Radiation from mammograms may be lower than previously thought, study finds | Study looks at trend of light smoking in young U.S. women | Study assesses weight-based cortisol levels in women
July 21, 2015
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Women's Health Update
Radiation from mammograms may be lower than previously thought, study finds
A study presented at the American Association of Physicists in Medicine's annual meeting suggests that radiation exposure during a mammogram screening may be 20% to 35% lower than estimated. Findings were based on a calculation of radiation dose in glandular tissue using anatomical data from 219 women. PhysiciansBriefing.com/HealthDay News (7/15)
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Study looks at trend of light smoking in young U.S. women
Researchers evaluated 9,789 U.S. women aged between 18 and 25 and found that 27% identified as very light smokers, meaning they smoked five or fewer cigarettes a day. The findings in the journal Preventing Chronic Disease also revealed that many light smokers believed occasional smoking is not harmful to their health. Time.com (7/16)
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Other News
Crunching the Numbers
Your passion may have led you into business, but tracking cash flow and other key numbers will help keep your company up and running. Read Boomtown: Think Like a Startup

Obstetrics Focus
Similar pregnancy outcomes with low-GI, high-fiber diet in at-risk women
Women at risk for gestational diabetes delivered babies with mean birth weight, birth weight centile and neonatal adiposity within the normal range after undergoing a low-glycemic index diet or a high-fiber, moderate-glycemic index diet at 14 to 20 weeks of gestation, according to a study in Diabetes Care. The findings were based on 139 women with average prepregnancy body mass index of 25.2 kg/m2. Healio (free registration)/Endocrine Today (7/20)
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Prenatal ultrasound utilization increases
Prenatal ultrasound.
(Stephen Morton/Getty Images)
The number of routine prenatal ultrasound procedures increased 92% from 2004 to 2014, according to claims data, reaching 5.2 per delivery. Although the value of prenatal ultrasound is clear, medical experts warn frequent scans for women with low-risk pregnancies may not be medically justified and could promote false positives and other harms. Medical societies recommend only one or two for low-risk women, and obstetric experts recommend the scans be administered by a certified operator. The Wall Street Journal (tiered subscription model) (7/17), The Wall Street Journal (tiered subscription model) (7/17), DOTMed.com (7/21)
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AWHONN Spotlight on Research
Nurses play vital part in caring for families with stillbirth
Though there are risk factors for intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD), or stillbirth, in many cases the etiology is unknown. Nursing for Women's Health authors review risk factors associated with IUFD, list nursing care interventions during the intrapartum and postpartum periods and describe ways in which nurses can support a family during the grieving process. Read the abstract in NWH.
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Neonatal Health
Study assesses stem cell transplants for infantile osteopetrosis
Infants with osteopetrosis who received hematopoietic stem cells from human leukocyte antigen-matched siblings had higher survival rates than patients who received grafts from HLA-mismatched relatives, HLA-matched nonrelatives and HLA-mismatched nonrelatives. The study in the journal Blood was based on data from 193 patients. Clinical Endocrinology News (7/18)
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FAEE meconium levels at birth tied to later cognitive development
Researchers analyzed the meconium, or first stool, of 216 babies for levels of fatty acid ethyl ester and found that those with high FAEE levels at birth had lower IQ scores when they were given intelligence tests at age 9, 11 and 15. The researchers, reporting in the Journal of Pediatrics, said that high levels of FAEE in the meconium resulted from the mother's alcohol use during pregnancy and could indicate that a child is at risk for cognitive difficulties later in life. eMPR.com (7/14)
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Call for presentations -- 2016 AWHONN Convention
AWHONN is soliciting abstracts for oral or poster presentations at the 2016 AWHONN Annual Convention in Grapevine, Texas, June 11-15. Presenting at the AWHONN convention ensures your informational session, research, case study or innovative program will be heard or viewed by a highly skilled, sophisticated, and influential body of nurses. There are five submission options: Specialty session; research study (paper or poster); evidence-based quality improvement project (paper or poster); innovative program (paper or poster); and case study (poster). Get more information on criteria, find further instructions and access AWHONN's electronic submission site. If you have any questions, please contact Carolyn Schick at cschick@awhonn.org. All abstracts are due no later than Sept. 10.
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Maternal mortality in the U.S.
The maternal mortality rate in the U.S. has been on the rise over the past 25 years. But California, home to 1 in every 8 of the nation's births, has reduced the rate of maternal death. In 2007 the state found that more than 40% of deaths were avoidable and introduced plans to manage the two leading preventable causes of maternal death in 2010. California's maternal-mortality rate was reduced to just over 6 deaths per 100,000 pregnancies compared with almost 17 in 2006. Seeing California's success, federal, state and other professional organizations have taken notice. Read more in The Economist.
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