Health Canada is proposing the ban of partially hydrogenated fats in food products by summer 2018 -- the same deadline as the US. The ban would exclude PHOs that are used as raw materials, conjugated linoleic acids and some naturally occurring trans fats, among others.
The Non-GMO Project's independent assessment of over a dozen of Cargill's ingredients has received criticism and reignited the debate surrounding GMO classification. The organization determined that the ingredients should not be classified as genetically modified, while agricultural advocates say Cargill shouldn't have hired a third party that is openly anti-GMO.
Ten years after 11 New York counties banned trans fat in foods served by a variety of eateries, hospitalizations for heart and stroke decreased, compared with 25 counties that did not implement the restrictions, researchers reported in JAMA Cardiology. Data showed a bigger decrease for heart attacks than for strokes.
The indirect gas chromatographic mass spectrometry method of assessing the carcinogen content of food products can produce "biased results" if natural 3-MBPD esters from monoacylglycerols aren't considered, according to scientists working for the European Commission's Joint Research Center. The method is often employed to analyze 2-MCPD, 3-MCPD and glycidyl esters but can overestimate carcinogen levels if a "clean-up step" is not used.
Ninety-seven percent of food samples tested in the EU contain pesticide residues within the legal limits and pose only a low health risk to humans, says a report from the European Food Safety Authority. Greenpeace says the report failed to account for the "cocktail of pesticides" that humans are exposed to in a cumulative risk assessment, which the EFSA says is a priority moving forward.
Researchers from the University of Illinois are using biotechnology to develop sugarcane that produces oil and more sugar that can be used in biodiesel and ethanol production, respectively, and which grows on land that is not suitable for soybean and corn cultivation.
Lipids paper of the month: Lipoprotein lipase and the macrophage transcriptome
A recent study by Robert J. Brown and colleagues at Memorial University of Newfoundland in St. John's, Canada, is Editor-in-Chief Eric Murphy's selection for the Lipids paper of the month. Using a transcriptomic approach, the researchers explored changes in gene expression in THP-1 cells, a human macrophage cell line, after incubation with hydrolysis products generated by treating human total lipoproteins with lipoprotein lipase. The team identified a number of gene products that are up- or down- regulated by these lipoprotein lipase-induced hydrolysis products. "This study expands our mechanistic understanding of the complex process of shifting the phenotype of the macrophage to that of a foam cell," says Murphy. "Because foam cells are associated with atherosclerosis formation, this knowledge could help identify potential targets to alter this process and thus prevent atherosclerosis."
I do not live for what the world thinks of me, but for what I think of myself.
Jack London, writer
AOCS advances the science and technology of oils, fats, surfactants and related materials,
enhancing the lives of people everywhere.
As the AOCS member magazine, Inform offers global news and features
about vegetable oils, fats, surfactants, detergents, personal care products, and
related materials. If you are interested in writing an article for the magazine,
please contact Managing Editor Kathy Heine at
2710 S. Boulder Drive
Urbana, IL 61802-6696 USA
+1 217-359-2344 firstname.lastname@example.org