An international study in the European Heart Journal found fewer people who closely adhered to a Mediterranean diet had a heart attack or stroke or died over a four-year period, compared with those who followed a Western-style diet. New Zealand researchers said the study did not show modest amounts of unhealthy foods were harmful and suggested eating more healthy food was the key, but clinical nutritionist Samantha Heller commented dietary advice should emphasize significantly limiting unhealthy food choices.
Making unreasonable judgments about overweight people, known as weight bias, can have detrimental effects on children and adults, says registered dietitian Marianne Carter. Studies show weight bias is a problem among health care professionals, including dietitians, and that obese patients often feel stigmatized in medical settings, which may may them less likely to seek care.
Home-cooked and restaurant meals can contain unexpected sources of calories linked to the ingredients used or the method of preparation, says registered dietitian Jessica Lind. The tortilla alone can contribute hundreds of calories to a wrap, calories in toppings for side dishes and salads can quickly add up, and some grilled meats are cut in large portions and brushed with butter, Lind says.
A study in JAMA Surgery found Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and laparoscopic gastric banding patients who weighed themselves weekly, stopped eating when full, and did not eat continuously during the day lost an average 38.8% of their baseline weight, which was 14% more than patients who did not adopt those behaviors.
Babies who ate rice and rice-based food had significantly higher inorganic arsenic levels in their urine, compared with those who didn't eat such products. The findings in JAMA Pediatrics, based on a 2011 to 2014 cohort study involving 759 infants in New Hampshire, also showed that those who ate rice cereals had the highest urinary inorganic arsenic levels at 9.53 micrograms per liter on average, compared with 2.85 micrograms per liter for those who didn't consume any rice-containing foods.
Researchers found each additional hour of sedentary time increased the risk of having coronary artery calcium by 12%, but time spent exercising was not tied to the risk of coronary artery calcium. The findings in JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging were based on more than 2,000 participants in the Dallas Heart Study with an average age of 50.
Hospitals, colleges and corporate campuses are increasingly investing in foodservice innovation and driving new menu trends, writes Datassential's Mike Kostyo. Central Table in St. Louis is a hospital-based food hall that serves as a community restaurant and a hospital dining room, but chef Cary Neff says it also works to make sure it promotes the hospital's wellness mission.