Type 2 diabetes remission tied to weight management, study finds | Researchers compare diabetes prevalence between men, women | Study finds 17.6% readmission rate for PAD revascularization
December 6, 2017
Cardiometabolic Health SmartBrief
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Type 2 diabetes remission tied to weight management, study finds
Type 2 diabetes remission tied to weight management, study finds
Forty-six percent of type 2 diabetes patients achieved diabetes remission and lost an average of 10 kg of body weight after participating in a one-year weight management program, compared with only 4% in the control group, according to a UK study in The Lancet. Researchers found that remission was more likely among participants who lost more weight and that those in the weight management program also gained an average improvement of 7.2 points on the quality of life scale, compared with a drop of almost 2.9 points among controls.
MedPage Today (free registration) (12/5) 
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Science & Research
Researchers compare diabetes prevalence between men, women
The overall crude diabetes prevalence across ethnic groups was 6.9% among men and 3.7% in women, with the difference persisting after standardizing for age, body mass index, lifestyle factors and socioeconomic status, according to a study in Diabetic Medicine. Researchers analyzed data from the UK Biobank involving 489,079 adults ages 40 to 69 and found that in a subgroup analysis of South Asian participants, Bangladeshi men had the highest prevalence of diabetes, followed by Pakistani and Indian men, compared with women.
Healio (free registration)/Endocrine Today (12/4) 
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Study finds 17.6% readmission rate for PAD revascularization
A study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine found 17.6% of peripheral arterial disease patients were readmitted to the hospital within 30 days of peripheral arterial revascularization, at a cost of more than $11,000 per readmission. Most readmissions were for procedural complications, but sepsis, diabetes and gangrene also were causes.
Medscape (free registration) (12/4) 
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Study links severe hypoglycemia to CV events, mortality risk in diabetes
Diabetes patients who had at least one severe hypoglycemic episode had a three-year cumulative incidence of mortality at 28.3% and a 10.8% incidence of coronary heart disease, according to a study in Diabetes Care. Researchers used a cohort of 1,209 participants and found an association between severe hypoglycemia and all-cause mortality, cancer mortality, cardiovascular mortality and CHD even after adjustments, but found no correlation between hypoglycemia and atrial fibrillation, heart failure, non-CV and noncancer death, or stroke.
Physician's Briefing/HealthDay News (11/30) 
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Study finds type 1 diabetes common in adulthood
Researchers evaluated data from the UK Biobank involving 500,000 individuals, ages 40 to 69, and found that almost 50% of type 1 diabetes cases occurred in adulthood, many of which were misdiagnosed as type 2 diabetes, and more than 40% occurred after age 30. The findings were published in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology.
Diabetes (UK) (12/1) 
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Lifestyle & Wellness
Study: Cardioprotective effects of exercise are immediate, enduring
One or a handful of exercise sessions train the heart and coronary arteries to endure brief periods of ischemia, minimizing infarct size and ventricular arrhythmia, researchers reported in JAMA Cardiology. The findings suggest that having able patients undergo a few sessions of exercise before a planned cardiac intervention might reduce in-hospital mortality and morbidity.
MedPage Today (free registration) (11/30) 
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Heart disease risk tied to high-sugar diet, researchers say
Researchers analyzed data from old and new studies and found that diets containing more than 25% of calories from added sugars were associated with a threefold increased risk for cardiovascular mortality, compared with diets containing less than 10% of calories from added sugars. The findings, published in Open Heart, showed that added sugars may lead to the development of chronic heart disease and other CV complications via insulin resistance.
Diabetes (UK) (12/4) 
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Practice Trends & Technology
Video: Patch may be potential treatment option for heart attack patients
An artificial patch of heart muscle made from human pluripotent stem cells was developed by Duke University biomedical engineers and shows potential in covering damage caused by heart attacks, according to the journal Nature Communications. The heart patch is 2.5 square inches, very thin, and electrically and mechanically functional.
United Press International/HealthDay News (11/29),  MedGadget (11/29) 
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Study on potential arrhythmias launched by Apple, Stanford
Apple and Stanford University have initiated the Apple Heart Study to assess potential arrhythmias using the Apple Watch, with support from American Well, which will provide telemedicine services, and BioTelemetry, which will provide its ePatch ECG monitoring patch for use by participants who show signs of possible atrial fibrillation. A free app from the app store can be downloaded by users of Apple Watch Series 1 or later who are at least 21 and want to participate in the study.
MobiHealthNews (11/30) 
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Researchers create ultrasound needle system for cardiac imaging from within
A needle system that allows for imaging of cardiac soft tissues from inside the heart and can emit ultrasound using a silicone-encased mesh of carbon nanotubes on the tip of an optical fiber in the needle housing was tested in pigs and demonstrated success in capturing high-resolution images up to 2.5 cm from the location of the needle tip, researchers from London reported in Light: Science & Applications. The scientists are looking to explore use of the system for clinical applications.
MedGadget (12/1) 
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You will succeed if you persevere, and you will find a joy in overcoming obstacles, a delight in climbing rugged paths, which you would perhaps never know if you did not sometime slip backward.
Helen Keller,
writer and activist
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