Most Clicked PCNA SmartBrief Stories

1. Healthy habits cut women's risk of heart disease by 90% over 20 years

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 08, 2015

Women may reduce their risk of heart disease by 90% over 20 years if they follow six healthy habits, researchers wrote in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. The study included about 90,000 nurses and focused on maintaining a normal weight, exercise, diet and not smoking. Data also showed a healthy lifestyle reduced the risk of heart disease for women who had a risk factor, such as hypertension or diabetes. HealthDay News (01/05) Medscape (free registration) (01/05)

2. Guidance calls for obesity-first treatment strategy

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 22, 2015

Physicians should treat patients' weight problems first and then focus on related medical issues such as high cholesterol, hypertension and impaired glucose tolerance, according to a guidance report published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. Lead author Dr. Caroline Apovian of Boston University said this new paradigm focuses on lifestyle change and medications to treat obesity, followed by the treatment of comorbidities that have not responded to weight loss strategies. NEJM Journal Watch (01/20) Medscape (free registration) (01/16)

3. Study finds more than 10% improperly use daily low-dose aspirin

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 15, 2015

About 12% of people who were prescribed daily low-dose aspirin to prevent a first heart attack or stroke should not have been using the medication, researchers from Baylor College of Medicine reported in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. Researchers, who analyzed records for more than 68,800 patients, said the risks of side effects from taking a daily aspirin outweighed the potential prevention benefits in these patients. MedPage Today (free registration) (01/14) HealthDay News (01/12)

4. Analysis: Fully using JNC 8 guidelines would save 13,000 lives annually

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 29, 2015

About 56,000 cardiovascular events and 13,000 deaths would be prevented each year if the Eighth Joint National Committee guidelines for managing adult hypertension were fully implemented, researchers reported in the New England Journal of Medicine. The analysis found adults ages 35 to 74 who have untreated high blood pressure but not cardiovascular disease would see the biggest benefit. Medscape (free registration) (01/28)

5. Heart-healthy DASH Diet again tops magazine's rankings

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 08, 2015

Reuters (01/06)

6. Lifestyle changes linked with reductions in atherosclerosis burden

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 29, 2015

A meta-analysis of 14 randomized, controlled trials found lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise are linked to a reduced coronary and carotid atherosclerosis burden. The study was reported in the American Journal of Cardiology. (01/27)

7. BMI, waist circumference do not always agree, study says

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 22, 2015 (01/19)

8. Prolonged sitting may increase disease, mortality risks

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 22, 2015

Canadian researchers who analyzed data from 47 studies found an association between long periods of sitting each day and higher risks of heart disease, diabetes, cancer and death. The study in the Annals of Internal Medicine showed the risks were not entirely eliminated through regular exercise, and researchers advised that people work in more activity throughout the day. HealthDay News (01/19) NEJM Journal Watch (01/20)

9. Study: Diet, exercise may save more lives than statins

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 29, 2015

A U.K. study says lifestyle habits such as eating a healthy diet and exercising could save many more lives than taking statin medications to lower cholesterol. The study was published in BMJ Open. Telegraph (London) (tiered subscription model), The (01/23)

10. Population health program reduces CVD risk factors, hospitalizations

PCNA SmartBrief | Jan 15, 2015

A community disease prevention program started in 1974 in Franklin County, Maine, reduced hospitalizations and mortality and improved residents' blood pressure and cholesterol levels, according to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The program sent nurses and trained volunteers into the community to motivate people to participate in screenings. "Where they lived, where they worked, where they played. To schools, to work sites, to communities," said Sandy Record, who was a nurse manager with the program. Kennebec Journal (Maine) (01/14) HealthDay News (01/13) Modern Healthcare (free registration) (01/13) Maine Public Broadcasting Network (01/13)

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