Early combination therapy may improve prostate cancer survival | Combined approach to ovarian cancer might boost survival odds | Study: Prolonged depression may raise stroke risk in older adults
 
May 15, 2015
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Early combination therapy may improve prostate cancer survival
A study to be presented to the American Society of Clinical Oncology found that combination treatment with chemotherapy and hormone therapy results in longer survival for men with advanced prostate cancer. The treatment combination improved patient survival by an average of 10 months, and for patients whose cancer had already metastasized, overall survival was extended by an average of 22 months. Current practice involves starting patients on chemotherapy after hormone treatment stops working. HealthDay News (5/14)
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Combined approach to ovarian cancer might boost survival odds
Doctors at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center are attempting to boost women's chances of surviving ovarian cancer by using a scoring system to guide treatment. Standard treatment is surgery followed by chemotherapy, but some women do better with chemotherapy first to shrink the tumors, and the scoring system helps determine which women should have that approach. Gynecological cancer specialist Dr. Alpa Nick says the effort puts into practice what is already known about ovarian cancer "so we could immediately have an impact on patient survival." The Wall Street Journal (tiered subscription model) (5/11)
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Study: Prolonged depression may raise stroke risk in older adults
A new study suggests prolonged depression raises the risk of strokes in people older than 50, even when depression symptoms have eased. Study participants with high symptoms of depression for four straight years had approximately 114% higher risk of stroke. "If our findings are replicated, they suggest depressive symptoms merit prompt attention soon after they begin, before they have time to substantially impact stroke risk," study author Paola Gilsanz said. Time.com (5/13), National Public Radio (5/14)
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Local anesthesia reduces breathing problems in infants after surgery
Infants who were given local anesthesia through the spine experienced fewer breathing problems 30 minutes after hernia surgery, according to a study in the journal Anesthesiology. HealthDay News (5/14)
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With fresh avocados, it's easy to Love One Today
The next time your patients need a fresh source of naturally good monounsaturated fats, recommend an avocado. Learn more about avocado nutrition, and see the results of recent avocado studies at LoveOneToday.com.
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Pharmaceutical News
Antibiotic use in infancy may lead to illnesses later in life
A study published in the journal Cell Host and Microbe found that overuse of antibiotics in infants may cause changes in their gut bacteria which can lead to conditions such as obesity, allergies and other diseases in adulthood. "We think these findings help develop a roadmap for future research to determine the health consequences of antibiotic use and for recommendations for prescribing them," study author Dan Knights said. United Press International (5/13)
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Study finds newer antipsychotics are safer during pregnancy
Women who took newer antipsychotic drugs, known as "atypical" drugs, during pregnancy showed similar risks for health conditions such as gestational diabetes and hypertensive disorders as women with mental health problems who did not take the medication, according to a new study published in the journal BMJ. The Globe and Mail (Toronto) (tiered subscription model) (5/13)
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Emerging Trends, Products and TechnologiesAdvertisement
Report: Incidence of E. coli, Salmonella infections drops
Egg Prices Rise 40 Percent After Major Salmonella Outbreak
(Justin Sullivan/Getty Images)
The occurrence of infections associated with Salmonella typhimurium and with Shiga toxin-producing E. coli O157 in the U.S. declined 27% and 32% in 2014 compared with 2006 to 2008, CDC researchers wrote in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Despite the drop, infections from Salmonella javiana and Salmonella infantis increased more than twofold during the same period. The report also found a 13% increase in infections attributed to Campylobacter and a 52% rise in infections from Vibrio. HealthDay News (5/14)
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General surgery risks don't increase with pregnancy
A study in JAMA Surgery found that pregnant women who had general surgery had about the same rates of complications and death as women who were not pregnant. The study examined data for 2,700 pregnant women and 517,000 women who were not pregnant during surgery from 2006 to 2011. The 30-day rates of death and complications for pregnant women were 0.4% and 6.6% compared with overall rates of 0.4% and 7.4%. HealthDay News (5/13)
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Health Policy and Legislative News
HHS should be more transparent on Medicaid waiver decisions, GAO says
HHS has granted 1,115 Medicaid waivers allowing states to deviate from the program's rules, but the department does not always state why waivers are granted or specify how the state's approach will promote Medicaid's objectives, according to a Government Accountability Office report. The Hill (5/13)
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House subcommittee advances 21st Century Cures bill
The House Energy and Commerce health subcommittee approved the latest draft of the 21st Century Cures Act and forwarded the bill to the full committee for markup. Some Democrats on the subcommittee had expressed concern over a provision granting an additional six months' marketing exclusivity to already approved drugs found to be effective in treating rare diseases. The Hill (5/14), Modern Healthcare (tiered subscription model) (5/14)
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AANP News
Vital Signs from CDC
CDC releases its first national study on Hispanics' leading causes of death, disease prevalence, risk factors and access to health services in the US. This report shows that Hispanics have lower death rates overall, but are about 50% more likely to die from diabetes or liver disease than whites. Health risks like smoking vary among Hispanic subgroups. Birth place and social factors play a major role in Hispanic health. Recognizing differences within the Hispanic population and having culturally relevant resources available can help health care providers improve health outcomes for their Hispanic patients. Learn more, see more issues and subscribe.
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SmartQuote
It is not who is right, but what is right, that is of importance."
-- Thomas Huxley,
scientist
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