A domino-size ultrasound scanner can detect abnormal brain activity and seizures through the anterior fontanelles in real time and could be used to monitor infants' brain function. Researchers reported in Science Translational Medicine that the probe distinguished active and quiet sleep, and, when combined with EEG, not only detected seizures in two at-risk infants but also identified where in the brain the seizures originated.
Ultrasonographic imaging of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and joint pain can predict their risk for inflammatory arthritis, allowing early initiation of drug therapy that can delay progression and minimize damage, according to a study published in Arthritis Research & Therapy.
Medical centers including Albany Medical Center and Saratoga Hospital in New York are adding automated breast ultrasound imaging to better detect cancer in dense breast tissue. Lesions appear dark against lighter healthy tissue on ultrasound images, and though hand-held ultrasound is effective, automated ultrasound may be faster.
Scientists with the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke published images from humans and marmosets in eLife documenting the brain's lymphatic system, which had been thought not to exist until a central nervous system lymphatic system was discovered in mice in 2015. The lymph vessels are concealed inside the thick, leatherlike dura mater and run alongside much larger blood vessels, making them difficult to detect on an MRI.
Routine use of patient-reported symptoms and outcomes at Partners HealthCare in Boston improved patient care and enhanced physician satisfaction, according to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine. "The knowledge gained from these assessments often differed from physicians' long-held assumptions and helped them better ally with patients during the recovery process," according to the study authors.
The use of proton pump inhibitors may allow the overgrowth of intestinal Enterococcus, causing liver inflammation and necrosis, researchers reported in Nature Communications. Enterococcus levels rose in healthy volunteers who took the proton pump inhibitor omeprazole for 14 days, researchers found.
Researchers said traces of infectious viruses were less likely to be found on sleeves or wrists of physicians wearing white coats with sleeves above the elbow, compared with long-sleeve coats. The study was presented at the IDWeek conference.
Most of the 1% of infants born with congenital heart disease will reach adulthood, but these children are more likely to develop lifelong disorders such as autism, cardiac arrhythmias and respiratory problems than those without CHD, researchers reported in the journal Nature Genetics. The authors report an association between some autism-linked genes and CHD, and they found respiratory ailments associated with cilia defects in some patients with congestive heart failure.
A study presented at the annual meeting of the North American Menopause Society found women who experienced at least three traumatic events, such as sexual harassment, natural disasters or the death of a child, were more likely to have poorer endothelial function compared with women who had fewer traumatic experiences. The findings were based on data for 272 postmenopausal and perimenopausal women.
The FDA's newly formed Patient Engagement Advisory Committee will hold a two-day meeting starting today to discuss patient input into medical device clinical trials with a focus on improving recruitment, retention and results communication. The meeting is open to the public and involves roundtable conversations with companies, including Boston Scientific and Johnson & Johnson.
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