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December 3, 2012
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News for pediatricians and other child health professionals

  Top Stories 
  • Birth rates in U.S. dip to lowest level on record
    The number of births in the U.S. dropped to a record low in 2011, to 63.2 babies for every 1,000 women of childbearing age, according to a Pew Research Center study. The low birth rate was led by a decline in the number of immigrant women giving birth and due in part to the recent recession, researchers said. Los Angeles Times/Booster Shots blog (tiered subscription model) (11/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • HPAS dysfunction linked to use of corticosteroids, nasal steroids
    Adherence to inhaled corticosteroids and nasal steroids can predict a child's risk of developing hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis suppression dysfunction, according to a South African study in the journal Pediatrics. Researchers said that increased body mass index and poor corticosteroid adherence were linked to  protection against HPAS. Healio (11/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
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  Pediatric Health Care 
  • Psychiatric group OKs changes to diagnostic manual
    The American Psychiatric Association's board of trustees have approved the fifth edition of its diagnostic manual for mental illnesses. The guide includes Asperger's syndrome and "pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified" in the autism spectrum disorder category and introduces a new diagnosis of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder for children. The Wall Street Journal (12/1), Bloomberg (12/2) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Committee supports delay in umbilical cord clamping for preemies
    A 30- to 60-second delay in clamping the umbilical cord leads to better outcomes for preterm infants but research is less clear about the effects on term infants, according to an opinion by a committee of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists with help from the American Academy of Pediatrics. The opinion said the most important benefit in preterm infants is an almost 50% reduced risk of intraventricular hemorrhaging. News (11/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Low-dose methotrexate, cyclosporine effective for atopic dermatitis
    Methotrexate or cyclosporine given in low doses can effectively and safely treat children diagnosed with severe atopic dermatitis, Egyptian researchers found. Both treatments were well-tolerated and caused only mild, temporary side effects, according to the study published in the European Journal of Pediatrics. Healio (11/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Researchers explain how food ads affect obese children
    Overweight and obese children may be more susceptible to eating high-calorie, sugar-laden foods they see in advertisements because they have greater activity in the reward areas of the brain compared with those at a healthier weight, researchers reported in the Journal of Pediatrics. Researchers found that children at a healthy weight showed increased activity in brain areas associated with self-control when viewing food logos. (12/1) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  Trends & Technology 
  • Mobile app helps screen newborns for heart defects
    A smartphone application created by cardiologists at Children's HealthCare of Atlanta called Pulse Ox Tool can automate pulse oximetry screening calculations, helping to prevent a delay in diagnosis of congenital heart defects in newborns. The app, available at iTunes, Google Play and Windows, yielded substantially lower error rates compared with manually calculated algorithms. Modern Healthcare (subscription required) (11/30) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  Hot Topics 

Top five news stories selected by AAP SmartBrief readers in the past week.

  • Results based on number of times each story was clicked by readers.
  Health Policy & Regulations 
  • CMS rolls out $692M in EHR incentives in Oct.
    CMS paid $692 million in EHR incentives to hospitals, doctors and other eligible professionals in October, bringing the total payout to slightly more than $8.4 billion since the program commenced. The agency has paid $2.84 billion in Medicare and Medicaid incentives for physicians and other professionals since early last year, while hospitals received almost $5.38 billion during the same period, CMS said. Modern Healthcare (subscription required) (11/29) LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  The Last Word - News from the AAP 
  • Keep an eye on toy safety for an injury-free holiday
    Each year more than 250,000 children suffer eye injuries from unsafe use of toys. The good news is that the vast majority of these injuries can be prevented. For information about eye safety and eye injuries, including a list of tips for keeping children’s eyes safe from toy-related eye injuries, visit the Get Eye Smart website. LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
  • Breastfeeding Educational Speaker’s Kit
    Developed by the AAP Section on Breastfeeding, the speaker’s kit is a tool for education on the topic of breastfeeding. With detailed speaker's notes, this presentation is easily presented by a wide range of professionals. The kit is designed to help educate pediatricians, physicians, public health workers, nurses, hospital, clinic, or private practice staff and anyone who has a role in breastfeeding support and promotion. LinkedInFacebookTwitterEmail this Story
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This news roundup is provided as a timely update to AAP members and other health professionals about child health topics in the media. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of pediatricians who may find them of use in discussions with patients or colleagues.
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