A study in JACC: Heart Failure showed that heart failure patients with type 2 diabetes had an increased risk of first hospitalization and mortality, compared with those without diabetes. UK researchers also found that type 2 diabetes stratified by glycemic control and drug treatments had differential risk associations with hospitalization and mortality.
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A study presented at the Cardiometabolic Health Conference found that patients with obstructive sleep apnea or sleep-disordered breathing were at greater risk for atrial fibrillation, a factor in increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
A single-center study in JAMA Cardiology found black women were at a greater risk of having peripartum cardiomyopathy, compared with other women. Among the 220 women in the study, black patients took more than twice the time to recover.
A UK study in Frontiers in Physiology found that despite the efficacy of antihypertensive treatments in lowering blood pressure and restoring normal function in arterioles and larger vessels, these drugs failed to restore normal vascular rhythms in smaller vessels. The findings were based on a cohort of patients in their 20s and two cohorts of patients older than 70 years.
Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and should get CVD screening at a younger age than healthy women, researchers told the North American Menopause Society's annual meeting. Researchers suggested fasting lipid profiles be done every two years and that screenings for obesity and hypertension be performed at each visit.
Researchers analyzed data on 4,630 participants, ages 18 to 30, and found that those who maintained optimal body weight had a 41% reduced risk of having an increase in blood pressure levels as they aged, compared with those who did not maintain a healthy weight. The findings, presented at the 2017 American Heart Association Council on Hypertension, AHA Council on Kidney in Cardiovascular Disease, American Society of Hypertension Joint Scientific Sessions, also revealed that maintaining at least four healthy behaviors was tied to 27% higher odds of having normal BP, rather than increasing BP, from early adulthood to middle age.
Nutrition experts agree omega-3 fatty acids reduce inflammation and have health benefits, but questions remain about how much dietary omega-6 fatty acids are needed and the best ratio of omega-6s to omega-3s, said registered dietitian Densie Webb. The American Heart Association recommends that omega-6 fatty acids make up at least 5% to 10% of calories, but research on the ratio of omega-3s to omega-6s is inconsistent.
Coronary artery disease patients who will not participate in cardiac rehabilitation programs may benefit from regular tai chi sessions, according to a study in the Journal of the American Heart Association. Patients who did tai chi three times per week reported higher levels of physical activity, quality of life and weight loss compared with those who attended twice per week.
The FDA has approved Pfizer's Lyrica CR, or pregabalin, extended-release tablets CV as a once-a-day treatment for patients with neuropathic pain related to diabetic peripheral neuropathy and postherpetic neuralgia. A clinical trial demonstrated at least 50% improvement in pain intensity in 73.6% of patients who used Lyrica CR compared with 54.6% who received placebo.
A preliminary review by the FDA found that Novo Nordisk's semaglutide, a once-weekly injection, is an effective treatment for diabetes, carries only a limited risk of diabetic retinopathy and did not cause heart risk. The findings, based on an analysis of clinical trial data, revealed that semaglutide reduced blood glucose levels and resulted in greater weight loss compared with other GLP-1 receptor agonists.
Register for CMHC West today! Back by popular demand, CMHC brings you the 2018 CMHC West: Advancing Cardiometabolic Health from East to West in Las Vegas, Nev., May 4-5, 2018. CMHC West will capture the integrity and high-quality education of the annual Cardiometabolic Health Congress as the nation's top experts in cardiometabolic health will highlight the latest updates in hypertension, heart failure, diabetes, lifestyle management and cardiovascular health. Earn up to 10 CME/CE Credits!
1.0 Credit Hour The interactive virtual patient case activity will incorporate a multiple-choice format that offers a "test-and-teach" approach for clinicians. In each case, learners will be presented with history, symptoms, labs, and tests as appropriate in order to enable learners to make a choice regarding assessment and management. They will then be presented with possible treatment modalities, effective communication tools, and other data, enabling the assessment of the risks/benefits of each choice. Learners then review an overview of the patient's situation before reviewing the patient's chart, a patient interview, physical examination, laboratory tests (if appropriate), diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up. Data are collected throughout the activity as learners answer questions and demonstrate how they would proceed with this particular patient.