Scientists target mosquitoes to fight Zika virus | View AVMA's One Health resources | EHV-1 sparks quarantines in Ill., Ariz.
February 1, 2016
Animal Health SmartBrief
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Veterinary Medicine Update
Scientists target mosquitoes to fight Zika virus
Infant undergoing treatment for microcephaly.
Infant undergoing treatment for microcephaly. (Mario Tama/Getty Images)
Scientists around the world are combating the Zika virus, declared a public health emergency by the World Health Organization on Monday. The virus is linked to microcephaly in infants, and scientists hope to fight back by targeting the mosquito Aedes aegypti, which transmits Zika along with other zoonotic pathogens. One team is releasing mosquitoes genetically modified so that their offspring will inherit a lethal gene, and early counts suggest the larval mosquito population in the area has declined by 82%. Another approach involves infecting mosquitoes with a bacterium that inhibits their ability to contract and transmit viruses. Experts hope the methods will give rise to an approach that is more effective than traditional mosquito control approaches. The New York Times (free-article access for SmartBrief readers) (1/30), The Huffington Post (2/1)
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EHV-1 sparks quarantines in Ill., Ariz.
Equine herpesvirus-1 was diagnosed in a horse at an Illinois farm, and two other horses were so ill they had to be euthanized but weren't tested for the virus. State officials said eight horses in all were affected. They placed the farm under quarantine, and several nearby equine facilities followed with a voluntary quarantine. In Arizona, a New Mexico horse was euthanized after EHV-1 was diagnosed, and a quarantine was imposed at a Phoenix racing facility. Daily Herald (Arlington Heights, Ill.) (1/30), (Phoenix)/The Associated Press (1/29)
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Porcine parainfluenza virus 1 exposure may be common in swine herds, study finds
Kansas State Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory researchers found evidence of porcine parainfluenza virus 1 exposure in 50% to 60% of serology samples from a group of 300 submitted to the laboratory for testing after signs of respiratory disease were noted. They noted that the virus reproduces in the upper respiratory tract and multiple subtypes may be present in the US. Although it tends not to cause severe disease in animals, the virus does affect herd health. High Plains Journal (Dodge City, Kan.)/K-State Research and Extension (1/30)
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3D printing puts dog back on 4 feet
A 3D-printed prosthesis with articulated joints successfully mimics the motion of a dog's leg and provides mobility for a lucky whippet in Mexico. The leg was created at the Universidad del Valle de Mexico's veterinary hospital, where specialists used 3D printing to accurately reproduce the natural shape of the dog's leg and allow for quick and precise sizing. Reuters (1/29)
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Animal News
Mich. home packed with ill-cared-for exotic animals, authorities say
The St. Joseph County Sheriff's Department in Michigan found wallabies, sugar gliders, a tarantula, a large venomous spider, a coatimundi, fish, an exotic rodent and a monkey all living in poor conditions in a home. The owners, who previously owned an exotic-animal pet store, were arraigned Friday on charges including animal abandonment and cruelty. (Michigan) (free registration) (2/1)
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Dog with rare spinal deformity found as a stray
Rescuers discovered a stray German shepherd with spinal deformities that left him with an abnormally short torso, a rare condition caused by compression of spinal tissue. The dog, winning hearts in his foster home, is called Quasimodo, and he will likely be available for adoption after other problems he incurred while a stray are addressed. WCCO-TV (Minneapolis) (1/30)
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Around the Office
What to do when you have to fire someone
Before firing an employee, make sure the employee has had an opportunity to correct the problem, writes Anese Cavanaugh. "Getting fired should never come as a huge surprise," she writes. If it's really time to cut ties with the employee, make time for a long conversation and acknowledge the work the employee has done. Harvard Business Review online (tiered subscription model) (1/28)
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AVMA in the News
Canine influenza update: Thousands of cases across the US
Sleeping dog.
(Matt Cardy/Getty Images)
Thousands of US dogs have been affected by H3N2 canine influenza because "dogs, like people, move all around the world," AVMA President Dr. Joseph Kinnarney says. Most dogs have no symptoms or are only mildly affected, but in some cases, dogs need intensive treatment to recover. Infected dogs are contagious for up to three weeks -- longer than other influenza viruses -- even if they're not exhibiting symptoms. Dr. Kinnarney recommends the H3N2 vaccine series for at-risk dogs, which includes those regularly exposed to other dogs. National Public Radio (1/29)
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AVMA Today
It's Pet Dental Health Month! View AVMA's dental health resources
February is more than National Pet Dental Health Month: It's also an opportunity for veterinarians to educate pet owners on the importance of good dental health and strengthen and extend their relationships with clients. To help spread that message, the AVMA has a variety of tools to help veterinarians observe National Pet Dental Health Month in their clinics, including client handouts and brochures, social media tips and a press release for distribution to local media. These resources remind the public that routine cleanings not only can help prevent periodontal disease but also detect hidden health problems. View AVMA's Pet Dental Health: Veterinary Toolkit.
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Lineage, personality, and environment may shape you, but they do not define your full potential."
-- Mollie Marti,
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