What's driving emergence of zoonoses? | <a href="https://www.avma.org/KB/Resources/Reference/Pages/One-Health.aspx?utm_source=smartbrief&amp;utm_medium=email&amp;utm_campaign=smartbrief-article" target="_blank">View AVMA's One Health resources</a> | Vesicular stomatitis tally: 13 sites in Texas, 3 in Colo.
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July 24, 2014
Animal Health SmartBrief
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What's driving emergence of zoonoses?
The emergence of worrisome zoonotic diseases such as chikungunya virus and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus is driven by numerous factors. Climate change affects the distribution of insects that transmit disease, and increasing contact between humans and wildlife facilitates the transfer of some illnesses such as Ebola. Unique aspects of the viruses themselves, such as changes to their genomes, also contribute to virulence. The Conversation (Australia) (7/23)
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Vesicular stomatitis tally: 13 sites in Texas, 3 in Colo.
Texas has reported vesicular stomatitis at 13 locations this year and Colorado has seen the disease at three, prompting several states to impose more stringent livestock import rules in order to prevent the disease from spreading. The disease, caused by a rhabdovirus, can sometimes infect humans, causing flu-like symptoms, especially in those with close contact with infected animals. Vector control is an important aspect of disease prevention, as biting flies are the main source of transmission, although some fomite transmission may occur. DairyHerd.com (7/22)
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Panel warns against complacent approach to vCJD risk
The U.K. Commons Select Science and Technology Committee says more action is needed to manage the risk of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and stronger protections are needed to limit the risk of infection via blood transfusion or contaminated surgical equipment. It's estimated that 1 in 2,000 people in the U.K. may be carrying vCJD, a prion disease contracted by eating meat from cows infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy, and 177 have died of the disease since it was detected in 1995. BBC (7/23)
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FMD surfaces in S. Korea
Foot-and-mouth disease has surfaced in South Korea, two months after the nation was declared free of the disease. The news came a day after reports of a suspected case at a North Gyeongsang Province swine farm. Some 600 pigs demonstrating signs of illness will be culled. Yonhap News Agency (South Korea) (free content) (7/24)
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Other News
Which cat will live longer? The one without heartworms.
Indoor cats' life spans trend longer—provided they're heartworm free. By one estimate, 25% of cats diagnosed with heartworms are "indoor-only" cats. Don't let your clients' false sense of security cause them to forgo year-round prevention against this devastating disease. Learn more.
Animal News
What pet owners should know about rattlesnake bites
Veterinarian Darren Woodson explains the threat posed to people and pets during rattlesnake season in parts of the U.S. Dr. Woodson's clinic has already treated two cases involving rattlesnake bites this season -- he usually only sees one case per year. A bite constitutes a medical emergency, and immediate transportation to a veterinarian's office is necessary. Dr. Woodson explains how to limit the spread of venom while getting an animal to the veterinarian and the considerations for treatment and prognosis. The Daily Times (Farmington, N.M.) (free registration) (7/22)
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Green-eyed monster appears to nag canines, too
It turns out that people aren't the only species that acts jealous when an important relationship appears threatened, according to a recent study. Dogs exhibit jealous behavior, including trying to physically separate their owner and a stuffed animal receiving the owner's attention and also snapping at the stuffed animal. The authors suspect jealousy might be an important attribute of animals that rely on developed social relationships. Discovery (7/23), National Public Radio/Shots blog (7/23)
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Other News
Around the Office
Want to be a good public speaker? Practice, practice, practice
The best public speakers practice, practice and then practice more, writes Carmine Gallo. He advises spending at least 10 hours rehearsing each major presentation. "Being an average speaker -- or even a 'good' one -- won't get you the notice you deserve," he writes. Forbes (7/22)
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Association News
Important phone numbers for veterinarians
The AVMA has developed a list of important phone numbers for veterinarians and veterinary professionals that puts the numbers you need to know at your fingertips. These numbers include organizations involved with animal drugs, disease outbreaks, food safety, insurance and many others. View AVMA's hotline resources.
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Progress begins with the belief that what is necessary is possible."
-- Norman Cousins,
American journalist
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The news summaries appearing in Animal Health SmartBrief are based on original information from news organizations and are produced by SmartBrief, Inc., an independent e-mail newsletter publisher. The AVMA is not responsible for the content of sites that are external to the AVMA. Linking to a website does not constitute an endorsement by the AVMA of the site or the information presented on the site. Questions and comments should be directed to SmartBrief at avma@smartbrief.com.
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