The AAFP started a Speak Out campaign to help members urge lawmakers to approve long-term, consistent funding for teaching health centers. The Academy offers a prewritten message physicians can send to lawmakers regarding funding for the THC Graduate Medical Education program, which provides direct funding to community-based teaching sites but is to expire on Sept. 30, 2017.
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Researchers found that average total cholesterol levels of US adults went down by 15 milligrams per deciliter between 1999-2000 and 2013-2014. The study in JAMA Cardiology found decreasing levels of triglycerides and LDL cholesterol, and researchers said declines were stronger among patients who did not take cholesterol-lowering medications, indicating the removal of trans fats from foods may be having an effect.
A study in Pediatrics found that 37% of preterm babies received prescriptions for gastroesophageal reflux medications, 77% of whom began using the drugs after NICU discharge. The findings also showed that 40% had more than one GER medication and 43% of those who initiated drug use before age 6 months continued medication at age 12 months.
An analysis of study data in the Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology found the use of statins was linked to a lower risk of advanced colorectal adenoma. The findings, based on data from six studies involving 13,239 patients, did not show any significant association between statin use and the risk of colorectal adenoma. "Statins may prevent neoplastic progression of adenomas rather the development of adenomas," said the authors.
A study of data from more than 2,300 patients who experienced ST-elevation myocardial infarction found one in 10 had a history of cancer. The findings, published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, also showed cancer survivors had a three times increased risk of non-cardiac mortality, a greater likelihood of cardiogenic shock and a higher risk of being hospitalized for heart failure.
A vegetarian or vegan diet can be healthy for people of all ages, including pregnant women and the elderly, according to a position statement from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Registered dietitian nutritionist Vandana Sheth said these diets must be balanced and well planned to ensure they contain sufficient nutrients.
Forty-five percent of pediatric food allergy tests ordered by primary care physicians were panel tests, compared with 1.2% of allergists' orders, according to a study in Pediatrics based on one-year food allergy testing data at a hospital in Ohio. Using panel tests instead of testing for allergens individually may prompt food allergy misdiagnosis and unnecessary diet restrictions that can increase the risk of stunted growth, nutritional deficiencies and true allergies in children, said study author and physician David Stukus.
While the best and primary source for essential nutrients is a diet with a wide variety of nutrient-rich foods, up to 9 out of 10 Americans fall short in getting key nutrients from food alone (Vitamins A (50%), C (40%), D (90%), E (90%) and Calcium (50%)).1 Learn how supplementation may help close the nutrient gap and offer nutritional support. Read more... CFEN is comprised of Bayer, DSM, Pfizer and Pharmavite. 1: Fulgoni et al. Foods, Fortificants, and Supplements: Where Do Americans Get Their Nutrients? The Journal of Nutrition. 2011.
A National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine report called on the FDA to revise food allergy warning labels to make them less confusing and more specific about the level of risk people face. The report said more studies are needed on how many adults and children are affected by food allergies and recommended the FDA replace its current use of precautionary labels with a risk-based approach.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development announced a final rule to prohibit smoking in all public housing developments nationwide within the next 18 months to reduce smoking health risks, particularly for children and the elderly. The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids supported the action but said HUD also should have applied the ban to electronic cigarettes.
The Department of Veterans Affairs signed a five-year partnership with Flow Health to develop a "medical knowledge graph" that will be used to help train artificial intelligence apps and inform decision-making for better patient care. "Developing artificial intelligence which can automatically identify the best diagnostic and treatment pathways will assist clinicians in delivering precision medicine to every veteran," said Robert Rowley, M.D., chief medical officer at Flow Health.
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