CDC: Fruit, vegetable consumption is higher in children than teens | Fewer children worldwide are getting HIV | Inhaled corticosteroids may stunt growth in young asthma patients
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July 17, 2014
AAP SmartBrief
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CDC: Fruit, vegetable consumption is higher in children than teens
Data from the 2009-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey show that 90% of 2- to 5-year-olds consumed fruits in a 24-hour period, compared with 6 in 10 teens. Regular vegetable intake was reported by 93% of 2- to 11-year-olds and 90% of 12- to 19-year-olds. The findings appear in NCHS Data Brief. HealthDay News (7/16)
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Fewer children worldwide are getting HIV
A UNAIDS report shows a 58% decline in the number of new cases of HIV in children globally since 2001. Overall, worldwide HIV infection rates hit a record low. About 35 million people were living with HIV last year, although as many as 19 million are unaware of their status. HealthDay News (7/16)
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Using Oximetry to Detect CCHD—ABP MOC Part 2 Approved
For years, oximetry has been used for diagnostic purposes, but now it is utilized effectively as a newborn screening tool for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). Earn 10 ABP approved MOC Part 2 points for completing the online module focused on understanding the CCHD screening requirements, process and interpreting screening results. Learn More.
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Pediatric Health Care
Inhaled corticosteroids may stunt growth in young asthma patients
In a systematic review in the journal The Cochrane Library, 14 of the 25 trials showed that the use of inhaled corticosteroids slowed the growth of youths with mild to moderate persistent asthma by up to 0.5 centimeters during the first year of treatment. However, reducing the dose of such drugs by about one puff each day promoted growth by around a quarter of a centimeter in a year, according to another review published in the same journal. Reuters (7/16)
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Third-hand tobacco exposure may be prevalent, testing indicates
Tests of dust particles found carcinogenic tobacco compounds in three-quarters of smokers' homes and two-thirds of smoke-free homes, according to researchers in the U.K. For children younger than age 6, these levels exceeded the exposure limit set by the Environmental Protection Agency. The findings appear in the journal Environment International. Planet Earth online (U.K.) (7/17), Science World Report (7/16)
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Female embryos are more likely to survive stress of parents' marital conflicts
At each age from birth to 100 years, girls and women have lower mortality rates than boys and men, suggesting that female embryos may have better chances of survival when exposed to stress from their parents' marital conflicts, a study showed. Duke University researchers also found that women who experienced more marital problems during their pregnancy had a greater likelihood of having a girl than a boy. Science World Report (7/15)
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Trends & Technology
Asking about presence of guns in homes can help save children's lives
Parents and caregivers should inquire if there are unsecured or loaded firearms where children visit or play, AAP President James M. Perrin and Brady Center to Prevent Gun Violence President Dan Gross wrote in a letter to the editor. The ASK Campaign promotes this common-sense idea that could keep children safe. "It's a question that can save a child's life," the authors said. The New York Times (tiered subscription model) (7/15)
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More Texas infants dying in bed-sharing accidents
Bed-sharing claimed the lives of 164 babies in Texas in the last 10 months, and the number of deaths is expected to rise. The Department of Family and Protective Services is preparing to launch an advertising campaign that aims to increase parents' awareness of bed-sharing risks. KYTX-TV (Tyler, Texas) (7/17)
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Health Policy & Regulations
Slightly fewer Americans are visiting their doctors under ACA
Experts predicted an increase in the demand for doctors as more people gained coverage under the Affordable Care Act, but a report released by athenahealth found that new patient visit rates were slightly down. With the exception of pediatrics, all specialties saw fewer new patient visits this year compared with 2013. NBC News (7/15)
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CMS offers guidelines on autism treatments covered by Medicaid
Medicaid programs across the country need to cover medically necessary diagnostic and treatment services for children with autism, such as applied behavior analysis and speech therapy, the CMS said. Coverage for such treatments was different from state to state, but the introduction of national requirements will have a big effect, advocates said. Disability Scoop (7/17)
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Strict antismoking policies may reduce risk of suicide
In states that have higher cigarette taxes and tougher smoking bans in public spaces, the number of people committing suicide dropped up to 15%, compared with the national average, according to a study in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research. Lower taxes and mild antismoking rules were associated with an increase in suicides by up to 6%. HealthDay News (7/16)
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The Last Word - News from the AAP
New dental insurance is something to smile about
The AAP Insurance Program has partnered with MetLife to bring participants an affordable option for dental insurance. AAP members are eligible to enroll in the Preferred Dentist Program, a dental benefits plan from MetLife. The AAP Group Dental Insurance Plan is guaranteed coverage for you, your spouse and your children. It can help pay the bills for basic, preventative, restorative and orthodontia care. Get more information here.
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Do you know the earliest age for which babies can be fitted with hearing aids?
According to a national survey, over 60% of physicians believe infants must be 4 months of age or older to be fitted with a hearing aid. In fact, babies can be fitted as soon as identified -- even at 1 month. Learn more about this survey and access resources to support early identification of hearing loss and early intervention here.
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SmartQuote
Be brave enough to start a conversation that matters."
-- Margaret Wheatley,
American writer
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This news roundup is provided as a timely update to AAP members and other health professionals about child health topics in the media. Links to articles are provided for the convenience of pediatricians who may find them of use in discussions with patients or colleagues.
External Resources are not a part of the aap.org website. AAP is not responsible for the content of sites that are external to the AAP. Linking to a website does not constitute an endorsement by AAP of the sponsors of the site or the information presented on the site.
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