Heart group says sedentary time increases mortality, health risks | Study: MetS scores increase from premenopause to menopause | Study: Diabetes tied to risk of early death from CVD, cancer, other diseases
August 18, 2016
News about cardiovascular disease prevention and management
An American Heart Association scientific statement recommends people "sit less, move more" because sedentary behavior is linked to a higher risk of mortality, cardiovascular disease, diabetes and impaired insulin sensitivity. The statement, published in the journal Circulation, called for people to get at least 30 minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity each day but noted that exercise does not cancel out the effects of sedentary time.
A study in the Journal of the American Heart Association found scores for metabolic syndrome severity rapidly increased as women transitioned from premenopause to perimenopause and then menopause. Researchers found increases in MetS scores, which include cardiovascular risk factors such as blood pressure, cholesterol and fasting glucose, slowed during the early years of menopause.
Diabetes patients were at an increased risk of premature death from cardiovascular disease, at cause-specific hazard of 2.03 and 2.28 and proportional subdistribution hazard of 1.99 and 2.23 in men and women, respectively, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Spanish researchers analyzed data from more than 55,000 people and found those with diabetes also had an increased risk of early death from liver, lung and colorectal cancer, as well as liver and kidney disease, compared with those without diabetes.
Patient care is shifting from fee-for-service to a value-based model. By 2018, 50% of healthcare payments will be based on healthy outcomes rather than services provided. Those navigating the transition need to consider the different viewpoints of payers, providers as well as today's empowered consumer.
A study in Health Affairs showed that using EHR data may help reduce gaps in health care delivery driven by geographic, racial and socioeconomic disparities. Researchers found that practices have used EHR data to develop a new patient dashboard to accommodate various race populations, improve blood pressure control among African American patients, boost cardiovascular care for minority patient populations and improve care coordination.
Advanced practice registered nurses at a clinic can legally do their jobs while also performing the duties of an RN, but safety and personnel management issues should be considered, writes health care attorney Carolyn Buppert. A lot could depend on patient volume, Buppert writes.
Nurses and nursing students participated in a heart failure simulation scenario that used eye-tracking technology to record pupil movement and dilation to determine where their attention was focused. The study in Clinical Simulation in Nursing found veteran nurses completed more tasks than students and suggested students spent too much time on non-essential information.
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PCNA invites health care professionals involved in innovation projects or original research related to cardiovascular risk reduction and disease management to submit an abstract for a poster presentation at the PCNA 2017 Annual Symposium in Denver, Colo., April 6-9. Never submitted an abstract before? Mentors are available to help you through the process. Learn more and submit an abstract.