An American Heart Association scientific statement in Circulation said sleep duration and sleep disorders can be risk factors for cardiovascular and cardiometabolic disease. Researcher Dr. Marie-Pierre St-Onge of Columbia University said people should view sleep as an important lifestyle factor in cardiovascular health.
A study in JAMA Cardiology suggests clinicians need to consider a patient's blood pressure and cardiovascular disease risk factors, rather than use clinical-trial criteria, to diagnose hypertension and decide on a treatment approach. The findings, based on data for 14,142 adults ages 20 to 79, showed that having a systolic blood pressure of 120 mm Hg to 139 mm Hg or a high risk for cardiovascular disease would not qualify many patients for the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial and the Heart Outcomes Prevention Evaluation-3 trial.
An analysis of US health data suggested more aggressive efforts to lower blood pressure could save 107,000 lives annually, researchers reported at the American Heart Association Council on Hypertension conference. The analysis was based on a 2015 NIH clinical trial and national survey data for 1999-2006.
Thirty-one million US adults ages 50 and older don't engage in any physical activity, including almost 26% of men and more than 29% of women, which increases their risk for diabetes, cancer and heart disease, according to the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Researchers evaluated the results of a 2014 national health survey and found that adults become more physically inactive as they age.
South African researchers found a more than 50% reduction in LDL cholesterol among patients with or without dysglycemia or metabolic syndrome after 52 weeks of evolocumab treatment. The findings in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, based on 905 patients from 88 study centers, revealed no significant difference in overall incidence of new-onset diabetes and incidence of adverse events between the evolocumab and placebo groups.
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A study found 16.5% of hospital patients who were coached on smoking cessation by trained nurses quit the habit six months after discharge, compared with 5.7% of patients who were in other hospitals, researchers reported in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. "Nurses have the greatest access to patients, they have relationships with patients and they can relate the benefits of quitting to the patient's medical condition," said Ohio State University professor of nursing Sonia Duffy.
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PCNA invites health care professionals involved in innovation projects or original research related to cardiovascular risk reduction and disease management to submit an abstract for a poster presentation at the PCNA 2017 Annual Symposium in Denver, Colo., April 6-9. Never submitted an abstract before? Mentors are available to help you through the process. Learn more and submit an abstract.