Girls with obesity had a 44% increased risk of developing depression, UK researchers reported in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. However, the findings, based on a review of 22 studies involving nearly 144,000 youths, didn't show a higher likelihood of depression among girls who were overweight, and weight wasn't tied to depression risk in boys.
A study in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism showed that 13% of adults who were born preterm with very low birth weights had metabolic syndrome, compared with 10% of those born at full term but small for gestational age and 7% of controls. Norwegian researchers used a cohort of 189 white adults and found a larger number of those born with very low birth weights had at least one MetS characteristic, compared with controls.
A study in Pediatrics showed that autism spectrum disorder incidence was 3.78 per 1,000 person-years among children whose mothers received the Tdap vaccine during pregnancy, compared with 4.05 per 1,000 person-years among those whose mothers weren't vaccinated during pregnancy. Prenatal Tdap vaccination was more likely among Asian-Americans or Pacific Islanders, those who were nulliparous, those with at least a bachelor's degree and those who gave birth at 37 or more weeks' gestation.
Researchers followed 94,000 individuals, ages 35 to 70, for an average of eight years and found an association between high sodium intake and increased risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke, but only in communities where the average intake was greater than 5 grams per day, or about 2.5 teaspoons of table salt. The findings in The Lancet revealed that sodium consumption in communities with less than 5 grams of sodium consumed daily was inversely associated with heart attack and total mortality.
Guest Pagers Keep Customers Social at PSH Piedmont Social House took customers cell numbers before purchasing the Guest Paging System from LRS. However, due to the size of PSH, it was tough for staff to hear customers recite their number or notice their phone when being notified. The end result was frustration for both customer and staff. Download the Piedmont Social House case study to read more.
Vector-borne diseases have increased threefold in the US between 2004 and 2016, according to the CDC, and experts say temperature shifts caused by climate change are a contributing factor. Improved surveillance as well as community engagement to help enhance disease detection and prevention are needed.
Researchers at security conferences reported that signals from monitors can be changed to falsify vital signs and that insulin pumps and pacemakers can be hacked in ways that harm patients. Encryption of network data and authentication would make it harder to attack the devices, said Doug McKee of McAfee's Advanced Threat Research team.
Researchers looked at data from 15 countries and found lower levels of absenteeism and higher levels of presenteeism when managers are supportive of employees with depression. The study in BMJ Open also showed employees who live in a country with more managers who avoid discussing depression tended to have more work absences.
Researchers interviewed 1,584 Australians over the age of 50 and found that those who were involved in vigorous physical activity were able to stave off chronic disease, disability and mental impairment for 10 years, compared with those who only engaged in moderate physical activity or were inactive. The findings in the journal Scientific Reports also showed that those with the highest levels of physical activity were twice as likely to prevent stroke, heart disease, angina, cancer and diabetes, and to be in optimal physical and mental shape.
The FDA has approved Alnylam Pharmaceuticals' Onpattro, or patisiran, for the treatment of polyneuropathy in patients with hereditary ATTR amyloidosis, making it the first gene-silencing drug to win US approval. Onpattro will carry an annual list price of $450,000 for the average patient, and several insurers, including Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, agreed to cover the drug through value-based deals with Alnylam.
One in four nurses has been assaulted at work. According to ANA's 2013-2016 Health Risk Appraisal, 9% of nurses fear for their physical safety on the job. Those statistics are unacceptable. Take steps to #EndNurseAbuse in our next challenge. Sign up.
It's bad policy to speculate on what you'll do if a plan fails, when you're trying to make a plan work.
Condoleezza Rice, diplomat and political scientist
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