Gluten-free foods need to be more nutritious and have labels that clearly show when the nutrition content is significantly different from the same product that contains gluten, researchers told the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition's annual meeting. The study found gluten-free foods had more protein than products that contained gluten, and gluten-free bread and pasta products had lipid, saturated fat, protein and sugar content that differed from their gluten-containing counterparts.
Science news from European Congress on Obesity New findings support low calorie sweeteners' use as a means to help reduce sweet food cravings and manage energy intake. Contrary to concerns, all indications from highest quality evidence confirm the beneficial role of low calorie sweeteners in overall calorie reduction and in weight control. Learn more.
Registered dietitian Toby Smithson says even though she tells diabetes patients to replace saturated fats with unsaturated fats and to control portions, because all fats have a lot of calories, some people go overboard in adding healthy fats to their diet and jeopardize their glucose control. She said guidelines call for 20% to 35% of total daily calories to come from fat and that healthy fats should replace unhealthy ones.
Nutrition experts say it can be more difficult for women to lose weight after menopause, partly due to metabolic changes that can increase sensitivity to carbohydrates and promote fat storage. Registered dietitian Colleen Tewksbury said aging can lead to reduced muscle mass, which means a lower resting metabolic rate that can promote weight gain, so women should do weight-bearing exercise and eat protein to build muscle.
Starting Monday, food retailers in New York City with at least 15 locations nationwide will be required to post calorie counts for the prepared foods they sell. The city in 2008 started requiring chain restaurants to provide calorie counts.
A county-based study found every 1% increase in the number of people using public transportation was associated with a 0.2% reduction in obesity rates, researchers reported in the journal Preventive Medicine. The study supports earlier data linking decreases in daily driving to a reduction in BMI.
Youths with shorter sleep duration in early childhood had increased HDL cholesterol levels in later childhood, compared with those with longer sleep duration, Canadian researchers reported in the journal Childhood Obesity. However, the findings, based on data involving 597 Canadian children ages 6 and younger, showed that early childhood sleep duration wasn't tied to cardiometabolic risk cluster scores in later childhood.
A study in Diabetes Care showed that patients with advanced-stage type 2 diabetes had a -1.1 ± 1.2% reduction in HbA1C 12 weeks after receiving telemedical coaching along with weighing scales, step counters and routine care, compared with those who didn't receive telemedical coaching. German researchers used a cohort of 202 patients and found similar results for secondary outcomes including body mass index, eating behavior, antidiabetes medication, quality of life, weight, systolic blood pressure and 10-year cardiovascular risk.
Aerobic and resistance exercise plus a weight-loss diet was better at helping older obese patients maintain muscle and bone density than doing only one type of exercise or no exercise at all, researchers reported in the New England Journal of Medicine. The study found physical performance test scores, after six months, increased 21% for patients who did the combined exercise program, compared with 14% for those who only did one of the exercises.
Hospitals in the Henry Ford Health System are adopting a policy of serving only antibiotic-free chicken due to concerns about antibiotic resistance. John Miller, director of culinary wellness, said serving antibiotic-free chicken may help reduce the public health threat from overuse of antibiotics in food animals.