The rise in the number of deaths caused by hepatitis makes the disease a global health threat on the level of tuberculosis and HIV, according to a World Health Organization report. The data, presented at the International Liver Congress, showed a 22% increase in deaths resulting from chronic hepatitis B and C from 2000 to 2015, with 328 million people infected with viral hepatitis in 2015.
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The US Preventive Services Task Force published updated guidelines in the Journal of the American Medical Association that call for all pregnant women to undergo routine blood pressure monitoring at every prenatal visit to screen for preeclampsia, regardless of whether they have a history of preeclampsia or high blood pressure. Separate guidelines call for pregnant women with a higher risk of preeclampsia to take low-dose aspirin after 12 weeks of pregnancy.
An American Society of Clinical Oncology clinical guideline governing treatment of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer includes strong recommendations that patients be informed about palliative care. The guideline, published in Journal of Oncology Practice following a review of scientific evidence, said patients will need assessments of symptom burden and, in most cases, those assessments will "indicate a need for formal palliative care consult and services."
Children whose mothers with hepatitis B received the antiviral drug tenofovir in the second or third trimester of pregnancy were 77% less likely to have virus transmission, compared with those whose mothers didn't, South Korean researchers reported in the journal Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics. The findings were based on an analysis of 10 studies involving 733 women.
Choline, a nutrient found in meats and eggs, may increase production of the chemical trimethylamine N-oxide, or TMAO, which can make blood more likely to clot, according to a study published in the journal Circulation. Researcher Stanley Hazen of the Cleveland Clinic said moving toward a plant-based diet may inhibit TMAO formation for people at risk of cardiovascular disease.
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Lambs born prematurely spent four weeks successfully developing in an artificial womb that could one day help keep premature babies alive. The device, which resembles an aquarium, envelops the baby in a large, clear plastic bag filled with artificial amniotic fluid, with the umbilical cord attached to a machine that adds oxygen and expels carbon dioxide from the blood, according to findings published in Nature Communications.
If leaders aren't careful, high-performance employees may face sabotage and resentment from the rest of the team, research shows. In response, experts advise that managers need to offer support to their standouts while working to relieve the anxieties of others through smarter performance reviews.
SERMO surveyed 3,086 physicians from 26 countries and found that 46% have witnessed an EMR/EHR outage or malfunction that endangered a patient's health or safety. Fifty-five percent of physicians in the US said they experienced such an incident, followed by 46% -- the global average -- in Canada and the UK and 39% in France.
An amendment to Republican health care legislation proposes letting states seek waivers to opt out of the Affordable Care Act's community rating requirements, but they would have to have a high-risk pool available for consumers with pre-existing conditions, according to legislative text circulated by House Republicans. States could also seek waivers to opt out of essential health benefits requirements, and states applying for waivers would only need to meet one of numerous possible criteria, such as increasing choice of plans or reducing premiums.
The empires of the future are the empires of the mind.
Winston Churchill, statesman and prime minister
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