CDC researchers found a median of 11% of adolescents around the world smoked tobacco products, with a higher prevalence among boys than girls in 38 countries. The findings, reported in the agency's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and based on 2012 to 2015 Global Youth Tobacco Survey data involving youths ages 13 to 15 in 61 countries, also showed that 50% of current tobacco users in 40 countries said they wanted to quit smoking.
Sixteen of 64 babies in the US with Zika-related birth defects were born in New York City, where 402 pregnant women and 32 infants have been infected with the virus, according to the city health department. Officials are launching a new campaign against the virus targeting pregnant women, including a recommendation to avoid traveling to Latin America and the Caribbean.
Researchers reviewed 19 clinical trials and found insufficient evidence supporting the efficacy of dietary approaches such as gluten-free food or fish oil supplements for treating children with autism spectrum disorders. The findings in Pediatrics should prompt larger and more rigorous studies on the benefits of such diet changes in youths with ASD, said researcher Zachary Warren.
Adults who were teased about their weight as teens had a twofold higher risk of developing obesity as well as increased odds of having unhealthy eating and dieting habits, according to a study in the journal Preventive Medicine. The findings, based on data involving about 1,800 adults followed for 15 years, also showed that weight-based teasing from family members was more likely to affect women than men.
A US and Russian study in the Journal of Adolescence found that teens who lied to their parents had increased odds of drinking alcohol at a younger age and developing future alcohol addiction, compared with teens who were honest. The findings, based on data involving more than 4,000 seventh- and eighth-grade students in the US, also showed that trusting child-parent relationships were tied to a lower risk of lying and alcohol use among youths, but excessive parental monitoring was tied to lying more often.
Research presented at the European Congress on Obesity linked higher consumption of total and animal protein in childhood to increased height, weight and body mass index in children up to age 10. The study found the link between protein intake and BMI was due to increases in fat mass index.
A Bipartisan Policy Center report outlines progress made and recommends several methods for the health care industry to improve patient safety related to health IT. Recommendations include advancing safety standards development and adoption, launching a coordinated effort to establish health IT safety priorities, and disseminating existing best practices related to health IT safety issues.
The Buzzin' Bistro in New Britain, Conn., the Lunch Lizard in Mesa County, Colo., and the HCS Tomahawk in Hillsboro, Ohio, are brightly decorated food trucks that will make their way through local neighborhoods this summer to provide free meals for children. Nutritionist Dan Sharp in Mesa County's District 51 says meals are provided daily for thousands of children who otherwise might not get the nutrition they need during the summer.
The House's American Health Care Act now being reviewed by the Senate would leave 23 million more US residents without insurance by 2026 than would be under existing law, though allowing states to opt out of mandating essential benefits coverage would encourage some employers to continue offering coverage, according to the Congressional Budget Office. If adopted as-is by the Senate, the AHCA would reduce the federal deficit by $119 billion by 2026, and though premiums for some consumers would be lower than they are now, they would be higher for people with existing health conditions, the CBO said.
Health care professionals who boost their participation in the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act this year may be better positioned financially when full payment adjustments take effect in 2019, compared with those who opt for minimal participation this year, writes L. Patrick James of Quest Diagnostics. They can also use technologies that could help them navigate the complexities of MACRA while improving care quality, James writes.