Expert recommendations published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine outline how to improve mental health and well-being of employees in the workplace. The priorities include creating a mental health "how to" guide for employers, a scorecard to track interventions, a recognition program and executive training focused on mental health.
With low unemployment driving competition for employees, competitive pay and health care are the bare minimum for attracting the best talent. Discounts for purchasing fitness trackers and financial wellness initiatives are among the voluntary benefits that can help companies recruit and retain employees from the top of the field.
Emory University assistant professor David Prologo said regular exercise, good sleep and a diet created for change and recovery are evidence-based steps that can promote weight loss. The first goal is to increase exercise capacity to the catching point, where food preferences change, the metabolic rate increases and people have a good chance at following an exercise program that burns significant calories, he said.
Health care providers providing maternity and newborn services should have written breastfeeding policies, antenatal and post-birth care, and competent staff; should encourage rooming-in and responsive feeding; educate parents on bottle and pacifier use; limit breast milk substitutes; and provide maternal and infant support upon discharge, according to joint recommendations from the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Proper implementation of the guidelines "can significantly improve breastfeeding rates around the world and give children the best possible start in life," said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore.
Research published in Lancet Psychiatry found patients who had any type of traumatic brain injury had a 24% higher risk of dementia than those who did not experience a TBI. Even experiencing one mild TBI increased the risk of dementia by 17%.
An analysis of 25 studies that included more than 11.5 million patients found unintentional weight loss is a risk factor in 10 types of cancer, according to research published in the British Journal of General Practice. Researchers said more studies are needed to determine a weight-loss threshold.
A Canadian study in JAMA Psychiatry showed that adolescents with disordered eating behavior were more likely to develop depressive symptoms at every time point and experience bullying by peers at two time points during a five-year period. Peer bullying, disordered eating behavior and depressive symptoms were concurrently linked at all time points and researchers found a stronger association between eating disorders and depression risk among girls.
Kansas lawmakers have approved $10 million in funding to pilot a new mental health program in six school districts, with plans to expand it statewide in three years. The plan will initially focus on children in the foster care system, creating "behavioral health improvement teams" to lower suicide risk and boost student achievement.
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