Florida health officials have identified a cluster of Zika virus cases that may have been acquired from mosquitoes in Miami Beach, but local leaders emphasize that active transmission outside Miami's Wynwood neighborhood has not been confirmed. Thirty-five suspected locally acquired cases have been reported in Florida since local transmission was first documented there.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases Director Anthony Fauci and his NIH colleagues have been working with their counterparts in the pharmaceutical industry to develop vaccines and treatments for emerging diseases. The NIH recently initiated human clinical trials for a Zika virus vaccine, but the earliest it could be available is 2018, and a lack of funding has impeded efforts to quell the current outbreak.
Population health starts outside of hospitals. Social, environmental, and behavioral factors determine about 60% of a person's health status. To address these social factors, healthcare programs must integrate a community's non-medical data with clinical insights to yield positive results.
Oral immunotherapy to counter peanut allergies in children may be more effective if done at a young age, even as early as 9 months, according to a study in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. Almost 80% of children who had the therapy were able to eat foods containing peanuts without having an allergic reaction, researchers said.
A study in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology revealed that the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus among US women increased from 0.3% in 1979 to 1980 to 5.8% in 2008 to 2010. Researchers also found that the increasing GDM prevalence was associated with a 184% decrease in large for gestational age/macrosomia and a 0.75% increase in stillbirth rate.
UK researchers found a diet high in fat and sugar during pregnancy is tied to higher IGF2 methylation in the offspring, which was linked to increased ADHD symptoms from ages 7 to 13 among children with early-onset behavior problems. The study was published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.
The FDA has launched an investigation on WEN by Chaz Dean Cleansing Conditioners after reports of balding, itching, rashes, hair loss and hair breakage. The Consumer Product Safety Commission also announced recalls involving Liquid Plumr clog removing products, Instep and Schwinn jogging strollers, IKEA baby gates, Lorex Care 'N' Share video baby monitors and other products due to safety hazards to children.
Many EHRs "are designed for billing and not primarily for ease of use by those who provide care," physicians wrote in a commentary in the Journal of the American Medical Association. EHRs often generate an overload of large data that clinical staff finds burdensome and that creates alert fatigue, and they lack integration with technology that combines, monitors and visualizes information for users, the physicians wrote.
Safeguards and incentives that helped stabilize the Medicare Advantage and Part D markets in their early years could be applied to the Affordable Care Act's individual health insurance markets, according to a policy brief from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Raising consumer subsidies, barring insurers from re-entering exited markets for five years and developing fallback plans for underserved markets could encourage consumer and insurer participation, according to the report.
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If we are to achieve a richer culture, rich in contrasting values, we must recognize the whole gamut of human potentialities, and so weave a less arbitrary social fabric, one in which each diverse gift will find a fitting place.
Margaret Mead, cultural anthropologist
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