Preterm infants whose parents participated in a program where they provided direct care for their babies in the NICU had significantly increased weight gain after 21 days, compared with those who received standard care, Canadian researchers reported in The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health. The findings also showed reduced anxiety and stress, as well as increased odds of frequent breastfeeding after discharge among parents in the intervention group.
An Israeli study found female physicians referred 20% fewer female patients to the ICU, compared with male physicians, and 12% fewer female patients to the cardiac ICU, researchers reported in QJM: An International Journal of Medicine. Physician gender bias also was associated with how patients arrived at the hospital and were assigned to clinicians.
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Pipes under the NIH's Clinical Care Center ICU were found to contain antibiotic-resistant bacteria, though patient rooms were mostly free of germs, according to a study in the journal mBio. The researchers said lateral gene transfer means bacteria can gain resistance without even being exposed to an antibiotic medicine when they come in contact with antibiotic-resistant bacteria, such as in the pipes.
President Donald Trump signed a two-year agreement passed by Congress early this morning that provides funding for the federal government through March 23, ending a short government shutdown triggered when the midnight deadline passed. The legislation provides money to combat the opioid crisis and further extend funding for the Children's Health Insurance Program.
Cardiothoracic MRI can be used to help diagnose myocardial and aortic disease in ICU patients with intact renal function, researchers reported in Academic Radiology. "Although the examination can be logistically difficult to perform, it can help provide diagnostic information that may not be obtained from other imaging modalities, especially when performed for the evaluation of myocardial disease," said lead author Dr. Narmadan Kumarasamy.
Researchers found that fetal MRI analysis with machine learning yielded 82% accuracy, 80% sensitivity and 84% specificity in identifying infants who need to undergo cerebrospinal fluid diversion after birth. The approach, described in JAMA Pediatrics, also had 91% accuracy, 75% sensitivity and 95% specificity in determining candidates for postnatal CSF diversion in a replicated cohort model.