US data show Americans have reduced their intake of sweeteners such as sugar and high-fructose corn syrup by 15% since a peak in 1999, due mainly to a decrease in soda consumption. While American consumption is down to about 94 grams of sugar per day, that still is more than the 50 grams recommended for a person on a 2,000-calorie per day diet.
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Experts say dietary solutions can help with many common gastrointestional problems, such as eating more fiber to reduce constipation or bloating. Registered dietitian Gail Cresci said cutting out spicy foods, alcohol, chocolate and peppermint may help reduce heartburn, and RD Samantha Heller suggested drinking more water to help digest fiber-rich foods that can cause gas.
Nutrition experts say some facets of the Whole30 diet are good, such as reducing consumption of sugar and processed foods, but they are concerned about cutting out entire food groups such as grains or dairy. Dietitian Emily Rubin said the health effects of the Whole30 plan have not been studied but diets need to be part of a person's lifestyle or they will not be sustainable.
The US Department of Agriculture awarded $2 million to be shared among five states and one US territory for efforts to keep preschoolers enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children. South Carolina is getting $100,000 to use for a mobile clinic that will cover five of the state's poorest counties.
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Researchers found that youths who first received eggs at ages 4 months to 6 months and peanuts at ages 4 months to 11 months had a 46% and 71% lower risk of developing egg and peanut allergies, respectively, compared with those who were introduced to such foods at a later age. However, the findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association, based on a review of 146 studies involving more than 200,000 children, found early egg, peanut and gluten introduction didn't affect their odds of developing autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes or celiac disease.
A study in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism found that obese children and adolescents had elevated amounts of bacteria in four of eight microbiome groups tied to fat accumulation, compared with those who were at normal weight, and had gut bacteria that was more efficient at digesting carbohydrates. The findings, based on MRI scans from 84 youths ages 7 to 20, also showed higher blood levels of short chain fatty acids linked to fat production in the liver among obese youths.
Young, overweight to moderately obese adults who used wearable trackers lost an average of 7.72 pounds over a span of two years, while those who used web-based tracking lost an average of 13 pounds, according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Experts note that wearable activity trackers work well for some people, and their utility comes down to how they are used to support a more active lifestyle.
Fifty-six schools in Vermont are participating in the federal Community Eligibility Provision. The program, which provides free, universal meals to all students regardless of family income, has nearly doubled since it launched in the state two years ago.