Study finds cultural differences in body-size perception | Greater exposure to stress may raise depression risk among teen girls | Study rejects link between early epidural use, childbirth complications
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October 14, 2014
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Women's Health Update
Study finds cultural differences in body-size perception
A study of 69 African-American women says those who were overweight or obese had different definitions of body size, and many did not find their body image to be overweight compared with medical definitions. Researchers said cultural differences in body-size perception may affect communication between clinicians and patients when talking about weight. The findings were published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. News (10/6)
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Greater exposure to stress may raise depression risk among teen girls
Teenage girls had more symptoms of depression, compared with their male counterparts, according to a study in the journal Clinical Psychological Science. Researchers also found that girls' exposure to interpersonal dependent stressors was greater than that of boys. Science World Report (10/9)
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Obstetrics Focus
Study rejects link between early epidural use, childbirth complications
Researchers reviewed nine studies involving more than 15,000 first-time mothers and found that early use of epidurals during childbirth does not appear to raise the risk of delivery complications compared with later use. The study, published in The Cochrane Library, suggests the right time to give an epidural during labor is when the woman asks for pain relief, researchers said. HealthDay News (10/9)
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Prepregnancy intake of fried foods may raise gestational diabetes risk
Women who ate fried foods at least seven times a week before pregnancy were 88% more likely to develop gestational diabetes than those who consumed such foods less than once a week, according to a study in Diabetologia. Researchers also noted higher disease odds in those who ate fried foods prepared outside of the home compared with those who consumed home-cooked versions. (10/8)
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AWHONN Spotlight on Research
Women who were adopted face higher preterm birth risk
Women who were adopted or placed in foster care were four times as likely to deliver their babies preterm, compared with those who were never placed outside the home during childhood, according to a new study. The findings suggest that a history of adoption or foster care placement is an important risk factor for preterm birth -- on par with other risk factors including prior history of preterm birth, body mass index, African-American race and advanced maternal age. The study, published in the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, involved 302 pregnant women who were pooled from two prospective studies of maternal mood and behavior and fetal and infant development. Thirteen percent reported a history of out-of-home placement in childhood. Even after adjusting for maternal demographic characteristics, history of childhood maltreatment, stress during pregnancy and health behaviors, these women had a fourfold increased risk of preterm birth. The authors assert that more study is needed to understand the reasons for the connection. Read the abstract.
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Neonatal Health
Zinc linked to fewer respiratory infections in infants
Researchers studied 272 infants in New Delhi and found that short-course prophylactic zinc supplementation was associated with lower rates and shorter duration of acute respiratory infections compared with a placebo. The findings were presented at a meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Healio (free registration)/Infectious Diseases in Children (10/12)
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Many sudden infant deaths happen while sleeping on sofas
Nearly 1,024 of all sleep-related infant deaths across 24 states -- almost 13% -- from 2004 to 2012 took place on a sofa, according to a study published in the journal Pediatrics. Almost 75% of these deaths involved babies aged 3 months or younger, researchers said. The New York Times (tiered subscription model) (10/13), Science World Report (10/13)
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Incorrect use of infant car seats is common among new parents
Almost 80% of 267 new parents said they were somewhat or very confident that they installed infant car seats correctly, but 95% of them made at least one critical error, according to a study presented at the AAP conference. Loose harness was the most common mistake, followed by loose installed seats and incorrect angling. (10/10)
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Other News
National nursing organizations release women's health clinical nurse specialist competencies
The Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses and the National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists released the first-ever competencies for women's heath clinical nurse specialists. They are available for download free of charge. Learn more.
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New episode of Nursing Success TV now available!
Wherever you are, you can catch the latest episode of Nursing Success TV, your source for information and inspiration delivered by your peers in nursing. Available from any computer or mobile device, this month's show features Dr. Phyllis Quinlan, RN and professional nursing coach, on why the journey to Magnet status is healthy for your career and Cheryl Scibelli, CGRN, endoscopy charge nurse, on how her career evolved, why nursing associations matter and what new nursing grads can do to land good jobs. View the full episode now.
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