Lower breast cancer risk seen with higher fiber intake in adolescence, study finds | USPSTF calls for all adults to be screened for depression | Study: Brain damage may occur after birth, not during delivery
February 2, 2016
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Lower breast cancer risk seen with higher fiber intake in adolescence, study finds
Women who had higher total dietary fiber intake during adolescence and early adulthood had a reduced risk of developing breast cancer compared with those who had lower fiber intake, according to a study in Pediatrics. Researchers evaluated 90,534 premenopausal women and also found an association between lower breast cancer risk and higher intakes of both soluble and insoluble fiber. PhysiciansBriefing.com/HealthDay News (2/1)
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USPSTF calls for all adults to be screened for depression
The US Preventive Services Task Force recommended all US adults be screened for depression, especially pregnant or postpartum women, in a final statement that updates 2009 guidance. The recommendations, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, carry a B rating. Reuters (1/26), The New York Times (free-article access for SmartBrief readers) (1/26)
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Obstetrics Focus
Study: Brain damage may occur after birth, not during delivery
Brain damage in newborns may be linked to conditions after birth and not during the delivery process, researchers wrote in the Journal of Perinatology. Data from 18 newborns with chorioamnionitis infection and 14 with severe anemia indicated the conditions affected the infants after birth, and researchers suggested closer scrutiny of the first two hours post-delivery when looking for the cause of nonpreventable adverse neurological outcomes. HealthDay News (1/29)
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Study: Exposure to air pollution increases premature birth risk
Researchers found that women exposed to high levels of PM 2.5 fine particles during pregnancy had a 19% higher risk of having premature birth, with exposure in the third trimester tied to a 28% increased risk, compared with those exposed to lower levels of air pollution. The findings in the journal Environmental Health were based on an evaluation of almost 225,000 records of singleton births in Ohio between 2007 to 2010. Medical News Today (1/27)
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AWHONN Spotlight on Research
Exploring fear of childbirth in the United States
Pregnancy and childbirth are significant events for any woman, and general fear about impending childbirth is recognized as normal; however, some women present with excessive fear of childbirth. Authors in JOGNN analyze the readability and applicability of the Wijma Delivery Expectancy Questionnaire (W-DEQ), an instrument used to measure fear of childbirth, within a diverse population of women in the United States. Read the article in JOGNN.
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Featured Content
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Neonatal Health
CDC recommends Zika testing for at-risk newborn infants
The CDC issued new guidance recommending newborns undergo testing for Zika virus infection if their mothers tested positive or inconclusive for the virus, or have reported symptoms of the disease while living abroad in an affected region or within two weeks of travel to such a region. "Even if your child doesn't have calcifications or microcephaly, it's important that a baby born to a mother infected during pregnancy be tested for other complications," said Dr. H. Cody Meissner, a member of AAP's committee on infectious diseases. "There can be neurological damage, or hearing or visual abnormalities." The New York Times (free-article access for SmartBrief readers) (1/26)
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More breast-feeding worldwide could prevent children's deaths, study shows
Breast feeding
(Hector Retamal/AFP/Getty Images)
There would be almost 800,000 fewer children's deaths, which is equivalent to 13% of all deaths among children younger than 2, if almost all women across the world breast-fed their infants and young children, according to a study in The Lancet. Researchers found that worldwide breast-feeding could also prevent around half of all diarrhea cases and one-third of respiratory infections in low- and middle-income countries. HealthDay News (1/29)
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Learn more about the 2016 AWHONN Convention
Enhance your professional knowledge and skills by attending the 2016 AWHONN Annual Convention, June 11-15 in Grapevine, Texas. The AWHONN convention offers more than 80 educational sessions, workshops, paper presentations and other events that provide tools and strategies to improve the quality of patient care and safety. Learn more in the 2016 AWHONN Convention Preliminary Brochure.
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Take your nursing career to the next level
AWHONN's career-management service is designed to help you manage all aspects of your career, as well as fulfill any staffing needs you may have. Whether you are looking for free career tips, resume critiques and writing services or help developing your online profile, AWHONN's career-management service is here to help. Visit the AWHONN Career Center today for more information.
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Power does not corrupt. Fear corrupts, perhaps fear of a loss of power."
-- John Steinbeck,
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