Ebola experts explain how virus is -- and isn't -- transmitted | NYC physician tests positive for Ebola | Study shows how diabetes may raise odds of heart valve hardening
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October 24, 2014
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Ebola experts explain how virus is -- and isn't -- transmitted
The Ebola virus is not an airborne infection and cannot be transmitted through a cough or sneeze based on evidence from the current and previous Ebola outbreaks, according to briefing sponsored by the New England Journal of Medicine. "The best evidence that we have suggests that the overwhelming route of transmission is through contact with contaminated fluids with broken skin or mucous membranes," said Dr. Arjun Srinivasan of the CDC. HealthDay News (10/23)
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NYC physician tests positive for Ebola
A New York City physician who worked with Doctors Without Borders in Guinea tested positive for Ebola virus on Thursday, marking the city's first known case. Dr. Craig Spencer developed a fever Thursday, six days after he returned from West Africa and 11 days after he stopped caring for Ebola patients. Officials have quarantined several people he had close contact with and continue to assess risk. Reuters (10/24), The New York Times (tiered subscription model) (10/24)
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Study shows how diabetes may raise odds of heart valve hardening
Exposure to high glucose concentrations was tied to slower heart valve production among interstitial cells, according to a study in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface. The results suggest how diabetes may contribute to an increased risk of heart valve hardening in patients. Diabetes.co.uk (U.K.) (10/22)
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Low birth defect risk seen in babies conceived through ART
Infants conceived through assisted reproductive technologies had a slightly greater risk of developing cardiac and noncardiac birth abnormalities compared with their naturally conceived counterparts, but the overall risk was low, researchers reported at the American Society for Reproductive Medicine meeting. HealthDay News (10/22)
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Pharmaceutical News
Rifaximin may reduce symptoms of IBS with diarrhea, study says
Giving patients with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome the drug rifaximin reduced some symptoms in 72% of study participants, with 42% considered to be responders, researchers reported at the American College of Gastroenterology annual meeting. Researchers said the treatment also could be repeated in the event of a relapse. MedPage Today (free registration) (10/22)
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Emerging Trends, Products and Technologies
U.S. lags behind other rich nations in terms of health care access
A 2013 survey by the Commonwealth Fund revealed the U.S. ranked last in terms of health care access compared with 10 other industrialized nations. The U.S. also showed the poorest performance in addressing patient needs outside regular business hours, the poll found. The findings were published in the New England Journal of Medicine. HealthDay News (10/22)
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U.S. trans-fat intake dips, but improvements still needed
Trans-fat intake has fallen by about one-third over the past three decades but still accounts for 1.9% of daily calories in men and about 1.7% in women, a study on the website of the Journal of the American Heart Association says. Saturated-fat intake also dropped, but omega-3 fat consumption held steady and is still below recommended levels, researchers said. HealthDay News (10/22)
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WHO: Ebola vaccines to undergo testing as early as January
Drugmakers and health authorities are planning to test vaccines to curb the spread of Ebola in the next few months. The World Health Organization said Tuesday that large studies of two vaccines could begin in January in the West African countries most affected by the outbreak, while safety testing of three or more additional vaccines will start next year outside the outbreak zone. The New York Times (tiered subscription model) (10/22)
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Health Policy and Legislative News
CBO: Added funding for Medicare, Medicaid anti-fraud efforts beneficial
A report from the Congressional Budget Office showed that additional funding for anti-fraud efforts by Medicare, Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program would be beneficial and even generate savings that would offset the added cost. The CBO said expenditures on fraud prevention efforts have been "limited" and added up to approximately $1.4 billion in the 2014 fiscal year. Government Executive (10/22)
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AANP News
Make plans now to celebrate NP Week 2014
The official 2014 NP Resource Guide is available and is filled with great ideas to help you plan an exciting week in your communities. This is a unique opportunity to showcase the many services provided by NPs and bring recognition to the NP role, increasing awareness of the exceptional contributions NPs make to the health care of millions of Americans. Please review the materials in the resource guide, and let us know how you are celebrating NP Week. We want to share your successes with others around the country.
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AANP 2015 election -- Call for nominations now open
The AANP Nominations Committee has issued the call for nominations for the 2015 election. Deadline for applications to be received by AANP is Jan. 12. The following positions are scheduled for election in 2015: Board of Directors, Executive Committee, Treasurer; Board of Directors -- Regional Directors: Region 1 (CT, MA, ME, NH, RI, VT); Region 3 (DE, DC, MD, PA, VA, WV); Region 5 (IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI); Region 7 (IA, KS, MO, NE); Region 9 (AZ, CA, HI, NV, Pacific U.S. Territories); and Region 11 (AL, Caribbean U.S. Territories, FL, GA, MS). State Representatives: Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (N), New York (S), North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming. Nominations Committee: Three positions are open. Learn more and begin the nomination process.
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SmartQuote
Happiness is like a butterfly: the more you chase it, the more it will elude you, but if you turn your attention to other things, it will come and sit softly on your shoulder."
-- Henry David Thoreau,
American writer and naturalist
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