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March 25, 2014
Animal Health SmartBrief Special Report
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Animal Health SmartBrief Special Report:
Preventive care
As veterinarians know, preventive care is the foundation of animal health. However, data from the AVMA and other sources tell us that although spending on animals is increasing, visits to the veterinarian are declining. This special report focuses on preventable diseases with a selection of clinical resources and news. It also includes voices from the veterinary community about how clinicians use preventive care to safeguard pets from pathogens and parasites. You'll also find resources you can share with your staff and clients and a snapshot of veterinarians' experiences working with clients from our Animal Health SmartBrief reader poll.
Vaccines and Infectious Disease 
  • Vaccine recommendations for puppies and kittens
    This newly updated review published in Veterinary Clinics of North America addresses vaccination of puppies and kittens. Drawing on guidelines from the American Animal Hospital Association and the American Association of Feline Practitioners, veterinarian Gina Davis-Wurzler reviews core and non-core vaccines and reiterates best practices and adverse events. Educating owners about the benefits of vaccination in the context of optimizing lifelong health for the pet and protecting the general population and public heath is a primary role of veterinarians, according to the paper. PubMed (March 2014) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Fla. sees spike in canine leptospirosis
    Central Florida has seen a spike in canine leptospirosis, with 12 cases treated at the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine, according to veterinarian Carsten Bandt, assistant professor of emergency medicine and critical care. The zoonotic bacterial disease can lead to deadly kidney and liver problems in dogs and flulike symptoms in humans, according to the CDC. Between 100 and 200 people in the U.S. are diagnosed with leptospirosis every year. Wet weather conditions may be the cause of the uptick in cases since the bacteria thrive in these types of conditions, Dr. Bandt said. WCJB-TV (Gainesville, Fla.) (3/10) , Health News Florida (3/12) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • A brief history of parvo, and other preventable canine diseases
    A number of infectious diseases affect canines, writes veterinarian Barry Burtis, who offers a brief history of canine parvovirus in this article. The deadly virus emerged in dogs in 1978, presenting veterinarians with a serious challenge as the death toll among dogs mounted. The vaccine for canine parvovirus is credited with stemming the tide of infections, and other diseases -- some of which pose threats to humans -- are also kept in check only with regular preventive care. Canine infectious respiratory disease and leptosporosis - a zoonotic pathogen - are also preventable with canine vaccines, Dr. Burtis explains. The Burlington Post (Ontario) (3/6) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
A Bordetella bronchiseptica Vaccine Unlike Any Other
Among available Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccines, one stands out: BRONCHICINE® CAe is the only killed (non-infectious) canine Bordetella bronchiseptica vaccine on the market. Providing peace of mind for both veterinarians and pet owners, BRONCHICINE CAe is safe, effective and easy to administer. See the difference.
Parasites and Prevention 
  • Revised heartworm guidelines add resistance information
    This year, the American Heartworm Society published updated heartworm prevention, diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The updates include information regarding microfilaria testing, and the AHS also released some information regarding heartworm resistance to preventive medications. They emphasized that the "vast majority" of preventive uses are effective. In order for preventive medications to work effectively, products should be used in the species indicated and given according to the directions and dose for that product. (2/27) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Forecast: Ticks to spread more zoonotic infections this year
    The nonprofit Companion Animal Parasite Council predicts ticks that spread Lyme disease and ehrlichiosis will continue to expand their range, putting more people and dogs at risk. Computer models were used to forecast trends in tick-borne pathogens and heartworm disease for the coming year, and the council has prepared advisories for veterinarians in light of the findings. (3/6) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Veterinarians gain another tool to fight parasites
    Sanofi's NexGard was recently rolled out in the U.S. for flea and tick control in dogs. NexGard will give veterinarians another option for flea and tick control, writes Lawrence Gerson, but he notes that research is needed to determine whether it acts against deer ticks. The product label indicates it is effective against fleas and the American dog tick. The active agent in the oral drug excites the insect nervous system. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (2/14) , Reuters (2/18) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
Veterinary Viewpoints 
  • Which type of preventive care are clients most likely to decline?
    Dental cleanings  47.59%
    Regular bloodwork and radiographs for senior pets  45.61%
    Heartworm prevention  3.12%
    External parasite prevention  2.27%
    Vaccines  1.42%
  • Regarding vaccines, which of the following concerns do you hear most often from clients?
    My pet is not exposed to disease  54.43%
    Frequency of vaccines seems too high  19.01%
    Vaccine-site or systemic complications might occur  15.62%
    Vaccines are too costly  10.94%
  • If you could persuade your clients to more faithfully follow one piece of advice for their pets' health at home, what would it be?
    Moderating calorie intake  55.42%
    Exercise  17.47%
    Monthly parasite prevention  15.36%
    Brushing pets' teeth  11.75%
  • Making preventive care a priority
    Led by the AVMA, the American Animal Hospital Association and the American Veterinary Medical Foundation, Partners for Healthy Pets brings together dozens of veterinary organizations to provide veterinarians and owners tools to ensure pets get the preventive care they need. Resources for veterinarians include a toolbox designed to help foster communication with clients about optimal pet health and the need for regular checkups. Resources are available for owners through the PHP website LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story

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The news summaries appearing in Animal Health SmartBrief are based on original information from news organizations and are produced by SmartBrief, Inc., an independent e-mail newsletter publisher. The AVMA is not responsible for the content of sites that are external to the AVMA. Linking to a website does not constitute an endorsement by the AVMA of the site or the information presented on the site. Questions and comments should be directed to SmartBrief at
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