A study in Science Translational Medicine showed that adults who consumed a low-calorie, fasting-mimicking diet for five days once a month over three months reduced their cardiovascular risk factors, including fasting glucose, metabolism hormone IGF-1 levels, blood pressure and signs of inflammation. Researchers found those in the fasting-mimicking diet also lost weight and inches around their waist, reducing their risk of diabetes, heart disease, cancer and other diseases.
Research provides conflicting data on whether cranberries can help prevent urinary tract infections, experts said, but overall good hydration may help patients avoid bacterial growth in the urinary tract that can lead to UTIs. Registered dietitian Barbara Hopkins said dietitians can counsel patients on developing a healthy gut through a plant-based diet that also includes probiotics and cranberry products.
Cooking for one or two people can be a challenge, and meals can become limited and rely too much on processed foods, said registered dietitian Rita Smith. She says seniors or empty-nesters can cook larger batches and freeze smaller portions, share foods with a neighbor, and buy frozen fruits and vegetables so food does not go to waste.
None of the five experts testifying before the House Agriculture Committee on Thursday said soda had nutritional value but only one supported restricting candy and soda purchases in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. The other panelists said costs associated with restricting purchases would be too high and the intervention would have limited value.
Researchers found that 29% and 23% of type 2 diabetes patients with obesity who underwent gastric bypass surgery and sleeve gastrectomy, respectively, were able to stop their diabetes medications five years after the procedure, compared with 5% of those on diabetes medications alone. The findings in the New England Journal of Medicine, based on 150 patients, showed those who underwent weight-loss surgery lost significantly more weight and had lower blood glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol levels.
A low-sodium diet reduced blood pressure and improved hydration status in chronic kidney disease patients, when compared with a control group that maintained their usual diet, according to a study in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. University of Michigan researcher Rajiv Saran said the sodium-restricted diet included meals created and prepared by study participants based on counseling from dietitians.
Exercise to strengthen the gluteus medius, the muscle that controls pelvic motion, is important because the gluteus medius helps keep the pelvis stable during activities, says physical therapist Skye Donovan. An unstable pelvis can led to knee, hip and lower back pain, Donovan says.
Taher Food Service chef Chris Murray and dietitian Melanie Wilth showed students at Rhinelander High School in Wisconsin how to prepare a healthy meal and taught them about good nutrition. Wilth said some students interested in nutrition enjoyed seeing someone from a profession they might want to pursue.