People who had anorexia nervosa had higher mortality rates and died earlier than those with other eating disorders, such as bulimia nervosa and binge eating, according to a study in the International Journal of Eating Disorders. Researchers said most deaths among people with anorexia nervosa were from natural causes linked to the disorder.
Nightshade vegetables, such as tomatoes, peppers and eggplant, contain alkaloids that some people worry may promote inflammation, but registered dietitian Cynthia Sass said there is a lack of good research on the issue and most nightshades contain only a small amount of the chemical compounds. Sass said people with inflammatory conditions or autoimmune disease might try cutting out nightshade vegetables to see if they feel better, but for most people there is no reason to not to enjoy them.
Registered dietitian Lindsey Kane says frozen fruits and vegetables are a good choice for winter months when fresh may not be available, and may be higher in nutrients than fresh produce that sits in containers during long shipping routes. Frozen produce may be less expensive than fresh, because there are fewer labor-intensive processes needed to get it to market, and it is convenient to keep on hand for cooking, Kane says.
The World Health Organization in a recent report is urging governments to tax sugar-sweetened drinks as a potential way to help curb childhood obesity. The report also states that some countries may consider additional taxes on foods high in sugar and fat.
There would be almost 800,000 fewer children's deaths, which is equivalent to 13% of all deaths among children younger than 2, if almost all women across the world breast-fed their infants and young children, according to a study in The Lancet. Researchers found that worldwide breast-feeding could also prevent around half of all diarrhea cases and one-third of respiratory infections in low- and middle-income countries.
A study in Pediatrics showed women who had diabetes and obesity had an almost fourfold increased likelihood of having babies with autism spectrum disorder if the diabetes was diagnosed during pregnancy and an almost fivefold increased risk if the disease was present before they conceived, compared with those without either condition. Researchers followed 2,734 mother-child pairs between 1998 and 2014 and found maternal obesity was tied to a 92% increased autism risk on its own.
Research that included almost 2,000 US adults found 68% of those with the highest fiber consumption had normal lung function, compared with 50% of those with the lowest intake. The study in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society found fewer people eating the most fiber had airway restriction and they did better on breathing tests, compared with the low-fiber group.
The number of calories a persons burns during a workout can hit a plateau even as the amount of exercise increases, researchers from City University of New York reported in the journal Current Biology. Lead author Herman Pontzer said a well-balanced diet may be a better tool for weight loss because the body adjusts to exercise, so the energy used during a workout eventually stays the same when activity increases.
A Minnesota school district is transitioning to more made-from-scratch cooking and serving more locally produced foods. It also has launched an after-school meal program for some students and staff. In addition, the district started "fun fruit Fridays," in which students are served fruit such as dried bananas and plums.