Youths who received any breast-feeding for at least 12 months or full breast-feeding for at least six months had lower odds of developing type 1 diabetes, compared with those who were never breast-fed, Norwegian researchers reported in Diabetes Care. The findings were based on data involving 155,392 children in Denmark and Norway followed from birth until 2014 or 2015.
The rate of pregnant women with hepatitis C infections at the time of delivery rose from 1.8 per 1,000 live births in 2009 to 3.4 in 2014, amid the ongoing opioid epidemic, CDC researchers reported in the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. The findings also showed an increased hepatitis C infection risk among those who smoked cigarettes and those who had hepatitis B during pregnancy.
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A 26-year-old Nebraska woman who contracted the Zika virus during a trip to Mexico gave birth to a healthy baby girl Tuesday. The hospital is waiting for results of a blood test to show whether the infant had Zika, and monitoring will continue for symptoms of Zika-related effects.
A population-based French study associated vaginal delivery of twins with a lower risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality when the first twin is in a cephalic position, compared with cesarean delivery. Researchers wrote in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology that a planned vaginal birth should be recommended for these women from 32 and 37 weeks of gestation.
Increased rates of maternal mortality in the United States and the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension, especially among women who live in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities, underscore the importance of interventions tailored to pregnant women with hypertension and diabetes. Authors in JOGNN examine perinatal nurse home visiting services for these high-risk women. Read the abstract in JOGNN.
Studies presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies meeting showed benefits for newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome when they stayed with their mothers in the same hospital room and when they were given methadone or buprenorphine instead of morphine. "There is consistent emerging evidence that rooming-in is more effective than standard care in the NICU with the mother separated from the baby," said Dr. Kathryn MacMillan of Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center.
Researchers found that American Indians and Alaska Natives had the highest prevalence of sudden, unexplained infant deaths in 2013, while Asians and Pacific Islanders had the lowest SUID rates. The findings, based on 1995 to 2013 data and published in Pediatrics, also showed significant declines in SUID rates among Asians and Pacific Islanders, Hispanics and non-Hispanic blacks.
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The 2017 AWHONN Resource Catalog features products on fetal heart monitoring, postpartum anxiety disorders, neonatal care, CNE courses and more! AWHONN members are eligible to receive certain products at a discounted rate and webinars for free. Download the 2017 Resource Catalog.
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