A report from the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics showed the preterm birth rate in the US increased from 9.57% to 9.85% from 2014 to 2016. The increase mainly was due to more late preterm births, particularly those at 36 weeks.
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A study on nursing and the media that was conducted in 1997 and updated in 2017 found that nurses are rarely quoted in news stories about health care policy, the business of health care and research, writes Carole Myers, senior fellow with the George Washington University Center for Health Policy and Media Engagement and an associate professor at the University of Tennessee College of Nursing. "The message was loud and clear: Nurses are not viewed as experts or as key leaders, and so are not good sources. The lack of nursing representation in the media is part of deep-rooted gender disparities in the media," Myers writes.
Individuals with systolic blood pressure of 130 mm Hg or higher at age 50 were 45% more likely to develop dementia, compared with those with lower systolic BP, French researchers reported in European Heart Journal. The findings also showed a 47% higher likelihood of dementia among individuals who weren't diagnosed with cardiovascular disease but had higher-than-normal systolic BP at age 50, but neither elevated systolic BP at ages 60 or 70 nor diastolic BP were tied to increased dementia risk.
PwC's Health Research Institute projects 6% growth in employer medical costs for next year driven by market consolidation and costly new medications and health care services. The growth rate falls within the 5.5% to 7% range recorded during the past five years, but PWC's Barbara Gniewek noted that although health costs are stabilizing, they are "still increasing at an uncontrolled level and are ultimately unsustainable."
Numerous factors contributed to the rise in cancer cases over the past decade, and unhealthy lifestyles played a key role in the development of those diseases, according to a study by the Global Burden of Disease Cancer Collaboration. Making lifestyle changes is key to prevention, and activities such as eating healthy foods, quitting smoking, exercising regularly and using sun protection could help reduce the risk of developing cancer.
Sanofi Pasteur's dengue vaccine Dengvaxia was associated with increased risk of severe dengue infections and hospitalization among inoculated children who had not been previously exposed to the virus, according to a study in The New England Journal of Medicine. Experts recommended vaccination in dengue-endemic regions only after confirmation of prior infections.
The repeal of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate penalty and the proposed expansion of short-term health plans and association health plans will lead to higher premiums for the 2019 plan year, according to a report from the American Academy of Actuaries. "The individual market, which had shown signs of stabilizing, now faces a potential deterioration of the risk pool due to policy changes that reduce incentives for healthy individuals to enroll," says senior health fellow Cori Uccello.
Merck's Keytruda, or pembrolizumab, was approved by the FDA to treat pediatric and adult patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma who received two or more lines of therapy. The decision was backed by data from KEYNOTE-170 study, in which Keytruda treatment achieved a 45% response rate and a complete response rate of 11%.
You won't be happy, whatever you do, unless you're comfortable with your own conscience.
Lucille Ball, entertainer and producer
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