A lightweight, stretchable electronic skin invented by Takao Someya of the University of Tokyo is as sensitive as human skin and could one day be used to transmit brain signals to control a prosthetic limb.
Harvard's Wyss Institute and ReWalk are collaborating on a soft exoskeleton to help stroke and multiple sclerosis patients as well as seniors who need mobility assistance. Researchers hope to one day make the suit like a second skin that users can wear under their clothes.
A number of prosthetists are using technology from Standard Cyborg to create 3D-printed prosthetic sockets. The company, which provides an iPad Mini and a hand-held scanner, will print the sockets or the prosthetist may do so. Standard Cyborg hopes to someday apply the software to producing arm and leg prostheses, but the thermoplastic used in 3D printing is not yet strong enough.
Patients who use Invokana or Invokamet, Janssen's diabetes drugs that go by the generic name canagliflozin, could be two times more likely to have foot and leg amputations compared with a placebo group, the FDA warned in a safety alert. The alert is based on an ongoing clinical trial that found amputation rates for canagliflozin were seven per 1,000 patients at the 100 milligrams-per-day dose and five per 1,000 for the 300-milligram dose, but three per 1,000 for placebo. A second, similar study has not shown the same rates, and the FDA is still investigating if the drug increases amputation risk.
A UK study in The Journal of Clinical Investigation revealed that a part of a bacterium activates killer T cells to destroy insulin-producing cells, which can result in the development of type 1 diabetes. "This finding sheds new light on how these killer T cells are turned into rogues, leading to the development of type 1 diabetes," said study co-author Dr. David Cole.
Wounds heal not only by replacing lost cells through cell division but also by maintaining the size and function of injured tissue by enlarging existing cells, according to research led by Vicki Losick, an assistant professor at Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory. Losick discovered the mechanism, which she calls wound-induced polyploidy, in fruit flies and confirmed with Johns Hopkins University researchers that it also happens in mammals. The findings could lead to new research on genes or drugs to help promote healing.
The CMS will invest $5 billion for the development of new systems that would replace the current Medicaid management information systems used in most US states. Vendors Optum Government Solutions, TriZetto and Medecision will upgrade the functions of the existing MMIS systems.
The rate of Americans without health insurance dropped from 14.4% in 2013 before the expansion of Medicaid coverage to a record low of 9.1% in 2015, according to a CDC survey. States that expanded Medicaid also saw a drop of 8.6 percentage points in uninsured rate, compared with 5.2 percentage points in states that did not expand the program, the data showed.
During the 2016 National Assembly, AOPA will be hosting the 9th Annual Wine Tasting & Auction, on Friday, Sept. 9, from 6:00 p.m. -8:00 p.m. This exciting event provides attendees with a unique opportunity to mingle, network, learn about and taste a variety of wines, but most importantly raise awareness of and funds for AOPA's government relations outreach. View the donation form.