Research in the Journal of Clinical Hypertension found that Asian-Americans, African-Americans, American Indians/Alaska Natives and Pacific Islanders such as Native Hawaiians are at higher risk of hypertension than whites or Hispanics. White patients were more likely than Hispanic patients to have hypertension, but the overall data were not affected by weight, education level or neighborhood status.
Postmenopausal woman who had breastfed more children or for the longest periods were at lower risk of hypertension compared with women who breastfed the fewest children or for the shortest duration, according to a study in the American Journal of Hypertension. "Our findings endorsed the current recommendations of breastfeeding for the benefit of maternal health in mothers' later lives," the researchers wrote.
UK researchers looked at data for 4,354 patients with acute coronary syndrome who had hospital admissions for heart attack and found that those with the longest blood clot lysis time, which is the time it takes to dissolve a clot, were at a 40% greater risk of another heart attack or premature death due to cardiovascular disease. The findings were published in the European Heart Journal.
A Cleveland Clinic cardiac catheterization laboratory quality improvement project included a pyramidal nursing schedule and greater use of an electronic scheduling system and a preparation and recovery area, researchers reported in JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions. The results included better employee satisfaction, improved start and turn-around times, and a higher proportion of days at full lab utilization.
Researchers from the Department of Veterans Affairs used EHR data to develop 31 electronic quality measures to evaluate the care of patients who experienced a transient ischemic attack, or mini-stroke, and found that EHR data can accurately measure the quality of TIA care, compared with chart reviews. The findings, published in the journal Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes, suggest health care systems can use electronic data "to complement and expand quality measurement programs currently focused on patients with stroke."
A small study in the Journal of General Internal Medicine found in-home, hospital-level care was on average 52% lower in cost per acute care episode than usual hospital care, and did not reduce quality or patient safety. Patients at home had a median of one physician visit per day and two nurse visits, but had fewer lab tests and consultations, compared with hospitalized patients.
The Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's (SNMMI) Cardiovascular Council and the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology (ASNC) just released a joint position paper, "Clinical Quantification of Myocardial Blood Flow Using PET," which was jointly published in the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology and the Journal of Nuclear Medicine.