Eating a healthy diet is important to cardiovascular disease prevention but there are barriers to good nutrition that can be addressed through a variety of policy initiatives, such as taxes on certain foods, economic incentives for healthy food production and food marketing regulation, according to a review in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. "Health professionals and community leaders have a great responsibility to promote cardiovascular health and disease prevention but require a basic nutrition knowledge base," the authors wrote.
Researchers found that coronary microvascular dysfunction, or impaired coronary flow reserve, identified with cardiac stress PET testing and body mass index, had value in predicting cardiovascular disease risk among patients without obstructive coronary artery disease. However, only CFR boosted model differentiation and had an independent link with CVD events in fully adjusted analyses.
Researchers analyzed data on almost 14,000 black and white adults from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study and found a 1.5 times increased risk of developing peripheral artery disease with critical limb ischemia among those with obesity, compared with normal-weight individuals. The findings were published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Treating hypertensive patients with one pill that includes low doses of three antihypertensive drugs increased the likelihood of achieving blood pressure targets, compared with usual care, researchers reported in the Journal of the American Medical Association. The combination pill, taken once daily, contained amlodipine, telmisartan and chlorthalidone.
The American Academy of Pediatrics' simplified pediatric blood pressure table based on updated guidelines yielded 99.9% sensitivity and 100% negative predictive value, but only 84.4% specificity and 46.9% positive predictive value in identifying youths with elevated BP, according to a study in JAMA Pediatrics. Researchers suggested that basing the simplified table on a higher height percentile for sex and age, rather than BP cutoffs at the fifth percentile, may improve the tool's specificity and PPV without significantly affecting its sensitivity and NPV.
Florida-based Adventist Health System is changing its name to AdventHealth and developing a new genomic center that cardiovascular nurse Paula Carrera says will provide patient and family testing and counseling. Carrera said genetic testing can help detect abnormal heart rhythm and cardiomyopathy.
Abstracts are now being accepted for poster and oral abstracts presentation at PCNA's Annual Cardiovascular Nursing Symposium. The top four written abstracts will be selected for oral presentation at the main podium and will be published in the Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, along with the top six outstanding posters. Never submitted your work before? Our meeting is a great place to get started. We have a complimentary webinar on writing strong abstracts, as well as abstract mentoring for authors pre-submission. Deadline is Dec. 3. Learn more.