Changing lifestyle habits can lower heart risks, study says | Malnourished children may be more prone to high BP later | Younger women are more likely to have poor outcomes following heart attack
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July 3, 2014
PCNA SmartBrief
News about cardiovascular disease prevention and management

Heart Health News
Changing lifestyle habits can lower heart risks, study says
Adults in their 30s and 40s can reduce their risk of heart disease by making healthy lifestyle changes, Northwestern University researchers reported in the journal Circulation. Researchers said the opposite also held true as adding unhealthy habits or dropping healthy ones had a negative effect on cardiovascular measures. United Press International (6/30)
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Malnourished children may be more prone to high BP later
Children who were malnourished were more likely than nourished children to have high blood pressure as adults, according to a Jamaican study in the journal Hypertension. Malnourished children also had increased diastolic blood pressure and greater resistance to blood flow in smaller blood vessels. HealthDay News (6/30)
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Emerging Trends
CDC: Chronic diseases among leading causes of death in U.S.
CDC data showed 10 of the 15 leading causes of death in the U.S. in 2011 were chronic diseases. The study published in The Lancet said 50.9% of U.S. adults have at least one chronic disease and 26% have two or more. The CDC cited four strategies to deal with chronic disease: surveillance, promoting healthy behaviors, health system interventions to boost preventive services and community-supported disease management. Medscape (free registration) (7/2)
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More baby boomers are obese, Census Bureau finds
A report by the U.S. Census Bureau revealed a decline in smoking and alcohol intake among Americans aged 65 and older. However, data revealed 72% of older men and 67% of older women are now overweight or obese, putting them at increased risk of diabetes, arthritis and other conditions. (7/1)
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Nursing in the News
Why health care delivery needs team-based models
Team-based care can help improve coordination and communication, leading to better outcomes and less duplication, nurse practitioner Robin Trupp said at a meeting of the American Association of Heart Failure Nurses. "Our top priority should be situations where team-based care promotes the most efficient and efficacious delivery of care and patient engagement, including shared decision-making," Trupp said. Healio (free registration)/Cardiology Today (6/27)
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PCNA Update
NYC Department of Health, American Heart Association and 30+ scientists affirm less sodium is key to preventing heart disease
The New York City Department of Health and the American Heart Association conducted research involving over 30 scientists in a variety of experiments and found that lowering national sodium levels will lower the U.S. population's risk for heart disease. Research from observational studies, feeding studies, and randomized controlled trials indicates that lowering sodium levels lowers blood pressure, a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. After reviewing evidence on sodium intake and cardiovascular outcomes, it was concluded that reducing population sodium intake would have a positive effect on public health. "PCNA highly supports this recommendation," says Barbara Fletcher, PCNA President. "Both New York City Department of Health and the American Heart Association are to be commended for emphasizing the reduction of sodium as an approach to reduction of cardiovascular disease mortality and morbidity." For more information visit
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Barbara J. Drew receives American Heart Association Distinguished Scientist Award
The American Heart Association's distinguished scientists are a group of scientists and clinicians whose work has advanced understanding of cardiovascular disease and stroke. The award recognizes AHA members who have given significant, original and sustained scientific contributions that have advanced the association's mission: "Building healthier lives, free of cardiovascular disease and stroke." This year, for the first time, a nurse scientist has been selected to receive this award. Dr. Barbara Drew RN, PhD, FAAN, FAHA, will receive the award for her outstanding work in her program of research which determined standards for the accuracy of electrocardiographic monitoring in patients at risk for arrhythmias, myocardial ischemia, and QT interval prolongation. Her research represents a major breakthrough in knowledge development and has resulted in significant changes in clinical practice with recognizable benefit to the public. Congratulations, Dr. Drew!
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Editor's Note
An item in last week's PCNA SmartBrief listed an incorrect date for the PCNA live webinar on self-management of acute coronary syndrome patients. It will take place July 30. SmartBrief regrets the error.
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Lead Quote
A manager is responsible for the application and performance of knowledge."
-- Peter Drucker,
Austrian-American management consultant and writer
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