Post-birth microcephaly found in infants with Zika syndrome | Study links metabolic syndrome to esophageal cancer in older patients | Researchers examine correlation between diabetes, arsenic metabolism
Eleven of 13 Brazilian infants with congenital Zika syndrome and normal head circumference at birth developed microcephaly in the following months. A report in the CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report said the infants had a range of symptoms of congenital Zika syndrome, including muscle and joint problems and difficulty moving and swallowing.
Researchers looked at 3,167 patients ages 67.5 or older with esophageal adenocarcinoma and found the cancer was linked to metabolic syndrome in women, regardless of gastroesophageal reflux disease status, and in men who did not previously have gastroesophageal reflux disease, compared with controls. The findings, published in the journal Cancer, did not show any association between the diseases compared with patients with Barrett's esophagus.
Odds ratios for type 1 diabetes were 1.28, 0.68 and 1.33 for dimethylated, inorganic and monomethylated arsenic, respectively, and for type 2 diabetes, odds ratios were 1.17, 0.82 and 1.09, respectively, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers used a cohort of 688 patients with and without diabetes, ages younger than 22, and found that odds ratios of type 1 diabetes by percentage monomethylated arsenic were 1.80 for patients with plasma folate levels above the median and 0.98 among those with plasma folate levels below the median.
Drinking two to more than four drinks a day boosts a person's risk of both ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke, but consumption of up to two drinks a day is associated with a reduced risk of ischemic stroke, according to a study in BMC Medicine.
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Norwegian researchers found that boys and girls ages 9 to 14 who received two doses of the human papillomavirus vaccine spaced six to 12 months apart had the same immunity as young women and older teens who received three doses of the vaccine over six months. The findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association, based on data involving more than 1,500 youths and young adults in 15 countries, backs revised guidelines from the CDC recommending a two-dose HPV vaccination schedule for those younger than 15.
A study by the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Senegal's Cheikh Anta Diop University found that providing seasonal malaria chemoprevention to youths older than 5 in Senegal during a high malaria season decreased cases by more than 50% in children up to age 10 and 26% in youths older than 10. The findings also showed that accommodating older children in SMC interventions didn't substantially increase treatment delivery time.
Researchers found that although Asian-Americans have a heightened risk for type 2 diabetes, they are 34% less likely to be screened than non-Hispanic whites. The findings in the Journal of General Internal Medicine were based on a telephone survey involving more than 500,000 individuals.
The percentage of older Americans with dementia declined by nearly one-quarter between 2000 and 2012, a new report says. The finding counters previous projections that dementia would spike as baby boomers age.
While President-elect Donald Trump has not yet provided specifics for his plans to replace the Affordable Care Act, House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., released a 37-page outline in June that might serve as a model. The proposal would lift the mandate to purchase health insurance, retain some level of tax credits to assist consumers with costs, protect people with pre-existing conditions and prioritize high-deductible plans with health savings accounts.
Interested in seeking AANP elected office? Nominations for the 2017 election need to be received electronically by 5 p.m. central time on Wednesday, November 30. AANP members who wish to be considered for elected office must have been an AANP member in good standing for the 12 months prior to Nov. 1, 2016. Positions for election in 2017 are: Executive Committee: Treasurer; Regional Directors: Region 1 (CT, ME, MA, NH, RI & VT), Region 3 (DE, DC, MD, PA, VA & WV), Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH & WV), Region 7 (IA, KS, MO & NE), Region 9 (AZ, CA, HI, NM, NV & Pacific U.S. Territories), and Region 11 (AL, FL, GA, MS & U.S. Virgin Islands); State Representatives: Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Montana, New Jersey, New York (N), New York (S), North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas (N), Texas (S), Utah, Washington, Wyoming; and Nominations Committee: Two positions are open. Visit aanp.org for position descriptions and other information.
AANP is pleased to announce the availability of two clinical resource products for our members. Partnering with EBSCO Health (provider of DynaMed Plus®) and Wolters Kluwer Health (provider of UpToDate®), AANP now offers members the opportunity to receive the latest clinical information when searching for recommendations in treatment options for patients. With complimentary access to DynaMed Plus, and a special member offer from UpToDate, NPs can quickly and easily obtain clinical information designed to help them determine the optimal care for their patients through real-time, digital clinical reference resources that they can access using virtually any device. For additional information on the latest AANP member benefits, visit aanp.org. If you are not currently an AANP member, join now. There has never been a better time to be a nurse practitioner.