The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation's $120 million pledge to PATH will have a major impact on world health and will allow PATH to expand its vaccine-development program, the Seattle Times editorial board writes. "Continued aid from the U.S. and other nations is critical to maintain progress seen in recent decades," the editors assert.
Margaret Anderson, formerly executive director at the think tank FasterCures, was appointed managing director for federal health practice at Deloitte Consulting. Anderson is on the boards of the Melanoma Research Alliance, the Allergy Foundation and Advancing Cures Today; she is past president of the Alliance for a Stronger FDA; and she helped start the NIH's National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences Advisory Council and Cures Acceleration Network Review Board.
Scientists used CRISPR-Cas9 to edit the gene in human single-cell zygotes that produces the OCT4 protein, and the study, led by developmental biologist Kathy Niakan of the Francis Crick Institute, highlights some important differences between editing murine and human embryos. Only 19% of the genetically modified blastocysts developed into embryos, and they stopped growing at an earlier stage than similarly edited mouse blastocysts, showed different gene expression patterns and developed unexpected abnormalities in cells related to placenta formation.
Veterinarians at 23 clinics are participating in a clinical trial of a stem cell therapy for canine arthritis. The stem cells are derived from canine umbilical cords and injected into dogs' arthritic joints, and early study results are promising, says veterinarian Kathy Petrucci, founder and CEO of Animal Cell Therapies, which is sponsoring the studies.
Biotech company Synthetic Genomics routinely discriminated against female employees by paying women less than men, promoting women less frequently and subjecting women to gender-based stereotypes, a former legal executive with the company alleges in a lawsuit.
The plaintiff, Teresa Spehar, says she was fired after complaining about discrimination, but the company says the allegations have no merit.
Resistance training, diet, and the two together all led to fat mass loss in obese or overweight women, compared with a control group, but the effect was greater in the diet plus exercise group, according to a study to be published in the International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. Lean muscle gain was found only in the group that did resistance training.
Teaching children that girls are vulnerable and need protection and that boys are strong and independent has "huge" health consequences, such as HIV and sexually transmitted infections in young women and drug and alcohol abuse in young men, according to studies published in the Journal of Adolescent Health. Policy changes and outreach to young people can break the stereotypes and mitigate harm, says study leader Robert Blum, a pediatrician and professor of public health.
Sen. Patty Murray, D-Wash., has introduced legislation to help parents who work nontraditional hours find affordable child care. Parents and advocates say child care has not kept pace with the changing labor market, with only 6% of providers offering overnight service, 3% offering weekend service and 2% offering evening service, research shows.
Men often refrain from engaging with gender diversity initiatives in the workplace because they feel it is not their place to do so, research suggests. For this reason, "organizational leaders need to explicitly communicate that all employees, regardless of their gender, have a stake in and can meaningfully contribute to gender parity programs," researchers Elad Sherf and Subra Tangirala write.
Eight-year-old Sophia Spencer received an outpouring of support last year when her mother reached out to the Entomological Society of Canada for help when Sophia was being teased for her love of insects and entomology. Now Sophia is the co-author of a published in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America examining science communication and social media.
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