Stephanie Slater, 26, of Longridge, England, who won swimming medals at the 2016 Paralympics in Rio de Janeiro, said she has had a slow recovery following a corneal transplant in October. "It's been a tough year, but I'm ready and raring to go and can't wait for the new season," Slater said.
Ovarian tissue transplants can be used to preserve the fertility of breast cancer patients with BRCA mutations, according to a retrospective analysis presented at a meeting of the European Society for Medical Oncology. Oocyte density and the rate of oocyte retrieval were lower for women with BRCA mutations than those without, but the differences were not statistically significant.
Teachers in England are being urged by NHS Blood and Transplant to teach secondary students about tissue and organ donation and encourage them to discuss the topic with family and friends. "In order to help the thousands of people who are waiting now for a transplant, we need people to say yes to organ donation when faced with making the decision," NHSBT official Sally Johnson said.
Cellect Biotechnology's ApoGraft therapy, a stem cell selection process that aims to lower the risk of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease in patients undergoing transplants, was granted an orphan drug designation by the FDA. Data from Cellect's Phase I/II clinical trial could be available in the first quarter of 2018.
A new batch of biotech mosquitoes was released in Brazil to fight diseases like Zika and chikungunya. The biotech mosquitoes contain the Wolbachia bacterium, which interferes with the mosquito's reproductive capacity.
Severe flooding in urban areas initially flushes out mosquito populations, but stagnant water that remains after floodwaters recede allow mosquito populations to explode, says epidemiologist and mosquito expert Chris Barker. West Nile virus is the primary concern in Houston, and Puerto Rico may see more mosquitoes carrying Zika and dengue viruses, Barker says.
The European Research Council has awarded a nearly $180,000 grant to a professor at Ireland's Trinity College to create a biodegradable 3D-printed implant that could help those with cartilage damage. "Our 3D-printed polymer posts will anchor the implant into the bone and will be porous to stimulate the migration of stem cells from the bone marrow into the body of the scaffold," said Daniel Kelly, the recipient of the grant.
Researchers reported in The Journal of Experimental Medicine that they used Zika virus' affinity for brain cells to destroy glioblastoma stem cells. A modified strain of Zika virus inhibited brain tumor growth in mice, and a weak, naturally occurring strain of Zika virus also specifically went after and killed glioblastoma stem cells.