Risk factors for sleep-related death differ for younger, older infants | Risks greater for pediatric emergency procedures on weekends | Hypothermia for perinatal asphyxia has neurocognitive benefits
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July 17, 2014
National Association of Neonatal Nurses SmartBrief
News for Neonatal Care Professionals

Neonatal Care
Risk factors for sleep-related death differ for younger, older infants
A study in the journal Pediatrics found that 74% of infants aged 3 months and younger who died during sleep were sharing a bed with an adult at the time. For older infants, the strongest risk factor for sleep-related death was rolling into objects placed in the sleeping area. USA Today (7/14), DailyRx.com (7/13)
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Risks greater for pediatric emergency procedures on weekends
Pediatric emergency surgeries performed on weekends were associated with higher risks for postoperative complications and greater need for blood transfusions compared with weekday surgeries, according to an analysis in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery. The risk of death was greater, but researchers cautioned that the overall mortality risk remained very small. HealthDay News (7/11)
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Hypothermia for perinatal asphyxia has neurocognitive benefits
In a study involving 325 babies with asphyxial encephalopathy, U.K. researchers found that those treated with moderate hypothermia were more likely to have an IQ score of 85 or more at ages 6 or 7. The hypothermia group also had lower risks for cerebral palsy and moderate or severe disability. The findings appear in the New England Journal of Medicine. PhysiciansBriefing.com/HealthDay News (7/10)
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Fetal heart parameters can predict hypertension, arterial remodeling
Certain fetal echocardiographic parameters such as cerebroplacental ratio and isovolumic relaxation time showed high predictive value for hypertension and arterial remodeling among intrauterine growth restricted fetuses, Spanish researchers found. The findings were published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. PhysiciansBriefing.com/HealthDay News (7/10)
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Health Policy & Practice
Combo of polio vaccines may boost children's immunity
Fewer children who received an injection of the inactivated polio vaccine in addition to the live oral polio vaccine had traces of serotypes 1 and 3 of the virus in their stool compared with those who received the oral vaccine alone, according to a study in The Lancet. Reuters (7/10)
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Measurement type affects dosing errors in child medications
Parents who used a teaspoon or a tablespoon to measure doses of child medication had a twofold increased risk of making a dosing error compared with those who measured the medication in milliliters, a study in the journal Pediatrics showed. Among the 287 parents included in the study, 39% made an error in measuring out the dose, while 41% did not know the correct prescribed dose. DailyRx.com (7/13)
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Trends & Technology
Exercise during late pregnancy lowers fat in infants
Babies born to women who exercised regularly during their third trimester had less fat than those born to less-active mothers, according to a study in Obstetrics & Gynecology. Researchers said exercise did not affect lean mass. HealthDay News (7/9)
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Gain awareness from neonatal experts
Your neonatal nursing education is important in providing the optimal care for your patients. When you attend NANN's Annual Educational Conference, you will learn from highly qualified professionals in the neonatal nursing profession. Back by popular demand, Mary Coughlin, RN, MS, NNP, will present the physiologic and psychoemotional impact of trauma exposure in the NICU at Friday's general session. This session will allow you to gain awareness on self-care strategies designed to preserve and protect their professional integrity. Groups that learn together succeed together! NANN members can save $55 registration when a group of five or more NANN members, from the same institution, register together. Grab your friends and colleagues and travel to Phoenix, Sept. 10 to 13, where you can earn up to 23.5 CNE contact hours and 6.25 pharmacology hours. Don't miss out! Register by Monday, Aug. 4, and save $100 off your registration fee. Register now.
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Interested in presenting your research?
NANN's Program Planning Committee invites you to submit your abstract for presentation at the 2015 Annual Educational Conference! Abstracts should appeal to both the novice and expert neonatal nurse. Suggested areas of interest include: developmental care, pharmacology, advances in research, implementation of evidence-based practice and more. Personal findings and research are highly encouraged. The deadline to submit is Monday, Nov. 3. The 2015 annual conference will be held in Dallas, Oct. 22 to 25. Learn more.
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Too often we underestimate the power of a touch, a smile, a kind word, a listening ear."
-- Leo Buscaglia,
American author and motivational speaker
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