Chinese researchers found that nonsmoking women in homes with two or more smokers in childhood were 20% more likely to have pregnancy loss, while those who were exposed to smoke at least five times weekly had 14% higher odds of miscarriage, compared with those without childhood secondhand smoke exposure. However, the findings in the journal Tobacco Control, based on data involving nearly 20,000 women in China, showed no increased miscarriage risk among those who lived with only one smoker or those who were exposed to smoke fewer than five times a week.
The number of organ transplants in the US reached a new record for the fourth consecutive year, with more than 33,600 transplants performed in 2016, a 20% increase over 2012, according to the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network. Hospital transplant programs, organ procurement organizations and OPTN have worked hard to increase donation and recovery, but drug overdoses have also been a factor, according to the United Network for Organ Sharing.
A study conducted on 26 patients by researchers from Germany's University of Bonn found that curing hepatitis C using direct-acting antiviral drugs did not normalize the increased production of regulatory T-cells, which may raise the risk of liver cancer.
Almost half of inflammatory bowel disease patients who stop anti-TNF drugs when they achieve remission have a relapse, researchers reported in The American Journal of Gastroenterology. Researcher Maria Jose Casanova of Hospital Universitario de la Princesa in Madrid, said the study shows that although some patients may be able to stop anti-TNF therapy, it cannot be universally recommended. Read the abstract.
A 2016 report from the Montana Suicide Mortality Review Team called for primary care professionals to receive mandatory training on suicide prevention and risk assessment. Karl Rosston, the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services' state suicide prevention coordinator, said most patients' first point of contact for mental health issues is a primary care setting.
University of California at Los Angeles Health transitioned its blood administration processes to purely electronic bar code scanning from its previous hybrid electronic-paper format, which resulted in significant efficiencies. The initiative included two phases: the bar coding project and an embedded clinical decision support project, which led to an 18% decrease in red blood cell transfusion orders.
A report released by the Internet of Things Working Group says IoT technology can boost access to health care services, personalize patient care and decrease overall health care costs. The group also found that cybersecurity, data protection and improved interoperability for data analytics are challenges for the IoT industry.
A study that included 70 women found walking briskly may reduce the risk of heart disease, researchers wrote in the journal Creative Nursing. Study participants were asked to walk at moderate intensity for at least 150 minutes per week, and researchers found after 10 weeks, weight, blood pressure and cholesterol levels had improved.
Abbott Laboratories has provided a software patch to protect its St. Jude Medical cardiac devices from being hacked and to support patient safety after the Food and Drug Administration and the Department of Homeland Security confirmed claims about the devices' cybervulnerabilities. The FDA clarified that it did not receive any reports regarding cyberattacks on patients implanted with the devices.
A final guidance has been released by the FDA recommending a warning label for over-the-counter acetaminophen-containing products to indicate the risk for severe and potentially fatal skin reactions. A draft guidance was also issued for OTC products with aspirin to recommend the addition of an advisory that would instruct patients to consult a doctor before taking aspirin for cardiovascular conditions if the product package includes heart-related imagery.
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Steve Jobs, entrepreneur
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