine. The vaccine prevented up to 1.5 million cases of flu and as many as 500 deaths, lead researcher Dr. Daniel Salmon said. HealthDay News (3/13) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Review: Alogliptin helps regulate blood glucose levels
    An analysis in BMC Endocrine Disorders found alogliptin treatment alone or in combination with other anti-diabetes drugs showed efficacy in regulating blood glucose levels in patients. However, more studies are needed to back the findings, researchers said. (3/11) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Anti-VEGFs boost outcomes in patients with DME
    Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor-A medications such as ranibizumab and bevacizumab were associated with significant short-term improvements and few adverse effects in patients with diabetic macular edema, an analysis in BMJ Open indicated. Researchers said anti-VEGFs may offer more consistent results compared with laser and steroid therapies. (3/11) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
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  • Spanish-language consumer summary
    The Spanish-language consumer summary of Treating Chronic Hepatitis C: A Review of the Research for Adults can be accessed here. View all Spanish-language consumer summaries here. Learn more about the Effective Health Care Program. LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
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