AAP issues recommendations on reducing screen violence exposure in youths | AAP encourages evidence-based, age-appropriate sex education for children | AAP report offers insights on dealing with parental substance use
July 19, 2016
News for pediatricians and other child health professionals
The American Academy of Pediatrics released a policy statement in Pediatrics urging pediatricians to include children's media consumption in all well exams and to promote more child-friendly media. The statement also encourages parents to monitor what their children play or watch; the entertainment industry to remove gratuitous violence; video game creators to eliminate human targets or award points for killing; the news media to recognize the link between screen violence and aggressive behavior; and lawmakers to prohibit easy access to violent media among minors. Pediatricians should bolster parental awareness to help manage the effects of virtual violence, according to an accompanying commentary in Pediatrics.
Pediatricians, parents, schools and other professionals should teach age-appropriate and evidence-based sex education, instead of abstinence-only programs, to youths, according to a report from the American Academy of Pediatrics published in Pediatrics. Pediatricians can discuss healthy relationships and intimate partner violence as well as the effects of alcohol, marijuana and other drugs on safe, consensual sex practices, writes Dr. Cora Breuner, report lead author and chair of the AAP Committee on Adolescence.
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A report from the American Academy of Pediatrics published in Pediatrics advises pediatricians to screen parents for substance use and discuss treatment options with those who screen positive; monitor signs of abuse, neglect, developmental delays and other academic difficulties in children whose families are affected by substance use; and familiarize themselves with mandatory requirements for reporting suspected child abuse and neglect.
Physicians should watch for the "female athlete triad" of conditions that includes diet habits, menstrual problems and weakened bones, according to a report from the American Academy of Pediatrics published in Pediatrics. Researcher Amanda Weiss Kelly of the AAP Council on Sports Medicine and Fitness Executive Committee said athletes who do not get enough calories while training could damage bone health and have stress fractures and menstrual problems, even without having an eating disorder.
The increased risk of infection or reactivation of mycobacterial infections, fungal and viral infections, and other opportunistic infections from the use of biologic response modifiers in children has prompted the American Academy of Pediatrics to recommend pediatricians provide inactivated or subunit vaccines and live vaccines at least two and four weeks before using BRMs, respectively. Pediatricians should also consider stopping BRM therapy should the patient develop febrile or serious respiratory illnesses, according to the report in the journal Pediatrics.
A study in Pediatrics found that contact with another player, hits during the second quarter, initial hit during a two-part impact and longer traveling distances were linked to greater head impact magnitude among high-school football players. The findings were based on data involving 32 high-school football players and 3,888 impacts during a 13-game season.
Ninety-two percent of hospitals offered their patients the ability to view medical records online in 2015, an increase from 43% in 2013, according to a report from the American Hospital Association. The report also noted an increase in the percentage of hospitals allowing patients to download information from their medical records and request changes, as well as complete routine medical tasks such as making appointments and paying bills online.
Fresno County, Calif., is getting increased funding to fight black infant mortality, which occurs at three times the rate for white and Hispanic infants in the region. This year, the county will be able to hire a coordinator, a social worker and other employees.
The AAP, in collaboration with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, has developed “Fragile X Syndrome Myth Busters,” educational materials for pediatricians and parents that address some of the myths and facts about Fragile X Syndrome. The handout designed for providers also includes tips about obtaining a family history and when to seek a genetic evaluation, and the parent handout also addresses what parents can do if FXS is suspected or recently diagnosed.
Why are pediatric malpractice suits so expensive and how can they be prevented?
Most pediatricians mistakenly believe that malpractice claims are problems for other specialties, but not pediatrics. This is a common medical liability myth that needs to be debunked. Attend “Top Ten Medical Liability Myths” at the AAP National Conference and Exhibition to learn what you don’t know about pediatric malpractice claims and how to protect against them.
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