UK researchers found that a 1-standard deviation increase in the waist-to-hip ratio, adjusted for body mass index, was correlated with a 6.0 increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes per 1,000 participant-years and a 1.8 increased risk for coronary heart disease. The findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association also revealed an association between a 1-SD increase in WHR and higher two-hour glucose levels, log-transformed fasting insulin, LDL cholesterol and systolic blood pressure.
A Mediterranean diet that included nuts or virgin olive oil improved the function of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, compared with a control diet that restricted red meat, processed food, high-fat dairy and sugar, researchers reported in the journal Circulation. The study found the Mediterranean diet enriched with virgin olive oil was associated with the biggest increase in HDL function, and while the control diet reduced total and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol levels, none of the diets increased HDL levels.
Mean gait-speed declines were the same for elderly patients with hypertension who achieved a systolic blood pressure of less than 120 mm Hg as they were for those who hit a target of less than 140 mm Hg, according to SPRINT study data published in JAMA Internal Medicine. Some physicians expressed optimism about the data, saying the study suggests intense BP control is not harmful to mobility in older patients, but others were concerned about higher risks of kidney problems, syncope and other issues in the intensive-treatment group.
An American Heart Association report estimates heart disease costs in the US could increase from $555 billion in 2016 to $1.1 trillion in 2035, with 45% of Americans having at least one heart-disease-related health problem. AHA President Steven Houser said the Affordable Care Act has expanded access to preventive care, which will be important to reducing cardiovascular disease and its related costs.
Adults with metabolic syndrome had increased physical activity, improved dietary intake and health-related quality of life, and more improved general health and vitality six months after participating in an interactive web-based intervention, compared with the control group, according to a study in Nutrition & Diabetes. Iranian researchers used a cohort of 160 adults with a mean age of 44.2 and suggested the use of web-based approaches for patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease.
Nurse practitioner Jo-Ann Eastwood of the UCLA School of Nursing created the Staying Connected program, which includes mobile technology and patient education, to help women make lifestyle changes that improved their cardiovascular measures. Eastwood, president-elect of the Preventive Cardiovascular Nurses Association and an American Heart Association Clinical Research award recipient, said it is important to teach people self-management skills that incorporate individual needs.
The deadline to apply for a Cardiovascular Nursing Symposium Scholarship is approaching fast. You have until March 1, 2017, to apply to receive conference registration fees and two nights at the Denver Marriott Tech Center. You can earn 22 CE credits (includes 9.0 hours pharmacology) at 2017's Cardiovascular Nursing Symposium when you attend the General Sessions and Pharmacology Preconference. Learn more and apply.