A Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration survey showed that while the number of individuals who initiated heroin use and used heroin dropped between 2016 and 2017, more young adults ages 18 to 25 reported using alcohol, cigarettes, cocaine, LSD and methamphetamine during the same period. Researchers also found that significantly more pregnant women reported marijuana use in 2017 than in 2015.
A study in The Lancet Oncology showed that women who were diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma when they were younger than 45 and received ABVD/AVD or BEACOPP chemotherapy regimens had significantly reduced levels of the antimuellerian hormone, which is involved in estimating egg supply. Some women diagnosed before age 35 who had only ABVD/AVD chemotherapy had normal hormone levels after a year.
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Progress in reducing maternal mortality has plateaued in recent years and more financial investment and political will is necessary to address the problem, says Anneka Knutsson, chief of sexual and reproductive health at the United Nations Population Fund. UN data suggest about 303,000 women die each year from pregnancy-related complications or during childbirth.
Infants who were directly breastfed had slower weight gain and reduced body mass index scores at age 3 months, compared with those who received pumped breast milk, Canadian researchers reported in Pediatrics. The findings also showed slower weight gain, lower BMI at age 12 months and a threefold reduced overweight risk among those who were exclusively breastfed for 12 months, regardless of breastfeeding mode, compared with those who stopped breastfeeding before age 6 months.
Scottish researchers found that preterm babies who were exclusively given breast milk for at least 75% of the duration of their hospital stay had better brain connectivity, compared with those who received less breast milk and more formula. The findings in the journal NeuroImage were based on MRI scans of 47 infants born before 33 weeks' gestation.
Researchers found that withdrawal of life-sustaining technologies was the most prevalent mode of pediatric inpatient death in a large children's hospital, with the neonatal ICU being the most common setting for deaths. The findings in Pediatrics, based on data from the Children's Hospital of Pennsylvania, showed most deaths outside an ICU were preceded by a palliative care consultation, and the consultations were more likely for patients who were older or who had a malignancy.
All eyes this week will be on further hearings on Judge Brett Kavanaugh's nomination to be a Supreme Court justice. Those hearings will not be the only important ones happening on Capitol Hill. Continue reading this week's update.
Join us on Sept. 27 at noon Eastern Time for a webinar titled "The High BMI Mother: Challenges and Care Strategies Related to Patient Safety and the Obstetrical Nurse." Deborah Cruz, RN, will discuss the prevalence of high BMI in women of childbearing age. Learn to recognize and assess maternal and fetal risks and apply strategic interventions to promote a safe maternal-fetal environment. Phillips Healthcare supports this webinar in association with AWHONN. Register here.