Researchers found that noise levels in the NICU averaged slightly below 59 decibels and peaked at about 87 decibels, compared with the maximum noise level of 45 decibels recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics. The findings in the Journal of Pediatrics, based on data involving 58 preterm infants in the NICU at St. Louis Children's Hospital, also showed those in private rooms had increased exposure to long periods of silence, compared with those in open wards.
Data showed 3.9% of eligible current and former smokers in 2015 said they had lung cancer screening in the past year, compared with 3.3% in 2010, according to a study in JAMA Oncology. Researchers suggested that reasons for low screening levels may include a lack of access to high-quality screening and lack of knowledge about screening recommendations.
UK researchers found that cancer survivors appreciated the convenience and flexibility of using telehealth for follow-up consultations and meetings with their health care providers. Cancer survivors also said telehealth lets them feel more comfortable voicing concerns they would avoid bringing up during face-to-face doctor visits, lowers their sense of vulnerability and helps them return to their daily lives.
Finnish researchers found that children whose mothers consumed more than 500 milligrams of glycyrrhizin sweetener, the equivalent of about 8.8 ounces of pure licorice, weekly during pregnancy had seven points lower average IQ test scores and a threefold higher likelihood of developing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder at age 13, compared with those whose mothers consumed the least licorice. The findings in the American Journal of Epidemiology also showed increased odds of early puberty and higher body mass index among girls in the high-consumption group.
The first grants of up to $1.5 million each have been awarded by the Chan Zuckerberg Biohub to 47 biomedical research projects, ranging from memory retrieval to genomics. The initiative is a partnership between Facebook co-founder Mark Zuckerberg, his wife Priscilla Chan, Stanford University, the University of California at Berkeley and the University of California at San Francisco.
Companies today are finding they have to do more to retain talented employees, and successful efforts take employee health and work-life balance into account, HR consultants say. Ways to improve retention include offering fair compensation, providing flexible shifts and work locations, showing respect, empowering workers, offering good benefits, and helping workers improve their business and management skills.
Researchers at the University of California at Irvine found that most patients who underwent amyloid PET imaging said they felt relieved by the scans regardless of outcome, but some caregivers felt sadness or despair because of the results. The findings in Alzheimer's & Dementia, based on interviews involving 26 patient-caregiver pairs, also showed that several patients were unaware that amyloid PET can't provide a definitive diagnosis of their condition, prompting researchers to urge clinicians to set appropriate expectations for diagnostic confidence.
Patient groups including the American Cancer Society, American Diabetes Association, American Heart Association, American Lung Association and the National Multiple Sclerosis Society are urging Congress to tread lightly with any Affordable Care Act replacement legislation that penalizes people who do not maintain continuous insurance coverage. People who lose insurance for reasons beyond their control should be allowed to reenter the market without being penalized, says Dick Woodruff, vice president for federal relations at the American Cancer Society.
The White House has indicated support for a federal "right to try" law that would allow terminally ill patients greater access to experimental medications that haven't been approved by the FDA. Similar measures have been approved in 31 states.
Shaping an Ethical Environment is the theme for the 4th National Nursing Ethics Conference (NNEC). Nurses are actively engaged in influencing the processes and actions that create ethical environments and directly impact the nurse, the delivery of care, inter-professional collaboration and ultimately, patient outcomes. Recognizing that nurses' voices are required to participate in shaping those environments, the conference will emphasize the development of skills needed to manage ethical dilemmas and to enhance practice and leadership. Don't delay -- early bird registration ends Feb. 21. Lock in your spot today.
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