People with the best scores for the cardiovascular risk factors known as Life's Simple 7 were 41% less likely than those with the lowest scores to develop atrial fibrillation, according to a study of 6,500 adults presented at a meeting of the American Heart Association. The factors are blood pressure, body-mass index, smoking, diet, cholesterol, blood sugar and exercise.
A UK study in the journal Heart found adults under age 50 who smoke had an almost 8.5 times higher risk of heart attack than their peers who used to smoke or never smoked. The findings, based on data for 1,727 individuals treated for ST-elevated myocardial infarction, also showed smokers aged 50 to 65 had a five times increased risk of heart attack and those older than 65 had a three times higher risk compared with nonsmokers and former smokers their age.
A study in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Heart Failure found that people ages 45 to 55 without hypertension, diabetes or obesity have as much as an 86% reduced risk of developing heart failure during their lives. Researchers examined data from participants in the Framingham Heart Study and other studies.
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Draft recommendations from the US Preventive Services Task Force call for primary care clinicians to offer heart health and lifestyle counseling to adults, even if their risk of heart disease is low or average. The draft is open for public comment until Jan. 2.
Stroke rates among Americans aged at least 55 have dropped, while rates among younger groups have increased, rising 68% among people aged 45 to 54 and at least doubling among those aged 35 to 44, researchers report in the Journal of the American Heart Association. The study examined stroke incidence in 1995 to 1999 and 2010 to 2014.
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Dealing with public misconceptions about nursing is common for nurses, who are trained to be leaders who can respond to patients' questions about the profession, said Margo Brooks Carthon, assistant professor of family and community health at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Nursing. "I think most people have very little information about what nurses do. ... Many people don't recognize the training that is required to become a nurse," Brooks Carthon said.
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