Young men who were overweight and obese were nearly 50% and more than twice as likely to develop severe liver disease, respectively, later in life, compared with peers of normal weight, according to a Swedish study in the journal Gut. The findings, based on data involving 1.2 million Swedish men who underwent military training from 1969 to 1996, also showed a more than three times higher risk of liver problems later among those with both obesity and type 2 diabetes.
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Recent talk about fake news makes it even more important for retail dietitians to have credible scientific evidence to back up nutrition and wellness guidance, especially for younger people who often seek nontraditional information sources, registered dietitian nutritionists told the NGA Show. RDN Annette Maggi said consumers see retailers as a filter for information, so authenticity and accuracy are important.
In-house nutritionists and dietitians are becoming more important for all types of restaurants as diners increasing make healthy eating a priority. Snap Kitchen lead dietitian Claire Siegel said along with helping guests make healthy food choices, in-house dietitians work on innovation and menu development, product vetting, and staff and consumer education.
An intervention that included diet, exercise and health education helped patients with and without fatty liver disease lose weight and reduce levels of alanine aminotransferase, researchers reported at the Emerging Trends in Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease conference. The study, which assessed the University of Michigan Metabolic Fitness Program, found 22.5% of patients overall and 27.3% of the NAFLD group lost 5% of their baseline weight.
Children who experienced food insecurity in early childhood had lower cognitive and social-emotional skills in kindergarten, compared with those in food-secure households, researchers reported in the journal Child Development. The findings, based on data involving 3,700 low-income US families, also showed an association between increased incidence of early-childhood food insecurity and poorer kindergarten outcomes in all development areas.
Australian researchers found that children whose mothers took docosahexaenoic acid supplements daily during pregnancy had similar IQ test scores, language skills, and academic and executive functioning at age 7, compared with those whose mothers received placebo. The findings in the Journal of the American Medical Association also showed slightly higher perceptual reasoning scores but significantly more behavioral problems and executive dysfunction among those in the DHA group.
Experts and researchers agree that pregnant women and fetuses benefit from regular exercise, which can help prevent excessive weight gain during pregnancy and complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Experts, writing in a viewpoint published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, said that moderation is the goal and cautioned against certain more vigorous exercises that may not be safe for pregnant women.
Experts say early childhood nutrition programs and school meal programs, some of which have been available for decades, are invaluable to the health of millions of US children. Certified child nutrition epidemiologist Sibylle Kranz at the University of Virginia said many children do not have access to food at home and evidence shows that when children go hungry, they do not perform as well in the classroom.